روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 100 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 100

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 100

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 100

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪100‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؛ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻨﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺪﺍﭘﻨﺎﻫﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 29‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫»ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ «.‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺑــﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴــﻞ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﺒــﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪...‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ( ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﻟﺒﺎﺳﺸﻮﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻳﺰﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺠﺎﻧﺒﻪﻧﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻰﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻣﻖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺴﻮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺗﻠــﺦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﺪﻙ ﻛﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻧﺎﺑﺴﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻢﻗﺮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺻﺪﻫﺰﺍﺭﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﭼﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻫﺮﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﻟﺴــﻮﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ‪ 60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﻃﺤﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺎﺗﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﻯ!! ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻰﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳــﺶ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺤﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻰﺍﻧﺼﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺝ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ‪ 150‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺮﻏﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺷﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻃﺤﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺰﻭﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺸــﻪ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺩﻳﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺴﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻤﻠﻮ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻫﻤﭙﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻌﻠﻰ ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺩﻟﻴﮕﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ »ﭘﺎﻳﺶ«‪ ،‬ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ‪10‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪750‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ؛ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﺮﻃﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺪﺍﻕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫»ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻜﺸﻨﻴﺴﻢ«ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳــﺮﻩ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﺎﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺯﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻳﻢ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺷــﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻰ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻓﺮﻕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳــﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻨﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻳﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻡ ﻓﻜــﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺴــﮕﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺏ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﻠﻮﺹ ‪99/95‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 70‬ﺗﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻡ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺴــﮕﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺣﺎﺋﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﺸﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺨــﺐ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﻀــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻯ ﺳﻪﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺥ ‪ 96/2/2‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻉ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺠﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺴﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻢﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﻃﻠﺒﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻧﺎﻟﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻮﻕ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺯ ﻳﻜﺼﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺭﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻢﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻼﻑ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﺯﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻭ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻗﻀﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺾ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺻﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻟﻴﺎﻗﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻫﺸــﺘﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻜﻮﻫﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺸــﻜﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺭﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺳﺸﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺸــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﺴﺎﺩﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋــﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺍﺧــﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻼﻑ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻣﺘﻘﻦ )ﻭ ﻧــﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺣﺪﺱ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩﻫﺎ( ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻪﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻰ ﺷــﻚ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﻧﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺳﺸــﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻼﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻗﺎﻃﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻄﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ‪ 40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﺎ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫»ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ «.‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘــﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﺎ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳــﺎ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻰﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪60‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘــﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﻧﻴــﺰ ‪ 150‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﻳــﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 68‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪7‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﻫﻦﺍﺳﻔﻨﺠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 83‬ﻭ ‪ 84‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺮﺳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴــﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺿﺮﺑﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ‪ 40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻴﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫‪ 60‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑــﺖ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀــﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞﺷــﺪﻩ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻑ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻘﺼﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻰﺗﻘﺼﻴﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻢ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠــﻰ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ‪ ...‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﭘﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ؛ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺘﻰ ﻣﺰﺩﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 93‬ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻟﻮﺣﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻫﺸﺖ ﮔﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺨــﺎﺫ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺰﺗﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﻫﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻢﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺘﻰ ﻣﺰﺩﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 93‬ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞﻭﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺯﺍﺭﻋﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺁﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺁﺏ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺏ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻠﻮﺹ‬ ‫‪ 99/95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 70‬ﺗــﻦ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 100‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺗــﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﻴﻚ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 360‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔــﺮﻡ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 42‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻠﻰﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺯﺍﺭﻋﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤـﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟـﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷــﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ‪ ،‬ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ«‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﺭﻳﺰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻔــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‪ -‬ﺗﻨﺪﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ‪ 20‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫـﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻥﻫـﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘـﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼـﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺗﺤــﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣــﻮﻥ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﻛﻢﺁﺑــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﻰ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﺏﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﺴــﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﺘﺎﺏﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻫﺸﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﮕﺮﻫﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕـﺮ ﺩﺳـﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣـﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـــﺪ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ‪ PET‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ‪FDG‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ‪ GMP‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺩﺍﺭﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻥ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻙﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺁﺏﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻮﺹ ‪ 99/95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪70‬ﺗﻦ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺷــﺪﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 100‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 70‬ﺗﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺁﺏﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺏﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﻴﻚ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 360‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﻓﺮﻭﺧﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘــﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ‪ 230‬ﺗﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ‪ 149‬ﺗﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺭﺁﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻳﻔﻴﻮژ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ UCF‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺭﺁﻛﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻞ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 42 ،95‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﮓ ﺧﻄﺮ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 300‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺶ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷﺎﻳﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ‪ NREL‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳــﻤﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 85‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺻﻔﺤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 89‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﭘﺎﻳﻠﻮﺕ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ« ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺴﺖ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺸﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺧﻴﻢﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﺘﻮﻭﻟﺘﺎﺋﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺑﺶ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳــﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 89‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﺧﺎﻙﭼﺎﻝ )ﻟﻨﺪﻓﻴﻞ( ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﺁﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﻙﭼﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻙﭼﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻭﺳــﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﻳﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺿﺪﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﺳــﻮﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻛﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻙﭼﺎﻝ )ﻟﻨﺪﻓﻴﻞ( ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﺳﻮﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﺳﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻛﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺪﺍﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺵ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺎﺭﻧﻤﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺁﺏﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳــﻴﻤﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﺏﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻳﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺏﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪ 25‬ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ 23 :‬ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻧﺒﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻭﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻧﺒﺎﺯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ ﺁﺷﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 501‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 185‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 366‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻮﻫﺴﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﻣﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠــﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 880‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻣﻨــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪366‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ‪185‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪390‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻫﺴــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 9‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﮔﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴــﺪ ﭼﻴﺖﭼﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻅ ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻠﻰﻛﻮﭘﺘــﺮ ﻭ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻟـﺰﻭﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕـﺮﻯ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫـﻰ ﻣﻄﻠـﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺑــﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺻﺒﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺣــﻞ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻕﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶﺍﺯﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺴﺠﺎﻡﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻼﻕ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨــﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﮔﺮﻩ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 100‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺟﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 200‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﻤــﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺻﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻦﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؛ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺧــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣــﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻨﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺧﺪﺍﭘﻨﺎﻫﻠﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﻨﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 12‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻼﺗﻜﻠﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﺷــﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻏﺪﻏــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻟــﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺩﻻﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩﺍﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻢ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷــﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 200‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣــﻖ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﻳﻚﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﻴــﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﻨﺪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺗﻜﻠﻴــﻒ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻃﺐﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ؛ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺮﻏﻮﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ‪ 9‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 900‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻦﻳﺎﺏ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﺎﻛﺪﺷــﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻛﺪﺷــﺖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻛﺪﺷــﺖ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪14‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﺎﻛﺪﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﺎﻛﺪﺷﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 20‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺩﻗــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺼــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫¿‪]Â‬‬ ‫§€‪½YÂyY‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫{‪Á‬‬ ‫‪¹‬‬ ‫‪Ä /‡Âe¶»ZŸ[Zzf¿Y‬‬ ‫‪ʟ€§ÉZ°¿Z¼Ìa‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪w w w. s 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|ÀËZ¼¿Ä mY€»Ä‬‬ ‫‪Y€«€]•Z^eY…Z¼eÃZ¼‹Z]€fŒÌ]cZŸÔ—Y\ˆ¯dÆm‬‬ ‫¿¼‪ |ÌËZ‬‬ ‫‪½Y€ÆeÖf ÀÕZÅ­€Æ‹d¯€‹ֻ¼Ÿ–]YÁ‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰﺗﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳــﺮﻩ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﺎﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻛــﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﺮﻕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻨﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺍﻳﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻧﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻝ ﻭ ﭘﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺴــﺘﺮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺹﺗــﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﺪﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻴــﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ؟ ﻣﺪﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻤﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺫﻫﻦ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺲ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺠﺎﺩﭘﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻴﻄﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﻭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻜﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷﺨﺼﻰﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗــﺮﻯ ﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﭘﺮﻣﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﻓــﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺷــﻔﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮﻯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻛﻨﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺸﻴﻦ ﻛﻼﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷــﻐﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﻭﺳــﻴﻌﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺻﻔﺤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺳﺠﺎﺩﭘﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ »ﺩﻳﺠﻰﻛﺎﻻ«‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰﺗــﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻳــﺎ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫــﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜــﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧــﻜﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﻼﻫﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ؛ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﺳﭙﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ‪ LCD‬ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺮ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐــﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺑﻂ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﮔﻠﭽﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺑﺨﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺪﺭ ﭘﺮﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺏﻭﻫﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻬﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻬﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺟﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ؟ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺎﻡﺁﻭﺭﺗﺮ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ؟ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﮔﻤــﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 131‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺖ ﺍﺳﻜﻦ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ )ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ( ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻡﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ »ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ« ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻰﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﺒﻚ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﻫــﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺟﻬﺶ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻗﺸــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺸــﺮ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺭﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧــﻪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺠﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯﺗﺮ ﺳــﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﻓﻴﺾﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹﺗــﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﭘﺮﺳﺸــﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳــﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻪ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﺴﺖﻭﺟﻮﻯ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻐــﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 100‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺳﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﻴﺒﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻴﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﻢ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺳﺮﺍﻳﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2050‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪161 ،‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻴﺒــﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺳــﻴﻢ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﺍﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻓﻴﺒﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ‪370 ،‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪100 ،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ‪ 2 ،‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺭﺳــﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪8‬ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻓﻴﺒــﺮ ﻧــﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ »ﻋﺼﺮ ﮔﻴﮓ«‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﻚ ﮔﻴﮕﺎﺑﻴﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺮ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺣﺲ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﻢ ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻠﻔﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2020‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪51‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ »ﻓﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ«‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 9‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ‪ 125‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺰﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺿــﺎ ﺁﻗﺎﺑﺎﺑﺎﮔﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﺑﺎﺑﺎﮔﻠﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺷــﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻃــﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻓﺸﺮﺩﻩ )ﺳﻰﺍﻥﺟﻰ(‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻓﺸــﺮﺩﻩ )ﺳــﻰﺍﻥﺟﻰ( ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺎﺯﺳــﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﺮﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻓﺸــﺮﺩﻩ )ﺳــﻰﺍﻥﺟﻰ( ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻤــﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺳﻰﺍﻥﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻭﻳﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﺍﺑﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺑــﺎﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗــﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭘــﮋﻭ ﻭ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﻳﻨﺶ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺿﺮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﭘــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻁﮔﺮﺍ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺷﺪﻩﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ »ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻜﺸﻨﻴﺴﻢ«ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻝ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻟــﺮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻢ ﭼﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ ﺳﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺳﺮﻭﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﻳــﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗــﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻜﺸﻨﻴﺴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻜﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﻮﺋﻞ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻜــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺷﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻃﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﻜﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻳــﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺧﺪﺷــﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺴﺦ ﻭ ﺷﻜﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻟﻄﻤــﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻤــﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻜﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺧﺪﺷــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻨﻰ ﻧﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻁﮔﺮﺍ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻰﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻗﻀــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﺩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺑﻰﺍﻡﺁﻯ )‪ (BMI‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﻮﺋﻞ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻜﺸﻨﻴﺴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﭘــﻦ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴــﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ »ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ« ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺣﺰﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺧــﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺭﻧــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺛﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﺮﻳﻚ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪﻯ ﺑﮕﺮﺩﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﻃﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 15‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮﻧﻈﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﺠﻔﻰﻣﻨﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻰﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺠﻔﻰﻣﻨﺶ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻜﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤــﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 2 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 29 1438‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖﺍﷲ ﺻﻔﺎﻳﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ؛ ﺧﺪﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺗــﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺐﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤــﻮﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪60 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻠﻮ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﻠﻮﻩﻫﺎ )ﺩﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼچ ﺗﺮﻣﺰ( ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎﻳــﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪800‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮﻧﺪﺍ ﺳــﻰﺑﻰﺁﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺟﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻨــﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﺴــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻯﺟﻰﺍﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﻰﻭﻯﺍﺱ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺐﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑﻰﺩﻭﺑﻰ)‪(B2B‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻴــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 25‬ﻧــﻮﻉ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﺣــﺬﻑ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗــﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﻇــﻒ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﻮﻙ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻳﻚﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺠــﺖﺍﷲ ﺻﻔﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺳــﺎﺭﮔﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻧﺰﺩﻳــﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ‪20‬ﺗﺎ ‪25‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧــﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺳﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺑــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼــﺺ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 10‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪38/793/000‬‬ ‫‪42/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﻭﻟﺴﺘﺮ‪ 6 .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪124/507/000‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪42/680/000‬‬ ‫‪43/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪148/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/381/000‬‬ ‫‪31/900/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ‪.‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪189/900/000‬‬ ‫‪169/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/330/000‬‬ ‫‪52/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫‪194/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪42/051/000‬‬ ‫‪44/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ ﺩﻯﺍﻡ ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪242/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/849/000‬‬ ‫‪38/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪85/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/981/000‬‬ ‫‪117/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪114/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪9‬‬ ‫‪135/388/000‬‬ ‫‪139/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪115/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪79/137/000‬‬ ‫‪81/400/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‬ ‫‪189/000/000‬‬ ‫‪191/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪19/314/000‬‬ ‫‪19/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪200/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪27/606/000‬‬ ‫‪27/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 204‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪+2017‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪222/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪65/990/000‬‬ ‫‪66/500/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪150/000/000‬‬ ‫‪146/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪91/078/000‬‬ ‫‪92/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪155/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 320‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪51/862/500‬‬ ‫‪54/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﺮﻭﻻ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺁﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪295/000/000‬‬ ‫‪290/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪54/346/000‬‬ ‫‪57/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﻤﺮﻯ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻜﺲﺍﻝﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪000/000/205‬‬ ‫‪207/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻤﭙﻴﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳــﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺿﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻴﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺮﺍژﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺸﻪﻛﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﻼﻳﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳــﻬﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼــﺺ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﻪﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﻄﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤــﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻃﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 29‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 100‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2073‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰﻛﻪﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻟﻘــﺎ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﻫــﺮ ﻭﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻳﺎﺑــﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺣﻜﻮﻣــﺖ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺴﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺗﻮﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻼ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﻖ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻼ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻈــﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻳــﺎ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﻣــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ‪250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻢ؟ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳــﻜﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1397‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﻛﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺜــﻼ ﺍﺯ ‪6‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣــﺎﻻ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ ﻧﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ‪100‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﺮﻳــﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺫﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳــﺪ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻢ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷﺖ؟ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺴﻰ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻒ ﺭﺍ ‪ 2‬ﻳﺎ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻛــﺪﺍﻡ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ! ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻔﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻳــﺎ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪5‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1396‬ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺪﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺝ )ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﺎﻥ( ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 7‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ »ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺭﻗــﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﻨﻮﺍﺗﻰ‪ ...‬ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ...‬ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺯﺍﺋﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ )‪ (598‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ «.‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؟ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻼ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ‪2/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻦ ﻣﺘﺒﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ‪ 2/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 100‬ﻓﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1399‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 250‬ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ‪26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺸــﻮﺩ ‪ ،126‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ‪ ،159‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ ‪ 200‬ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ‪ .252‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺪﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﺎﻑ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻣﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﻼﻯ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺗﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺒﻰ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com/about.html‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ‪ :‬ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﺷﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ :‬ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻓﻜﺲ‪88713730 :‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪88722732-3 :‬‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪88722735 :‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸـﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑـﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋـﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧـﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪- 26‬ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪info@sanatnewspaper.com :‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@sanatnewspaper.com:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ ‪64097‬‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺴــﺘﺎﮔﺮﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺨﺶ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ 29» :‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﺪﺍﺣﺎﻓﻈﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﻣﻀــﺎﻥﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻫﺸــﺘﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤــﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒــﺎﻑ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﻭﻗــﺖ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗــﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﺸــﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸــﻤﺎﺭﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺪﻕ ﮔﻔﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﺑﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﻟﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ »:‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﻰ ‪ 40‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪ 3 :‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ؛ ‪ .69 ،64 ،54‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ» ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺭﺿﺎ)ﻉ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﺟﻠﻴﻠﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬ ‫»ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ »ﻭﺍﻗﻊﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ« ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؛‬ ‫»ﺭﻣﺎﻧﺘﻴﻚ« ﻭ »ﻏﻴﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ«‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﺑﻄﺤــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤــﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘــﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒــﺎﻑ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻋﻰﺍﻧﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤــﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﺢ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺻﻠﺤﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺗﻨﺪﮔﻮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺍﻣﺸﺐ ﺗﻮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪«...‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿــﺎ ﺯﺍﻛﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻝﮔﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧــﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺼــﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺩﻋــﻮﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺘــﺮﺍ ﺯﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﺮ ﺍﻛﺎﺫﻳﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺳﻮﮔﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﮋﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﭘــﮋﻭ ‪ ،2008‬ﺳــﻮﮔﻠﻰ ﺍﻳــﻜﺎپ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺳﻰﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻜﺎپ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪80‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﭘﺸﻦﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪90‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻜﺎپ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ‪ 2008‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﮋﻭ‪ 2008‬ﺷﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻜﺎپ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ‪80‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻜﺎپ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﭘﮋﻭ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻄﻒ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺎﺷﻢ ﻳﻜﻪﺯﺍﺭﻉ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ‪70‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ ﺧﺸــﻚ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﭘــﮋﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 75‬ﺗﺎ ‪78‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻳﻜﻪﺯﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 90‬ﺗﺎ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻳــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻃﻌﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺁﭘﺸــﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻴﺐ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﭽﺸﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺐ ﺁﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﺯﺩﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﻢﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺴــﻢ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻗﺮﻥ ‪ 19‬ﻭ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻗﺮﻥ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﻻﺗﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻇﻮﺍﻫــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ‪30‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻫــﻪ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧــﻪ ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡﺑــﺎﻭﺭ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺰﺑﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺣــﺰﺍﺏ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻧﺸﻨﺎﻝ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﺠﺎﻳﺐ« ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪/.‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﻧﺒﺴــﺎﻃﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫)ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ( ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣــﺪﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺸﺨﺺﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻯ ﻣﺨــﺮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬

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