روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 226 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 226

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 226

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 226

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪226‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 260‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ‪140‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ژﺍﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭ ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪ 800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻴــﻖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪» .‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻻﻳﻪ )ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ )ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ( ﻭ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ )ﻻﻳﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﺴﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ)ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ( ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﻟــﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ؛ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺧﻨﻚ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 150‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪ 107‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻨﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺒــﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻗﻒ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧــﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪25‬‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻮﺍﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺳﺮﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ؛ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺠﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ؛‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ؛ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 21‬ﺑﺨﺶ )‪(noilivaP‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ؛ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ –‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻓــﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴــﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺰﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻫﻤﺠﻮﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿــﺎ ﺗﺎﺟﮕﺮﺩﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺗﺎﺟﮕﺮﺩﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» :‬ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻀﺮﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 4000‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 9‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺛــﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺍﺛﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﮔﺮﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺿﺮﻳــﺐ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 4‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﭘﺎﭘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻓﻀﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻯ ﮔﻨﺪﻡﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 592‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ﮔﻨــﺪﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻰﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻛﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﮔﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕﺷﺎﻥ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻥ ﺳــﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺁﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ‪ 72‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻴــﺰﻩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻚ ﺯﺣﻤﺖ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ ﮔﻨﺪﻣﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺸﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﻧﺞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻛﺸﺖ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﻥﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺷﺖ؛ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﺒﺎﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺭﻗــﻢ ‪ 1300‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪ 2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺣﺠﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺮ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻥﻣﺤﻤــﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﺻﺤﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‪4‬ﺑــﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻛﺸﺖ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻘــﺐ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺣــﺎﻻ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﺸــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻫــﻢ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻰﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳــﺦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻀﻠــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﺷــﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳــﻢ ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺮ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ »ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺧﺎﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳــﻢ‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻤﻴﻨﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻤﻴﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺧــﺎﻙ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﻙ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻃﻮﻻﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺧﺎﻙﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺧﺎﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑــﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﭘــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻓﻀﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﭼﺘﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﭼﺘﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻨــﺪﻡ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳــﻖ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻇﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﭘﺎﭘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﻋﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻇﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﭘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﮔﻨــﺪﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ‪2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﺰﻭﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﺨﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﭘــﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻣﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺴﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪2/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻛﺮﺝ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﭘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒــﺮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺑﮕﻴــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 136‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻳﻚﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﺸــﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 136‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺮﺷــﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ‪96‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺖ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻜﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺪﻑﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 44‬ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﻢﺷــﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 674‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺷــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪ 23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪116‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 708‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌـﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﺣﻴـﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﻌﻠــﻰ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻫﺴﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻨﮓ ﻓﺮﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺮﺳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧـﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼـﻮﺏ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﻳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻤﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ؛ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ‪ 480‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻄﻔﻰﻣﻌﺰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪ 40‬ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖﻫﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‪ 480 ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪ 450‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻔﻰﻣﻌــﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺮﻯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻼﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺗﻜﺮﻳﻢ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﺻــﺪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻟﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺎﺱ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻳﭽﻬﺮ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪﺍﻟﻪ ﺑﺪﺍﺷﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬ﺳــﻮﻧﻴﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﻳﺎﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪ 28‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻗﺮﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 2/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﭙﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠــﺐ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 45‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺪ ‪5/5‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻴﺎﻕ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﭙﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 75‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 45‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 2/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﭙــﻮﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﻣﺪﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺳﭙﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺗــﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺗﻨﮕﺎﺗﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺯﺍﺩﻩﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﻎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 71‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 31‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴــﺮ ﻃﻴﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺸــﻰ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗــﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﻔــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﻴﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗــﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﺳــﺦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻫﻴﭻﻛــﺲ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻻﻥ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻔﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯﻫــﺎ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻧﮓ ﺧﻄﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻨﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷــﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺯﺩﻯ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺸــﻮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﺧﺸﻚﻛﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺿﺪ ﺑﺎﻛﺘﺮﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﺑــﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖﻧــﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺠﺪﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﻞ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺠﺪﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫــﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ‬ ‫‪ ،1396‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺒــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺫﻯﻧﻔﻌﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺠﺪﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ »ﺳﺎﻓﺎ« ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‪D 8‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪-‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ‪ D 8‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺒﻮﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ – ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ‪ D 8‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ )‪(B2B Meetings‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﻧﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 8‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﻞ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﻳــﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ‪ info@d8tten.org‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪-‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ )‪ (TTEN 8-D‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ )ﺗﻮﺑﻴﺘﺎﻙ( ﺍﺯ ‪ 26‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺒﻮﻝ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﻡ ﺿﺪﺩﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﺘﻰﺑﺎﻛﺘﺮﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﺐ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻡ ﺿﺪﺩﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﺘﻰﺑﺎﻛﺘﺮﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖﺯﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻣﺎﺗﻴﺴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪14‬ﺗﺎ ‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﻟــﻪ ﻭ ﺟــﻮﺭﺍﺏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ؛ ﻳــﻚ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺟﻤﻌــﻪ ﺧﻨﻚ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 150‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛــﻪ ‪ 107‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﻨﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻗﻒ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 25‬ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺮﺽ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻮﺍﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﺳــﺮﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻗﺎﻟﺐ؛ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺠﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺷــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ؛ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ؛ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 12‬ﭘﺎﻭﻳﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻮﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ؛ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ – ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ )ﻫﺎﻳﻨﻮ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺧﻨﻚﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗــﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣــﭻ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺎﻯﺗــﻚ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺠــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﻭﻳــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺮﻓﻪﺍﺵ ﺑﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻕ ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ؟ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ‪ 8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻋﻘﻼﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺐ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﺣﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺿﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻔﻮﻧﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6 ‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳــﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻔــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻫﻢ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﺑﺨﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﻛﺮﺑﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺟﺎﺫﺏ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﮕﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺪﺍﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺎﻛﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻋﺎﻳﻖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺒﺎ ﺷﺠﺎﻋﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻋــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗــﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﺏ ﻻﻯ ﭼﺮﺥﺷــﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺳــﻴﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﻳﻢ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻴﺒﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺯﺍﺭﻉ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻥﻗﺪﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺗﺎ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻏﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻄﺢﺳﻨﺞ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﻴﺦ ﺑﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤﺎ( ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻄﺢﺳﻨﺞ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ؛ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻠﺪﺭﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﺒﺰ ﭼﻬﻠﺴﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺳﻄﺢﺳﻨﺞ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ FMCW‬ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧــﺪ‪ 1/2‬ﮔﻴﮕﺎﻫﺮﺗﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﻛﺎﻧﺴــﻰ ‪ 9/6‬ﺗﺎ ‪10/8‬‬ ‫ﮔﻴﮕﺎﻫﺮﺗﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻰﻣﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻄﺢﺳــﻨﺞ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ‪ 4‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻰﺁﻣﭙﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻜﻞ ‪ HART‬ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﻪ ﻫﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻫﻠﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻧﻪ ﻟﻨﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫‪ PTFE‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻣﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 250‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻧﺘﻰﮔﺮﺍﺩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺳﻴﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﺩ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻠﺪﺭﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻄﺢﺳﻨﺞ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻨﺞ‪ ،‬ﻟﻨﺰ ﺗﻔﻠﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺮ ﻓﻠﻨﺞ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ‪،Endress & Hauser ،Vega ،Krohne‬‬ ‫‪ Rosemount‬ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟــﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺎﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺗﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ‪ CE IP66‬ﺭﺍ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ‪EXD‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﺒﺰ ﭼﻬﻠﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧــﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﮔﻠﻴﻜﻮﻝ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ‬ ‫)ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻩ( ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻧﺒﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﺮ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﻒ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﮕﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺷﺘﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻄﺢﺳﻨﺞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺠﻢ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻠﺪﺭﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﺒﺰ ﭼﻬﻠﺴﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﻣﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺗﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴﺘﺮﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻌﻄــﺎﻑ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣــﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪» .‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻻﻳــﻪ )ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫)ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ( ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ )ﻻﻳﻪ ﺳــﻮﻡ( ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﺴﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ)ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ( ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳــﺖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻔــﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳــﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 27‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 29‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴــﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻤﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺘﻰ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺳــﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ‪ 18‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪ 50‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺨﺺ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿــﻰ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺳﻦ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﺭﺳــﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺼﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺮﻣــﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕﺑﮕﻴــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻳﺶﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﺎﻥ )ﺷــﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻓﺎﻗــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣــﺎ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺭﺯﺷــﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺪﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺰﻭﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﻧﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺰﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﻘﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺿﻌﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻠﻔﻴــﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﻡﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺰﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻣــﺎﻥ ‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳﻄﺢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳــﻮﭘﺎپ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﺤــﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻳﻔﺘﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻻﻳﺤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻫﺮﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﺑﺖ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ‪ 8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ‪700‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻓﻘﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻢﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻰﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻏﻠﻂ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺳﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺳــﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦﻳﻚ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﺰﺵ ‪ 230‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﻨﺠﺮﻩ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 60‬ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 70‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻐﻞﺷــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﻠــﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 340‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺷﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ؛ ‪ 5‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﭘﻴﺸﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻯﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺸــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻴﺐ ﻣﻼﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 2‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺐ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺧﻴﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺣﻘﻮﻗــﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻌﻮﺩ ﻧﺠﻢﺍﻟﺴــﺎﺩﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻠﻄﻴﻒ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﻳــﻪ ﻣﻌﻜﻮﺱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻋﺖ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫»ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻨﺪﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪27‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﻀﺒﺎﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪ ﺗﺸــﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺧــﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻳﻚﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻜﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻭﺍﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺟﺰ ﺍﻃﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥﮔﺮﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻀﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺤﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺳﺨﻦ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻢﺍﻟﺴــﺎﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻏﻠﻂ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺷــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻪﮔﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 41‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 41‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﺰﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺣﺎﺝﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻋﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺰﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻧﺶ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﻳــﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 41‬ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣــﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻋﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺩﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺣﺎﺝﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺴــﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﺩ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻣﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 41‬ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻴﭽﻜــﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 41‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 41‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪41‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻗﺎﭼــﺎﻕ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻟﻮﮔﺮﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﻒ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﻗﻠﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻀــﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺼــﺐ ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺟﻮﻋــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﺪﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺒﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺎﺩﻡﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻒ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘــﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻠﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﺷﺒﺎﻉ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴــﺖ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺜﺒﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ »ﻗﻄﻌﻪ« ﺍﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺠﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﻭﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﺒﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠــﻮﺏ ﻭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪200‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﻡ( ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻟــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻫــﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪ .‬ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺧﻂﻣﺸﻰﻫﺎ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ‪ 9‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ )‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ(‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ‪-‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪18‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ -‬ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻳــﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 80‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 60‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺑﻪﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣــﺮﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻌﻴــﻒ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺑــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ )‪ (OE‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌــﺎﻻﻥ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻋﻤــﻮﻡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﭼﺴــﺐ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﭼﺴﺒﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻣﺮﺍﺗــﺐ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﺗﺮﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻬﻠﻚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻋﻤﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﭘﺮﺳــﻴﺪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴــﻂ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪﺷــﻜﻞ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫــﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﻨﺜﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ‪....‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻮﻳﻜﻮ‪-‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﻮ‬ ‫‪258/000/000‬‬ ‫‪244/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ‪ 6‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪118/150/000‬‬ ‫‪119/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻮﻳﻜﻮ‪-‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫‪461/000/000‬‬ ‫‪436/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ‪ 8‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪126/350/000‬‬ ‫‪126/3500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺴﻮﺯﻭ ‪ 18‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪273/220/000‬‬ ‫‪270/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺁﺭﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪98/300/000‬‬ ‫‪......‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﻭ ﺟﻰ‪ -6‬ﺗﻚ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪253/200/000‬‬ ‫‪242/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺟﻚ ‪ 5,6‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪78/800/001‬‬ ‫‪......‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﻭ ﺟﻰ‪ - 6‬ﺟﻔﺖ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪263/200/900‬‬ ‫‪253/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﻮﺯ ‪ 5‬ﺗﻦ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪100/220/002‬‬ ‫‪99/000/002‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﻜﺎﻧﻴﺎ ‪ -‬ﺟﻰ ‪400‬‬ ‫‪460/000/000‬‬ ‫‪460/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻳﺴﻮﺯ )‪ 6‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ(‬ ‫‪122/650/000‬‬ ‫‪122/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻭﻩ ‪ -‬ﺗﻚ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻛﻰﺗﻰ ‪420‬‬ ‫‪260/000/000‬‬ ‫‪256/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻳﺴﻮﺯ ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺳﻰ )‪ 6‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ(‬ ‫‪127/000/000‬‬ ‫‪126/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻭﻩ ‪ -‬ﺟﻔﺖ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻛﻰﺗﻰ ‪420‬‬ ‫‪265/500/000‬‬ ‫‪261/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻳﺴﻮﺯ )‪ 8,4‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ(‬ ‫‪130/350/000‬‬ ‫‪128/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪253/000/000‬‬ ‫‪245/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ ‪ 6‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪86/000/000‬‬ ‫‪86/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻮﺗﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪263/000/000‬‬ ‫‪265/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ ‪ 8‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪100/000/000‬‬ ‫‪100/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻳﺎ ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺳﻰ ‪ 1924‬ﺍﻝﻛﻰ‬ ‫‪210/000/000‬‬ ‫‪213/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ‪ 5,2‬ﺁﻣﻴﻜﻮ‪ -‬ﺍﻯﺍﻡ ‪6‬‬ ‫‪......