روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 106 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 106

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 106

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 106

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪106‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 13‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 500‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ‪ 278‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪...‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺋﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷﺪ‪...‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺟﺎﻳﻰﺳﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫‪3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺖﺳــﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻴﻞ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳــﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺍﺑﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺪﺍﺭﻳﺰﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻛﻼﻧﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳــﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ‪22‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪24 :‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺍﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺮﺑــﺎﺯ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻫﺎﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺝ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡﺯﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺱ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻇــﺮﻩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻧﺸــﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻧﺸﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺲ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺧﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷــﻰ ﻣﻰﺳﭙﺎﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻣــﻮﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺖ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺟﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻬﻘــﺮﺍ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻧﺰﻭﺋﻼ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳــﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻴﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷــﺪﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 70‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨــﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻴﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺜﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻟﻤﺲ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺋﻮﺱ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺳﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺷﺮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ» ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺭﺟﺎﻳﻰﺳﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﺷــﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧــﻪ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪﻗﺪﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﻌﻢ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﺶﺍﺯﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻯ ﺫﻭﻕ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‪ 2/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ‪3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺗﻨﺪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﻧــﮓ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺼﺪﺍﻗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺐ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻪﻭﻳــﺮﺩﻯ ﺭﺟﺎﻳﻰﺳﻠﻤﺎﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯﺍﺵ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﻬــﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴـﺘﻰ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷـﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻯ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋــﻮﺍﻡ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﻓﻬﻤﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﮔﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﻓﺮﻳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺑــﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﺴــﻴﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺳــﻠﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻧﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻳــﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺷﺮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴـﺘﻰ ﭼﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺁﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮔﻤــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪﻣﺤﺾ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫــﺎ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1384‬‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 8‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺳﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ‪ 8‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ‪ 80‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 84‬ﺑﻪ ‪1000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻻﺭ ‪ 900‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪4000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻳﻚﺷﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﺎﮔﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷـﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺣـﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻫﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺁﻥﻗــﺪﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺑﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻳﻜـﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗـﻰ ﻛـﻪ ﺍﻏﻠـﺐ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟـﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻋـﺪﻩ ﭼﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑـﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗــﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ 3 .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧــﻪ ‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷـﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧـﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴـﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﻪ ﭼﺸـﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﻳــﺐ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺍﺭﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﻳﻚ ﺧﺮﺍﺑــﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﻓﻬﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ‪ ....‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻨﺎﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳـﻦ ﺩﺳـﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﻟـﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫـﻢ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺁﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓــﺖ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻯ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺖ ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪﭼﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡﺯﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 88‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺷﻮﻙ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜــﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺸــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﺴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺣﻘﻮﻕﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺒﻘــﺎﺕ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺖ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻋﺪﻳــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻥﺁﻭﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ 30 .‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺷﻜﺴــﺖﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺮﻓﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺴــﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﻼﺷــﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﻮﭼﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﺤﻖ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﻳﺎ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ‪ WTO‬ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ‪ WTO‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘــﺮﺍﺽ ‪ WTO‬ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻪﺍﻟﻮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 16‬ﻳﺎ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺮﺛﺮﻭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪3 ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺴــﻴﻠﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺖﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻴﻞ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ‪ 900‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪34‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻓﻘــﻂ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻖﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻫــﺪﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻴﻞ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺁﺳــﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺁﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ‪ ‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓــﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛــﺰ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻬﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﺒــﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺣﺎﻣﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻬــﺪﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺤﻰ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰﺗﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺳﭙﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻭ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪» :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ«‪» ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ«‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ« ﻭ »ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ‪60‬ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1393‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻜﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺿﻌــﻒ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﻠﻴــﻒ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯﺗﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 60‬ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻊﺗــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞﮔﺸــﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 91‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪ 91‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 963‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﺎ ‪ 1551‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ 91 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 163‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 129 ،94‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪611‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 523‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪94‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 343‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪846‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ‪846‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 85‬ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 1000‬ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠــﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 374‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻦﻳﺎﺏ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 241‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 13‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴــﺖ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪500‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 278‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺣﻴــﺎﻯ ‪ 7‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‪13‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮﻫﻤﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 960‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻣﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻓﻌــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺟــﺎﺫﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﺎ ‪ 48‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻮﺷﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺷﻚ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩﺑــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﺟﻤﻌــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺩﺭ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻟﻮﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺮﺍﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺒﺮﻧــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪13‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤــﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺷــﺮﻕ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﺘﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩﺳــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ‪ 77‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ‪ 32‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 77‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳــﻮﻝ ﺯﺭﮔﺮﭘﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 874‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 1110‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﺭﮔﺮﭘﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪ 44‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪1800‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻣــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪32‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 77‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﺭﮔﺮﭘﻮﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻌﺎﻉ ‪ 50‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﺎﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﺭﮔﺮﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻋﺰﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺟﺰﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻴﻼﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ‪36‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻣﺼــﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ‪33‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫‪ 36‬ﺗﺎ ‪48‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﻴــﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻻﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺳﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪500‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻛﻠﻨﮓﺯﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻴــﻼﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪17‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺷــﺮﻓﻴﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻣﻨﺒﻌﺚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻣﻜﻠﻔﻨــﺪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺷﺮﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻏــﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺩﺭﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 160‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪160‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 31‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪730‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ‪5‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮﻯ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻫﺐ ﺧﺪﺍﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺪﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 18‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 10‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‪ 110 ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 30‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﻤﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻛﻠﻨﮓﺯﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗــﺎ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳــﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺮﻕ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴــﺎ ﻣﻬﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺍﺟﺎﻕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻓﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 100‬ﻧﻔﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ژﻧﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﻧﻔــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻃﻠﺲ ﺩﻳﺒﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 60‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﻴﻨﺎ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻨﺜﻰ ﺷﻴﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﺭﻭﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 100‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 1500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﻛﻠﻨﮓ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻨﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪40‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 150‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫»ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ«‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩﺭﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ »ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ« ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ؟‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ »ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ« ﻧــﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨــﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻤــﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻔــﻦ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻨﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 15‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ »‪«13‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 85‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 86‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻧﻈــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻠﺰﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻙﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ‪100 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻋﻈــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫــﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﭘﺎﺭﺗﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2016‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 193‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 106‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺟﻼﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻫﻢ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﻢ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺭﻓﺖﻭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﻣﻮﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺩﺭﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺁﻥﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺭﺷﻮﻩ ﺳﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﭘﺮﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﺪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴــﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻮﻳــﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ؛ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺻﺤﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺣﺪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴــﻚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺰﻳـﺖ »ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ« ﻳﺎ »ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴـﻚ« ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﺴﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭘــﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻳــﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﮕﺸﺎﻯ ﻋﺼﺮ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺮﺩﻩﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﺣﺼﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﮔـﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺸـﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷـﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺧﺪﻣـﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴـﻚ ﺭﺍ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺟﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻋﻘﺐﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭼﻬــﺎﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺻﺤﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﻓﻬﻤﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺸــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ »ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ« ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻳﻚ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﺨﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴــﺮ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ؛ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ؛‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﻴﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﺑﻴــﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻋــﺎﺩﺕ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺫﺍﺋﻘﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻮﺽ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺣﻮﺻﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﺩﺳﺖﻭﭘﺎﮔﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻠﻪﻫﺎ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺣــﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻀﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺷــﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳــﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﻢ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 417‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 278‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻬﻤﻴﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺳــﺎﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺨﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬــﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺻﻮﻟــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺭ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﻚ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻫﺮ ‪ 6‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﺯﻭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ )‪(2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﺳﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﻣــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻛﻴﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﺍژﮔﻮﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭼﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮓ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻛﻴﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻦ )ﻛﻴﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻢﻛﺸــﻰ ﻭ‪ (...‬ﻣﻤﻨــﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ )ﻣﮕــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ(‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺘﺮﭼﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﻫﻨــﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺷﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩ ﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻫــﻪ ‪ 90‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻘــﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻫــﻪ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺟﺰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗــﻰ ﺣﺠﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻐﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻧﻮﻇﻬــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺲ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ -‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺴﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻝ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﭘﺎﺭﺗﻤﺎﻥﻧﺸــﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﺮﺳــﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺁﻫﻨﻰ ﺍﺑﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻼﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻛﺸﻤﻜﺶ ﻭ ﺟﻨﮕﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺩ ﺷﻤﺸﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻐﻤﺎ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﺟﻊﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻨﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺝ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﻳﺸﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳــﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻛﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ )ﮔﺮﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺐ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ( ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻟﺒــﺪ ﺑﻰﺭﻣﻖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡﺁﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑـﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺴـﺘﻤﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺰﺋﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴـﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑـﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺗﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺎﺳـﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﺭ ﻣﻰ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 1404‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﺴــﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻔﺘــﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 101‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﻪ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺍﺯ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 60‬ﻭ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨــﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻳﻘﻴــﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﺑــﻪ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻛﻴﻔــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ‪ -‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲﻫــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺧــﻼﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪1404‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨــﺪ؛ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﺟﻨﺎﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻗﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻣﻜﻠــﻒ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺎﻳــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻖ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺳﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺳﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ‪ 1404‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻛﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻗــﻢ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1392‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪750‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺧﻼﻑ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1393‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 1404‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺮ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺗــﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫــﺎ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﺟﺰ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 60‬ﻭ ‪ 70‬ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻣﺘﺤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺯﻡﺧــﻮﺍﻩ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﻟــﺶ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤــﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤــﺎﻝ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﻫﻤﻔﻜــﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﺩﺭﮔﻤﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻤﻜﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻳــﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﻩﭼﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﻢﻛﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 9 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 6 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺋﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻠــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻬﺪﻳــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ؛ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺣﺎﺝ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﻭ ‪91‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺸﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 87‬ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﻧﺰﻭﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺳــﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻳــﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 30‬ﺗﺎ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﻰﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 81‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 88‬ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺗــﺎ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 89‬ﻭ ‪ 90‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﺸــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪92‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 500‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﺵ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻤﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺟﻨﺎﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳـﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴـﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣـﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺻﻨﻌـﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴــﺪ ﺣﺎﺝﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﻰ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳــﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﭘﻴﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺝﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺳــﻮﺥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﻴــﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﻧﺎﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،94‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﻠﺘﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺷــﻮﺍﺭ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺛﺒﺖﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺛﺒﺖﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺎﻡ ‪ 58‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁ ﺛﺒﺖﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 16‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ 58 :‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣــﺪﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺳﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺗﻘﻰ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄــﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻔﻜــﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻧﮕﺮﻳﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪-‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴـﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻓﻰﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺧﻮﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺣﺲ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻗﻴﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﻃﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻋﻘﺒﮕﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﻜﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺭﻗﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﻨﺎﻡ ﺧﻠﺞ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻣﻮﺳــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺩﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2017‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻠﺞ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭙﻮﺷﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 106‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2079‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ)‪(2‬‬ ‫(‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com/about.html‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺒﻰ‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ‪ :‬ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﺷﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ :‬ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﺟﻠﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟«‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻛﺜﻴﻒ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪» :‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻛﺜﺮﻳﺖ ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺕﺍﷲ ﺿﺮﻏﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘــﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﻢﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪#‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ_ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧــﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺒﻬــﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺣﻜﻴﻤﻰﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧــﻪ ‪ 250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ‪ 150‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ 5 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪#‬ﻭﻋﺪﻩ_ﻫﺎﻯ_ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ«‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪» :‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻼﻣﺘﻪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻧﻤﻴﺪﻭﻧﻢ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺗﺶ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؟«‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﻴﺮﻛﺎﻇﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻳﻦ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻤﻪ ﻇﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺁپ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻯ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻭ ﺷــﺌﻮﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺳــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻫــﻮﺍﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒــﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﻭﻧﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﻛﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩﻫﺎ ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻴﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺝﺍﷲ ﺭﺟﺒﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰ ﺳﻠﺐ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ ﻃﺎﻫﺮﺧﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻠﻴﻦ ﻭﻻﻳﻰ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﺑﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪» :‬ﭼﻬﻞ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺣﺒﺲ ﺷﺪﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺷــﻮﻥ ﺳﺨﺖﺗﺮ ﻣﻴﺸﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺘﺮ ﻣﻴﺸﻦ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﺷﻮﻥ ﺭﻭ ﻧﻤﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ ﻛﺮﺩ ‪#‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ«‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴــﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ‪9‬ﻭ‪10‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻰ؟ﺟﻮﺍﺏ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ‪12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ! ‪#‬ﭘﺮﺳﺸﮕﺮﻯ«‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪ »:‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻫﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ »ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ«‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫــﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 14‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻟﻴﻨﻚ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﻧﺎﭘــﻼﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳــﺮﺩﺭﮔﻤﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻟﻴﻨﻚ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﭼــﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟ ﺩﻯ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗــﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ‪ 1646‬ﺳﻰﺳــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺳــﻴﻠﻨﺪﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ‪ 7/7‬ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ‪ 100‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ‪ 115‬ﺍﺳﺐ ﺑﺨﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺸﺘﺎﻭﺭ ‪ 155‬ﻧﻴﻮﺗﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺳــﺎﻧﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺩﻧﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻟﺘﻰﻣﺪﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻻﻣﭗﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻝﺍﻯﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺩﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ )‪ (Day Light‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠــﻮ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺟﺰﺋﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻍﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺩﻧﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ‪ 43‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎﭘﻼﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ‪ 46‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺖﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻤﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺳــﻴﻤﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻣﺒﻮ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺳــﻤﺮﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1328‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻬﺮﻳﺰﻙ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻃﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻭ ﻣﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1349‬ﺩﺭ »ﻫﻔﺖﺗﭙﻪ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ« ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻔﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﺸﻜﺮ‬ ‫»ﺑﺎﮔﺎﺱ« ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸـﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑـﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋـﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧـﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪- 26‬ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪info@sanatnewspaper.com :‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@sanatnewspaper.com:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ ‪64097‬‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﺣﺎﻓﻈﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺩ ‪#‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ_ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ‪#‬ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ‪#‬ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺶ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ!«‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳــﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻼﺕ ﻧﻈﻤﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ ،1305‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 20‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻨﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺲ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺷــﺨﺎﺹ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪ 13‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺣﻖ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ‪ 13‬ﺗﺎ ‪18‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻰ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫»ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺯﻧﮓ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬ ‫‪ 50‬ﺫﺭﻉ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﻭﺏ ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺏ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺳــﻔﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺫﺭﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮ ﭘﻴﭻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﻼﻗﻰ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺁﻫﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺳﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻧﻈﻤﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻞ ﺍﺷــﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﭘﺮﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ «.‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﻮﻏﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻧﮓ ﺳــﻮژﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺟﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺝﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﻨﻪ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻧﺎﺻﺮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦﺷﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺳﻮﺭﻯ ﺳﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1324‬ﻩ‪.‬ﺵ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﺑﺎﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1818‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﻛﺎﺭﻝ ﻓﻮﻧﺪﺭﻳﺲ« ﻛﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺭﺍﻛﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻣﻰﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻰﺩﻭﻳﺪ! ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻭﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﻡ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻛﺐ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ »ﻛﻴﺮﻙ ﭘﺎﺗﺮﻳﻚ ﻣﻚﻣﻴﻼﻥ« ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﺪﺍﻝﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺩﺍﻍ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺷﺮﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻧﻔﺮﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻧﺸﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻓﻜﺲ‪88713730 :‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪88722732-3 :‬‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪88722735 :‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫)ﭼــﻮﻛﺎ( ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻤﻴﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻤﻴﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺍﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻠﻴﺎﻥﻛﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬

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