روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 113 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 113

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 113

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 113

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪113‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‪ 83‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‪ 42‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺨﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ‪4‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ «90‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 4‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ )ﻛﺎﺝ(‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ )ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ( ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬ﻭ‪3‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪ 207‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻢﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 207‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ 13 .‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 400‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 56‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 56‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 560‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ‪ 50‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ‪ 50‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ‪ 350‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻚ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺳﻴﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ 95 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ 13 :‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ‪ 600‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 700‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 121‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺏ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﺮﻩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻤﺖﻭﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺸــﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺨﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪ 92‬ﺗﺎ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 92‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪ 922‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 960‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 793‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 769‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 95‬ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 690‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 79‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ‪139‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 457‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 81‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 825‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪ 56‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 232‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 92‬ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 49‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪810‬‬ ‫ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ 86‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 72‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻳــﺎ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻟﻐﻮ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪-‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪1404‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﺮﺳﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭ ﮔﻮ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻫﺪﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ‪ 12‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 14‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 6‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺒــﺮ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺳــﺖﻛﻢ‬ ‫‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 18‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﻴــﺰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺗــﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪ 25‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 16‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫)ﺍﻳــﺪﺭﻭ( ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ »ﺭﻭﺩﺭﻳﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳــﺎﻧﺘﻮﺱ« ﺳــﻔﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧــﻢ »ﺍﻳﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻻﻧﮕﻮ« ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫)ﺍﭘﻜــﺲ‪ (Apex -‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ »ﻛﺎﺭﻝ ﻓﺮﻧﺎﻧﺪﺯ ﺟﻮﻧــﺰ«‪ ،‬ﺍﭘﻜﺲ ﺩﺭ ‪ 70‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳــﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺑــﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻈﻤــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ )ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ( ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻴــﺖ ﺍﺭﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻔﻬــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻳﺤﺘــﺎﺝ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺒﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺼﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﺤﻈﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﺮﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﺴﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﺮﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؛ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻫﺠﺮﻯ ﺷﻤﺴﻰ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻠﻰ ﻃﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺸﺶ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺗﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻫﻢﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺸــﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ؟ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﭘﺲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻮﻗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﺑﻪﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﻚﺭﺳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺳﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﭘﻠﻪﭘﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻭﺍﺳــﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳــﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺋــﻮﺱ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﺮﻳــﺐ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳــﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻴﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ‪ 4‬ﻓﺮﻭﻧﺪ ‪ATR‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 4‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ‪ ATR‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﻌﺪﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺍﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ‪ 4‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ‪ 2‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ‪ 2‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪ ATR‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2017‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 7‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺪﻫــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺗﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪1390‬‬ ‫‪4‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪4‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴـﻦ ﺳـﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ -‬ﮔـﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌـﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜـﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻀـﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳـﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟـﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳـﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘـﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴـﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴـﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺴـﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺨﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳـﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻴـﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳـﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ‪4‬ﺳـﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫»ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤـﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﻫـﻪ ‪ «90‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷـﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 4‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧـﺎﻥ )ﻛﺎﺝ(‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺳـﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴـﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ )ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ( ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷـﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﺸـﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣـﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻌﻀـﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﭘﺮﺷـﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﺟﻤﻌﻴـﺖ ﻓﻌـﺎﻝ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳـﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪23‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪818‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1393‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪25‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪791‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺸـﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴـﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪37/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 93‬ﺑﻪ ‪39/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳـﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪1090‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷـﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻜـﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﻟـﺺ ‪616‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷـﻐﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴـﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷـﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷـﺪﻩ‪474 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌـﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓـﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪12/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑـﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟـﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺎﺑـﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷـﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺴـﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 1/4‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﺎﺷـﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪ ،1395‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴـﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴـﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺎﺑـﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻨﺜﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧـﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺳـﻨﻰ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 29‬ﺳـﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺴـﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪1/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺷـﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷـﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴـﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺟـﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻖ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻙﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳـﮋﻩ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧـﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸـﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫»ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸـﺘﺮ ﻣﻌﻄـﻮﻑ ﺑـﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧـﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬـﺪ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺳـﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳـﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠـﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠـﺎﺩ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻴـﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺷﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴـﺶﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺑﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺷـﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿـﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑـﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳـﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕـﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻻﻳﻪﻫـﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑـﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜـﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘـﻰ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴـﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩﻯ ‪ -‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ؛‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳـﺪﺍﺭ )ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﺳـﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺻـﺮﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻡ( ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳـﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺭﺳـﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴـﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺳـﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﻛﺴـﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫـﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠـﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳـﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺼﺎ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰﺷـﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﻫﻤـﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻋﻬـﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺴـﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﺳـﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ )ﻛﺎﺝ(‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫»ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ« ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻨﻰ ‪ 25-34‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ )ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ (1395/11/5‬ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴــﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺑﻨــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺭﺥ‬ ‫‪ 1395/11/5‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻣــﻮﺭﺥ ‪95/11/5‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ‪ 4‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻣﻨﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﻧــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪123‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻄﺢ ‪250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪50‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫‪5‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚﺳــﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﻣﺰﺩ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺳــﻴﺼﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫)‪ (310000‬ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻳﻜﺼﺪﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ‪ 160‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ )ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ( ﻭ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ‪4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫‪ 60‬ﻭ ‪ ،70‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ‪ 1395‬ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣــﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2014‬ﻭ ‪2016‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪24/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ‪18/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ‪4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ‪ 25‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ‪2‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻭﻟﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ »ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ« ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ 25‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺﺷﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﻳــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﻧﺪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ﻣﺸﺨﺺﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻛﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴـﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ :‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺤــﻮﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺍﻓـﺮﺍﺩ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺸـﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ )ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ(‪ ،‬ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ )ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺎﺷــﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ )ﺯﻳﺒﺎﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮ( ﻛــﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﻭﺳــﺎﻝ )ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ )ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ( ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 2000‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 31‬ﺷــﻬﺮ ‪ 31‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 1396‬ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪ 1397‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺙ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ »ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪ« ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،1395‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 14‬ﻭ ‪ 18‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ‪ 1396‬ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 12‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ )ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ(‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ« ﺫﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ »ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ« ﺫﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻜﺎﭘــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺸــﺎﺕ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻚ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺵ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪445‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ )ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪150‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،(96‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺒﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻛﻮﺭﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ )ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،(96‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳــﺘﻰ )ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،(96‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ )ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪60‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،(96‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ )ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪60‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ (96‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻙﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻼﺗﺼﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧﺰﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ »ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ« ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 71‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 6‬ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 14‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1396‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑــﻖ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫»ﺍﻋﻄــﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍ« ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻳﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻏﻴﺮﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺰﻳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻄــﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻮﺷــﺶ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻩﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ -‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺐ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﻟــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻓــﺎﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺷــﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻴﻒ ﺳﻨﻰ ‪ 20‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 29‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻧﺲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯﺷــﺪﻩ )ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻠﻪ( ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﺭﻙ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺸﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ -8 .‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ -9 .‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸــﺎ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺸﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ -10 .‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻣﺸﻮﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -11‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﻣﺸﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ‪50 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 14‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪-‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻖﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﭙﻮﺭ ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔــﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺣﻖﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺣﻖﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪ -‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 50‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 60‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﺩﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪91‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 91‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺳــﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،95‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 963‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﺑﺎ ‪ 1551‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‪ 91 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 163‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪،94‬‬ ‫‪ 129‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻮﺩﻯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺭﺍ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 611‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 523‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪343‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻮﺩﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 742‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 72‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪432 ،94‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 17 ،95‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 395‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 25‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪300‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 88‬ﻭ ‪ 98‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻮﺩﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 42‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ 120‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ‪97 ،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ‪143‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ‪ 83‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 42‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪92‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 922‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 960‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 793‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 769‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 95‬ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 690‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 79‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳــﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﺍﺭﺍﺿــﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 139‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 457‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 81‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 825‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓــﺎﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪ 56‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪ 232‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 92‬ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 49‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 810‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ 86‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 72‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻏﻴﺮﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻟﻐﻮ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻗــﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 83‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 42‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 120‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ‪ 97 ،‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ‪ 143‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 335‬ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 26‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺛﺎﺑــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺍ ‪178‬‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﻴﺒﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ‪ 111‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺷــﻤﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪ 42‬ﻣﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 188‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ‪ 723‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ‪ 55‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ »ﺗﺪﺑﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ« ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 113‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ؛ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻳــﺎ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳــﺶﻫﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺷــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺯﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑــﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳــﺶ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 7‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 8‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 88‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪4/2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪37‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪ 749‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺧﺒــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺋﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﺿﺎ ﻭ ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴــﺎﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻻﻧﺘﺎﻧﻴﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﻨﻴﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺷــﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻳﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭﺕ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻧﺴــﺎﺟﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﮕﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻡﺑﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒــﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪110‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫‪ 92‬ﺗﺎ ‪96‬؛ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﺮﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭙﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻮﻝ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺒﺎﺩﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺛﺮﻭﺕﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺘﺨــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺟــﺰﺍﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﮔــﺮﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻠــﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻟــﺖ ﺍﻳﺰﻭﻟﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨــﺪ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘــﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻼﺷﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺼــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪14‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳــﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻻﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪110‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 220‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ‪ B2C‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻓﻦ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﻳــﺲ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺁﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﻨﺒﺮﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ‪ B2C‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 8‬ﺗﺎ ‪9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪ B2C‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺷــﺮﺡ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺩﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ‪ B2C‬ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 220‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 90‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 31‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪ www.evand.com/techmart‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ‪ 021-76251153‬ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻃﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺰﺍﺩ ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 92‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪9‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪520‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺎ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 42‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 78‬ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻃﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺫﻫﻦ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﭘﻮﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﺁﻗﺎﻛﺜﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ »ﺁﺭﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ«‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 968‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ »ﺁﺭﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ« ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 37 ،1393‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 122 ،1394‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗــﻢ ‪10/7‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ‪ 23/8‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺯﻳــﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻇﺎﻟﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ‪ 6/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﺰﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫‪8‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ‪6/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪93‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ‪ ،95‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 540‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪-‬ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ‪326‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 496‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪179‬‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ‪ 80‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺭﺳﺮﺍﺟﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧــﻮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻼﻕ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﭘﻮﺷﺸــﻰ ﺫﺧﻴــﺮﻩ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺩﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺪﻋﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺳﺠﺎﺩﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺣﺠﻢﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺘــﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺷﺪ؛ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌــﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗــﻰ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘــﺎﻝ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻸﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﺑﻮﻡ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپ »ﺩﻣﻮ« ﺗــﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻦﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲ ﺩﺭﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ )‪ (ICT‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﺑﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁﭘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻮ )‪ ( Startup Demo‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 4‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺸﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻮﺗﻜﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ )‪ (ICT‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ‪ 25‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ‪ www.techmart.ir‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪ 1404‬ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻠﻮﺏ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻳﻜــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧــﻜﺎﺕ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﮔﻨﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻛﺒﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫‪ SWR‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،95‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳــﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫‪ ،SWR‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺛﺒﺖﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ( ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﻗﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻒ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪240‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪260‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﻢ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻓﺰﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘــﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 1404‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺎﻛﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒــﺮﺩﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺖﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﺳﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﺥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻗﻮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻚﺳــﺮﻯ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪ 1404‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺪ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺸﺖﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺷــﺪ؛ ﻛــﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺣــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ »ﻣﻬﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ«‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺯﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛـﺮﺩ ﻃـﺮﺡ »ﻣﻬﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺳـﺎﺧﺖ « ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻀﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻧﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ »ﻣﻬﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 121‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﺧﻴــﺺ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪» ‬ﻣﻬـﺮ ﻋـﺪﻡ ﺳـﺎﺧﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺒﻨــﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻳــﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺤﺖﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳـﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣـﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻃـﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺷـﺎﻣﻞ ﺳـﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪» ‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺳـﺎﺧﺖ« ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗـﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳـﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃـﺮﺡ ﻛﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳـﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﺪﻣـﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻠــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺟــﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛــﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻋﻤــﻮﻡ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺴــﺮﻯ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟــﺰﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺎﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴــﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷـﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫)ﻧﻪ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﮔﻤــﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺗــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫‪38/793/000‬‬ ‫‪42/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﻭﻟﺴﺘﺮ‪ 6 .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪42/680/000‬‬ ‫‪43/900/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/381/000‬‬ ‫‪31/900/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ‪.‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/330/000‬‬ ‫‪52/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪42/051/000‬‬ ‫‪43/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ ﺩﻯﺍﻡ ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/849/000‬‬ ‫‪38/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪124/507/000‬‬ ‫‪138/000/000‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪146/000/000‬‬ ‫‪161/258/000‬‬ ‫‪165/000/000‬‬ ‫‪193/000/000‬‬ ‫‪240/000/000‬‬ ‫‪84/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/981/000‬‬ ‫‪116/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪112/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪9‬‬ ‫‪146/981/000‬‬ ‫‪143/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪113/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪94/981/000‬‬ ‫‪91/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‬ ‫‪199/244/000‬‬ ‫‪203/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪19/314/000‬‬ ‫‪19/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪197/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪27/718/000‬‬ ‫‪27/400/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 204‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪+2017‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪220/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪65/990/000‬‬ ‫‪66/500/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪150/000/000‬‬ ‫‪144/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪91/078/000‬‬ ‫‪92/700/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪154/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 320‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪51/862/500‬‬ ‫‪54/300/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﺮﻭﻻ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺁﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪339/000/000‬‬ ‫‪360/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪54/346/000‬‬ ‫‪56/500/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﻤﺮﻯ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻜﺲﺍﻝﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪000/000/205‬‬ ‫‪207/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 17 1396‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 14 1438‬ﻣﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﺮﺳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺮﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺯﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛــﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺁﻥﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴــﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺢ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺪﺩ ﺍﻋﺼــﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣــﺮﺯ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻫﺮﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﮔﻮﻯ ﺳــﺒﻘﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﻗﺒــﺎ ﺑﺮﺑﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺸــﻪﻫﺎﻯ »ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ« ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺸــﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻼﺋــﻢ ﺻﻔﺤــﻪ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻭ ﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺴــﮕﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷـﻜﻞ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸـﻰ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻠـﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨـﮓ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳـﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺘﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻰﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻳﺎ ﭼﺮﺕ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺧﻢ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺍﺷــﺘﺮﺍﻙﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺖﻭﺁﻣﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻄﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﻟــﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺰﻳﻨــﺶ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺷﺨﺼﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴــﻠﻂ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻮﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟــﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﭘﻮﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗــﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻟﺴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺒﺮﺩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺖﻭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﺮﺩ ﺗﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼـﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳـﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫـﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﭘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﺮﻡ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻡ )‪(94-95‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ‪26‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2026‬ﻡ )‪ (1404-05‬ﺑﻪ ‪43‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 5/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭼﺮﻡ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2016‬ﺗﺎ ‪2026‬ﻡ )‪94-95‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪17 (1404-05‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗــﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2026‬ﻡ )‪ (1404-05‬ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﭼــﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 960‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪3/7‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2016‬ﺗﺎ ‪2026‬ﻡ‬ ‫)‪ 94-95‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ (1404-05‬ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺷــﺪﻯ ‪35‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺮﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﮔﻮﻯ ﺳــﺒﻘﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺎﭘــﻮﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻗﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺒﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﺴــﻪ ﻫــﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻛﺶ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﻰ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺸــﺖ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻧﺸﻴﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ‪ 4‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 5‬ﻧﻔﺮﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪Autonews, prnewswire :‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺴﮕﻴﺮ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﻧﻮﺋﻞ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻃﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪2/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺸــﻢ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﺎﻛــﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻟﻮﭘﻦ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﭘــﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟــﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﻋــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻴــﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣــﭗ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻟﻮﭘﻦ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻣﻠﻐﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﺤﻜﻢﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ‪-‬ﺳــﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﻻﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2015‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ ﮔﻮﺳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺪﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻟﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻣﺎﻛــﺮﻭﻥ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺗﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻳﺴــﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﻨﺪﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪» :‬ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻫﺎﻯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ «.‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ ﮔﻮﺳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴــﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒــﻪﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ «.‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺩﺍﻍ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧــﺪ ﺟﻨــﮓ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺑﺪ ﺯﺍﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺟﺎﻳﻰﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﺍﺯﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘــﺎﺭﺱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺲﻟﻴﻔﺖ )ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ( ﭘــﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻧﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﺪﻣﻰ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﻧﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺒﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﺮﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻫﮕﺬﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺣﺴﮕﺮﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻢﻛــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 5‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻘﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺟﻴﻮ ﻣﺎﺭﭼﻴﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺻﺮﻑﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺘﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺭﭼﻴﻮﻧﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻮﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴــﻠﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﭼﻴﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﻤﺮ ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﺎﺭﭼﻴﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴــﻠﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺭﭼﻴﻮﻧﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺟــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟــﻜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴــﻠﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺷــﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺷــﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭ ﻣﻰﭘﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩﺳﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﺍﺯﻳﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 113‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2086‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﻤﺖ‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 100‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﺳﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﻠﻜﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺑﮕﻮﻯ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺩﺭﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻼﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﭘﺰﺷﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌــﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ‪ 150‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﺑﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺑﻪ‪!...‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻰﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‪ -‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﭘﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻜﺲ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻜــﺲ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻈــﻪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺶ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺳــﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻋﻜﺲ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﺪﺍﻋﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻗــﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻟﻒ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮگ ﻣﻮﻟﻒ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﻩﮔﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﻣــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻜﺲﻫــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻰﺗﺤﺮﻛﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻨﺜﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﺸــﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺸــﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻥ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻋﻜﺲﻫﺎ ﺳﻮژﻩ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺜﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﻜﺲﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻮژﻩ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻋﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺷــﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪-‬ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺘﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣــﺰﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺖﻣﻴﺰﻧﺸﻴﻨﻰ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﻣــﺮگ ﻣﻮﻟﻒ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺘﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻜﻮﻫﺶ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻋﻜﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﻗﺪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﺐﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺰ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﻖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺧﻨﺜﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻂ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮژﻩ ﻫﺪﻑ )ﻣﺮﺩﻡ( ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺑــﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ‪ CDN‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗــﺮ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮﻳﻨــﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺩﻫﻨــﺪﻩ ‪ CDN‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮﻳﻨــﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﺎﺕ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊ ‪ DDoS‬ﻳﺎ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺳــﺮﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊ‬ ‫‪ DDoS‬ﺍﺯﻃﺮﻑ ﻫﻜﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 17‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺪﻭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 9‬ﺷﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ‬ ‫‪ CDN‬ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ »ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺗﺼــﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ‪ CDN‬ﺍﺑــﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺘــﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤــﺖ ﻭﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑــﻞ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﻤــﻼﺕ ‪ DDoS‬ﻳﺎ »ﻣﻨﻊ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊﺷــﺪﻩ« ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺳﺎﻳﺒﺮﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻪ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧــﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻟﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻭﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺁﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﻰ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳﺘﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻣﻨﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻬــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴــﻞ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒــﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ؛ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻖ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﺧﻂ ﺑﻄﻼﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨــﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﷲ ﻛﺎﻣﻜﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪﻛﺮﺝ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﻔﺘﮕﻰ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻣﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪ 537‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣــﻜﺎﺭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ‪ 505‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 505‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺮﺝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﭙﻮﺭﻛﺲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺝ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﻫﻴﭽــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻗﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺁﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺣﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1311‬ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻳﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻮﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺷﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ »ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ« ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺿــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﭘﺎﻳﻪ »ﻭﺍژﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺸــﻪﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫‪ «Barnhart Concise‬ﻭﺍژﻩ »ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗــﺮ« ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1646‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫)‪ 1025‬ﻩ‪.‬ﺵ( ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ »ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ« ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1897‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ )‪1276‬ﻩ‪.‬ﺵ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ »ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ« ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻠﻴﻚ ﺗﻮپﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺟﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ )ﺩﻫــﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻩ‪.‬ﺵ( ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﺶ )‪ (computing machine‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﭙﺲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗــﺮ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 1340‬ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍژﻩ‬ ‫»ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ« ﺩﺭ ‪2‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻫﻮﻳﺪﺍ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺵ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﻭﺍژﻩ »‪ ،«ordinateur‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫»ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ« ﻳﺎ »ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺗﺐﺳﺎﺯ« ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫»‪ «ordenador‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ‪ computadora‬ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰﻣﺂﺑﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻐﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭﺍژﻩ ‪ computador‬ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍژﻩ‬ ‫‪ computar‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ »ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ« ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍژﻩ »‪ «calcolatore‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﮕﺮﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺋﺪﻯ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫»‪ «dator‬ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ »‪) «data‬ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ( ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻨﻼﻧــﺪﻯ »‪ «tietokone‬ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ »ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ« ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺴﻠﻨﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫»‪ «tölva‬ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍژﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ »ﺯﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻮﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺷﮕﺮ«‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ »‪ «dian nao‬ﻳﺎ »ﻣﻐﺰ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ« ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﺑﻴﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯ )»‪.(«data processing machine‬‬

آخرین شماره های روزنامه گسترش صنعت

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 557

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 557

شماره : 557
تاریخ : 1397/10/12
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 556

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 556

شماره : 556
تاریخ : 1397/10/11
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 555

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 555

شماره : 555
تاریخ : 1397/10/10
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 554

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 554

شماره : 554
تاریخ : 1397/10/09
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 553

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 553

شماره : 553
تاریخ : 1397/10/06
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 552

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 552

شماره : 552
تاریخ : 1397/10/05
ثبت نشریه در مگ لند

شما صاحب نشریه هستید ؟

با عضویت در مگ لند امکانات متنوعی را در اختیار خواهید داشت
ثبت نام ناشر
لطفا کمی صبر کنید !!