‬‬ ‫‪75/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻮﻭ ﺍﻑﺍچ ‪460‬‬ ‫‪418/000/000‬‬ ‫‪490/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﻛﺎﻭﻳﺎﻥ ‪K 1052‬‬ ‫‪78/540/000‬‬ ‫‪78/540/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻮﻭ ﺍﻑﺍچ ‪500‬‬ ‫‪473/000/000‬‬ ‫‪480/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺗﻮﻥ ‪ 6,5‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪199/400/000‬‬ ‫‪101/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﮓﻓﻨﮓ ﺁﺭ‪ 270‬ﺗﻚ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ‪4*2‬‬ ‫‪186/200/000‬‬ ‫‪185/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺗﻮﻥ ‪ 6,5‬ﺗﻦ ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺍﺑﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪102/000/000‬‬ ‫‪103/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﻑ ‪ 205‬ﺍﻳﻜﺲﺍﻑ‬ ‫‪430/000/000‬‬ ‫‪410/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺗﻮﻥ ‪ 8,5‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫‪101/600/000‬‬ ‫‪105/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 16 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 7 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺸﻴﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻟﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 76‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ‪ 3/5‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺿﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢﺗﺮﻳﻠﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪ 0 /3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪7 /6‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺩﺳﺖﻛﻢ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺴــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﮔﺮﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺁﻟﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﻭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻯﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯﺗﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﺳــﻔﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻫﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺮ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻟﻮﻛﺲ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﻬﻼﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺋﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺿﺮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻫﻤﭙﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﺪﻯ ﺗﻘــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺟﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺯﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸــﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤــﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳــﻮ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‪ 3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ‪ 26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 7000‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ‪ 29000‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 19‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ‪ 25‬ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 33‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ‪5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪ 2000‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 71‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﻥ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻰ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 49‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ‪ 20‬ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 32‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺣﻤﻞ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻝ ﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻝ ﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ )ﺗﺮﺍﻛﺘﻮﺭ( ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕــﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﺍﷲ ﺍﻣﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤــﺎﻝ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳــﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺣﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺸــﻨﻪ ﺗﻨــﻮﻉ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 98‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﻫﻢ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﻰ ﻛﻰ ﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 98‬ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ؛ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺯﺍﻥﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪94‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ )ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ(‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻠﺢ‪ ،‬ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺭﺍﻫﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻚ ﺑﺎﺩﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺯﺍﻥﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﻮﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋــﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﺪﻛــﻮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺪﻛﻮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺫﻯﺻﻼﺡ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 226‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2199‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ»‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﭘﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻨﺠﺶ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺒﺪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﭘﺸﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻧــﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫‪260‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ‪140‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ژﺍﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭ ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧــﮕﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪ 800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 0/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻄﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 180‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ؛ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻒ ﺧﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻡ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻏﺮﻓﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﻗﺒــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻨﺎﺳــﻨﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﻚ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺨﺸﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﺎﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻳﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 1500‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺒﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﺎﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﻋﻤﻞ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻀﺒــﺎﻁ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﺮﺍﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻰﺍﷲ ﺳﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺑﺨﺸــﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ؛‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﻴﻒ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺘﺪ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺳﺨﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻦﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺁﻟﻮ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺷﺮﻓﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻭﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﻧﮕﺰﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺸــﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﮓﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺿﺪﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺿﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﺑﻪﻓﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻀﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺳﻨﺘﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﭘﺸﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻃﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻗﻬﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺪ ﺑﺎﻛﺘﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺿﺪ ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺴﺖﻭﺷﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺳــﻨﺘﺰ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻛﺴﺘﺮ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﺮگﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻗﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﺷــﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﻠﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﻚ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﺘﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﭘﺸــﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘــﺮﺍﺵ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﻟﻴــﺰ ﻋﻨﺼﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﺳــﻜﻮپ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺿﺪ ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﻭ ﺿﺪ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻃﻴﻒ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ‪ :‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻳﻦ؟‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ!‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺑــﻼﻍ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺣﻘﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺣﻜﻤﻰ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 97‬ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺗﺪﻭﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺎﺩﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨــﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪ 460‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ‪ 460‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟــﺖ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻓﻜــﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺭﺍﺑﻄــﻪ ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻯﺗــﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺯﻭﺗﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻠﻴــﻒ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺛﺎﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺛﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﻼﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬

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