روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 132 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 132

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 132

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 132

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2105‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪132‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫»ﺩﻯﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ« ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﺻﺤﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ »ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ« ﻭ »ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ«‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 13‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕــﻰ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻮﻳــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪6‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪4 .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺎ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻔﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﭘﺎ )ﺭﻳﻨﮓ( ﻭ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻨﺜﺎ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ‪ 60 ،490‬ﻭ ‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻟﻪﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪3‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‪ 360‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﻘﺮﻩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ‪ 32‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﺷﺪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ )ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ(‪ 94 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃــﻮﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‪28 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ‬ ‫‪62‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻟﻪﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻧــﺐ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻟﻪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 149‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 302‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 318‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺪﺭ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻜﻮﭘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺳــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺩﻳﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ‪ 00611‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻓﻴﺲ ﻟﻴﻔﺖ ﺗﻨﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺳــﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﭘﻼﺱ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻘﺸﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃــﻮﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 83‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ‪ 390‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 732‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ؛ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ‪ 3‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻣﺤــﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺒﻊﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺩﻭﻡ؛ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺳﻮﻡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺠﻴــﺮﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 600‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 15‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺩﻩ ‪ 2‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﻔﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨــﮓ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻟﻮﺣﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﭘــﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫»ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﭙﻮﺭ« ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﻭﻳــﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺗﺼﻴﻔﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪ 40‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ‪ 470‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺩﻓﻊ ﭘﺴــﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﭘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﭙــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻟﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺮﻣﺪﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﺳﻨﺞ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪80‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫‪ 35‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳــﭙﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪40‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﭙﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪ ‪ISO‬‬ ‫‪ 14001‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 14001 ISO‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻛﺎﺳﭙﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻳﻪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ‪13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﭙﻮﺭ ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪132‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪31‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻠﺰﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‪،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪1395‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ‪13‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪13‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗــﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪105‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ‪7‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﮔﻔﺖ‪50:‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪7‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪105‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪105‬ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺩﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪1395‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺮﺍﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ‪،‬ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺑﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬ﻣﻮﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 13 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 8 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 132‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2105‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻸ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴــﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻲ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪» .‬ﺩﻳﺰﺍﻳﻦ«‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﭙﻴﺮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻱ ﺑﺼﺮﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻲ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﭘﮋﻭﻫﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻲ ﻭﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﭘﮋﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒــﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﭘﮋﻭﻫــﺶ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﭘﮋﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺏ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭﺏ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﻭ ﻛﻠﻴﺸﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭﺏ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ )‪(UX Design‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﻮﻱ ‪ UX Design‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻱ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻳﻌﻨــﻲ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﭘﮋﻭﻫﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻏﻠــﺐ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺏ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭﺏ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻨﻲ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﻮﻳﺴــﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ »ﺗﺨﺼﺺﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ« ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ؛ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﻌﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺨﺸــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺣــﺚ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻰﻓﺎﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻇﻬــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳــﻚ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺲ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻌﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻴﻔــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﻘﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﺳــﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻘﺸﻪﻛﺶ؛ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻝ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨــﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺭﻳــﻖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ »ﺩﻯﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ« ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﺍﻛﺒــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﺻﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ »ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ« ﻭ‬ ‫»ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ« ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻔﻜـﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺷـﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ‪ 80‬ﻭ ‪90‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﺭﺷﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻔﻜـﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣـﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘـﻰ ﭼﮕﻮﻧـﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻜﻴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ؛ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻳﻚﺷﺒﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻼﻗﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺒــﻂ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻳﺪﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﻮﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰﻭﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺷــﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺸــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺪﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﻮﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺮﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺮﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺳــﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺳﻢ ﺯﺍﺭﻋﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻳﺪﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﻮﺣﻰ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓــﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﻓﺘﻮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ‪ 17‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﮔﻮﻧﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﻗﺪﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ »ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ« ﻭ »ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ« ﭼﻪ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳﻢ »ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ«‬ ‫ﻭ »ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ« ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ »ﺁﺭﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ« ﻭ »ﺩﻯﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃــﻮﻝ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫»ﺩﻯﺍﻧﺪﺩﻯ« ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﺍﻳــﻢ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﻃﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺷﺎﻟﻮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻓــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺗﻴــﻚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻳــﺎ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻣــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﭘﺎﺭﺗﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺳﺎژﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻔﺼﻠــﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﻜﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺭﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻜﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺩ ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ژﻟﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺦ ﺧﺮﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﻧﺎﻳﻠﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﻳﺦ ﺧﺮﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﺿﺨﻴﻢ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﺩﺭﮔﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺦﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻧﺴــﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺼــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺑﻰﺍﻃﻼﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﺘــﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺻــﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑــﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺧﺮﺍﺑﻰ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺱ ﺁﺏ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻳﺦﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﻧﺎﻳﻠﻮﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺣــﺎﻭﻯ ﻳﺦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﺿﺨﻴﻢ ﺑﭙﻮﺷــﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﺦ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺱ ﻳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﻫﺮ ‪ 5‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ؛ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﺦﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻟﺨﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺷــﻮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ‪ 30‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 2‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﺦﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺱ ﻳﺦﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﻳﺦ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﺧﻨﻚ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺳﺎژﻭﺭﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺎﺳﺎژﻭﺭ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﺿﻤﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 13 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 8 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 132‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2105‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﺭﻭﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥﺯﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻓﻴﻨﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺎ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻔﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﭘﺎ )ﺭﻳﻨﮓ( ﻭ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺩﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺁﻥ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﮔﺎﺭ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻏﻠﺘﺸﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻯﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺑﻦ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﺭﻭﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥﺯﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻓﻴﻨﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺭﻳﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺳــﺨﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﺧﻮﺍﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻏﻠﺘﺸﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺩﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﻭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺭﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﮔﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﻰﺳــﻰﺍﻯ‬ ‫)‪ (PCA‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻀﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫــﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺯﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﺐ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﻰﺳﻰﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪350‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪26‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﻰﺳــﻰﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻏﻠﺘﺸﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﻯﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺑﻦ )‪ (CO2‬ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺒﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺒﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﻔﺖ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣــﺪﺕ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻋﻤــﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 20‬ﺗــﺎ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺘﻰ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻛﺘﻮﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺿﻴــﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ‪ 70‬ﺗﺎ ‪80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ‪ 20‬ﺗــﺎ ‪23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﻗﺒــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺳــﺒﺰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺗﺎ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻻﺳــﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪38/793/000‬‬ ‫‪41/400/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﻭﻟﺴﺘﺮ‪ 6 .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪124/507/000‬‬ ‫‪138/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪42/680/000‬‬ ‫‪43/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪142/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/381/000‬‬ ‫‪32/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺍﺱ ﭘﻼﺱ‬ ‫‪161/258/000‬‬ ‫‪165/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/330/000‬‬ ‫‪52/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫‪190/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪42/051/000‬‬ ‫‪42/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ ﺩﻯﺍﻡ ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪235/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/849/000‬‬ ‫‪38/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪84/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/981/000‬‬ ‫‪115/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪111/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪10‬‬ ‫‪146/981/000‬‬ ‫‪143/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪111/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪94/981/000‬‬ ‫‪90/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﻴﻮ ﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪199/244/000‬‬ ‫‪203/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪19/314/000‬‬ ‫‪19/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪198/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪27/718/000‬‬ ‫‪27/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 2,4‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪223/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪65/990/000‬‬ ‫‪67/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪-2016‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﺍپ‬ ‫‪150/000/000‬‬ ‫‪144/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪91/078/000‬‬ ‫‪90/600/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪153/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 320‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪51/862/500‬‬ ‫‪53/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺗﻰ ‪ 200‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‪-‬ﺍﻑ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺕ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪398/000/000‬‬ ‫‪370/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪54/346/000‬‬ ‫‪56/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺍچ ‪ 200‬ﺳﻰﺗﻰ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪﻯ‪-‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪205/000/000‬‬ ‫‪207/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﻔﻰﻣﻨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻰ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﺍﻩ ﻧﺮﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻏﻔﻠــﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﺼــﺐ ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ‪ 16‬ﻗﻠﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓــﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ‪10‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺻﻨﻒ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻒﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 13‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 132‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2105‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ 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ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﻓﻐﻔﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺭﻭﺷﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 290‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ 4 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 827‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻐﻔﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ‪ 290‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻣﺤﻘــﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺡ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻛﻠﻴﻨﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕــﻰ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪ 16‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻃﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪10:‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻟﺴــﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﺮﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺎ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻦﻳﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻄﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫‪ www.behinyab.ir‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﺑﻨﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻳﺮﺍﺣﻤــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﺒــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜــﻰ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫‪30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﺿﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻠﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 650‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ 100 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼــﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﭼــﺎپ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺗﺴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻠــﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳــﻚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪SME‬ﻫﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻢﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻻﻳﺤﻪﺍﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﭙﻮﺭ ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻣﻌﻮﻕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬــﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ‪ 65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻧﺪﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪35‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻋﻤــﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺨﺒــﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺜﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻋﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﺎ ‪ 61‬ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

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