روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 140 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 140

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 140

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 140

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪140‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ‪64‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺑﻰﺛﻤﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ )ﺁﻧﻜﺘﺎﺩ( ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 371‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪64‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 18‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ﻣﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﺻﻨﻌﺖ«ﺍﺯﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﺟﺪﻯﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥﺩﺭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﻧﺸﺎﻥﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺫﻯﻧﻔﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻮﻯ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﻚ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 180‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 50‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪112‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪1704‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪ 3/6‬ﻭ ‪ 6/65‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺯﺭﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﺳﻴﺮ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺟﻠﻮﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﭘﻬﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻻﻟﻪ ﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺳﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﻼﺏ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺸــﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﻭ ﺯﺭﺧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﻌﻈﻢﻟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺜﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻴﺮﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ) ﻉ( ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪﻥ ﭼﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﺨﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺍﻛﺮﻡ)ﺹ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﻧﻴﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻧﻮ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻓﻘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﺷــﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﺑــﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺁﺧﺮﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺟﻠﻮﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﭘﻬﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺸــﻜﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﭼﻐﻨﺪﺭﻗﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻜﺮ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1970‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻨﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻜﺮﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ؛ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﺭﻳﻦ ﺫﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺫﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺑُﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻜﺮ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺷــﻜﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟــﺶ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﮔﺮﻭﻓﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ 2016‬ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﺎﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﻠﺐ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ ﺯﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺫ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ »ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ«‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ »ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ‪ 55‬ﺁﻧﺰﻳﻤﻰ« ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ ﺯﺭ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳــﻦ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ؛ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻘﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻰﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻏــﺬﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ ﺯﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻨﺎژ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺯﺭﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ‪ 11‬ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ »ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ‪ 55‬ﺁﻧﺰﻳﻤﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼــﺺ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘــﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻣﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ 11 ،‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻼﺕ ﺯﺭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ِ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﺪﺭﻯ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴــﻖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺘــﻮﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻴﺮ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺘــﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺫﻯﻧﻔــﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺭﺽ ﺍﻗﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻛﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻧﮓ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻳﻚﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﭼﻐﻨﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 95‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺷــﻜﺮ ﺷــﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺷــﻜﺮ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺫﻯﻧﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 16‬ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 7‬ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ‪40‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻫﺪﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺴﺎﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻣــﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ‪ NSG‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻁ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ‪ ) NSG‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ( ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﻗــﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﻋﻠﻴﺸﻴﺮﻯ‪،‬ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺴــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻭﺩﻩ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻓﻚ )ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ( ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ)ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ( ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 27‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ‪ 5+1‬ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪400‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 6/4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪55‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ‪64‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﻰ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺑﻰﺛﻤﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻞ )ﺁﻧﻜﺘﺎﺩ( ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺟــﺬﺏ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 371‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪64‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻛﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1395‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺑﻰﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺰﺍﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻰﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 6/4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪55‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻯ ‪ 94‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 14 ،95‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫)‪ (1395‬ﺣﺎﻛــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪371‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻣﻘﺪﺳﻰ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﻮﺏ ﺭﺍ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻴــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻳــﻒ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 74‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺑﺎ ‪ 62‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀــﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 8‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ‪ 8‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﻳﺘــﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺒﻮﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻏﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﻣﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻣﺒﻴﺎ ﻭ ﮔﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﺴــﺎﺋﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪94‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ‪ 7‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ژﺍﭘﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﻠﻮﺍﻛﻰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻛﺰﺍﻣﺒﻮﺭگ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻧﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﭼﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻭﺍﺳــﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﺒــﺎﻉ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻰﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 15‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ‪ 19‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻰﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨــﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪ 50‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪3‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻣﻘﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺬﺏﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ‪3‬ﻗﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﻮﺍﻯ ﺩﻓﺎﻋــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺜﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻠﺢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺗﻨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻨﺶ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺘــﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺪﺍﻝ ﻭ ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺳــﻨﺠﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺿــﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻰﺛﻤﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﭼﺸﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺨﻮﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺮﺷــﺠﺎﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺭﻓﺖﻭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫‪ 80‬ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 140‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺮﺷﺠﺎﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‪،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ‪ 80‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 400‬ﺑﺎﻧﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ‪ 700‬ﺑﺎﻧﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴــﻪ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴــﻖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ‪ 8‬ﺑﻨﺪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺸﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴــﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣــﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﻳــﺎﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻟــﻰ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻳﻜﺎﻳــﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﺬﻑ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﻞ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺴــﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 100‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﺗﺪﻭﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 3 ‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﻕﺻﺪﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻒ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪﻕﺻﺪﻗــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻨﺴــﺠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺨﺎﻃــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ‪ 400‬ﺑﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ‪ 8‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻳﭽﻬﺮ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 8‬ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﻧﺎﻣﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺱ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﻕﺻﺪﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻳﭽﻬﺮ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻳﺸﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺎﺟﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺷﻴﻢ ﺳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﭘﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 3‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺰﻳــﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪100‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﻳــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪60‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻼﻑ ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫــﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﮔــﺬﺭﺩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ؛ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻔــﺮ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪210‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 144‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻭ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺫﺍﻛﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻃﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺫﺍﻛﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﺎﻳــﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ 4 ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺫﺍﻛﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 500‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﻴﻦﻳﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖﻧــﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 360‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ‪ 86‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 270‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ‪ 221‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤــﺎ( ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ‪ 221‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟــﻰ ﺻﺤــﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1394‬ﻭ ‪ 1395‬ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺻﺤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ )ﺻﺤﺎ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ‪ 323‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ IT‬ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ 1394‬ﻭ ‪ 1395‬ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 130‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﺰﻭ ﺗﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 200‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤــﺎ( ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 778‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1394‬ﻭ ‪ 1395‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ )ﻓﻘﻂ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤــﺎﻥ( ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻘــﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪3‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 98‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪ 221‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‪2 ،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 1/5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،95‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺳﻬﻢ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻬﻢ ‪ 16‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺳﻬﻢ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺮﺑﺎﻗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟــﻮﺍﺏ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻭ ﻣﻘﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏــﺬ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎ ﺷــﻮﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺮﭘﺎ ﻧﮕﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺪﻭﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪ A4‬ﻭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻛﺲ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺵ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺻﺪﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭼﺸﻢﭘﻮﺷــﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﻏﻮﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻣﻼﻙ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺟﻮﻫﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻣﻰﻧﺸﻴﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗــﻰ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﭼﻮﺏ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﻮپﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﺏ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻼﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧــﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺯﻳــﻞ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﻨﮕﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺗﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺨﻴﺰﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮕﻞ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻧﻤﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﮕﻞ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺿﺮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻛﺸﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺷــﮕﺮﻓﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫»‪ «stonepaper‬ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺪﻳــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺷــﮕﻔﺖﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳــﺮﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻋﺼﺮﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺳﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺿﺪﺁﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﭘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻏﻮﻃﻪﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻏــﺬ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻼﺳــﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﺿﺪﺟﻮﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻓﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨــﮓ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺐﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻼﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻓﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺧﺸﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺐ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻣﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭼﺎپ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻴﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 104‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 73‬ﺗﺎ ‪93‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺼﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺸﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻧــﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1373-1393‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 104‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫»ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ« ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺤــﺚ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻉ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1373-1393‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪ 104‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 149‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ژﺍﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2001-2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ »ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ«‪» ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ )‪ (WIPO‬ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ«‪» ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ«‪» ،‬ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ«‪» ،‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ« ﻭ »ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺳﻂ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ« ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺭﻃﻮﺑﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﻴﺴــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﺷﺶﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ؛ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼــﺎﺭﻑ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻏــﺬ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻑﻫــﺎﻯ ﻳﻚﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀــﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰ ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻫﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻼﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏــﺬ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺫﺍﻛﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏــﺬ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﺴــﻴﻢ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﺑﻨﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﺴــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺫﺍﻛﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺳــﻨﮕﻰ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪164‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ‪ 18‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳــﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﻮﺩﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﻳــﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻸﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟــﻮﺍﺩ ﺁﺫﺭﻯﺟﻬﺮﻣــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﺳﺮﺷــﺎﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﺪ ﺳﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 25‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﻜﻴﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭﻳــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ‪ 22‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﻜﻴﺸــﻦ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻯﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻬﻨــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﺁﺫﺭﻯﺟﻬﺮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﭘــﺎ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ؛ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ« ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤــﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺴﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻴﻢ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﺏ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺝ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻮﻯ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗــﺖ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺁﺏ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻠﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﻚ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪112‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ‪ 180‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 50‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪112‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 1704‬ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪ 3/6‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 6/65‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺁﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫــﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪0/9‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫــﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ‪ 2‬ﺗــﺎ ‪2/5‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔــﺮﻡ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺧﺘــﻼﻑ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﺶ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺳــﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺭﻋﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺖﻭﺟﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 320 ‬ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ‪ 25‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻙ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ 68 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 275‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺨﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫‪215‬ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ‪ 60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪42‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪320‬ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﺝ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻭ ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺷﺴــﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺑﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﭘــﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒــﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﻚ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻮﻳﻴــﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﺑﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﺑﻔﺎﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻻﺩﻗﺒﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪9‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴــﻞ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺬﺍ ﻭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺸــﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺰﺍﻳﻨــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮ ﻛﻤﻴــﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺁﺏ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻚ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺧﺸﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﻮ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ ﺳــﻄﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﺖ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳــﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ 1383 – 92‬ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻨﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺮ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻌﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 97‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻰﺁﺑﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺧﺸﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺷــﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻴــﻢ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺁﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻔﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ‪ 5‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺣﻔﺮ ﭼﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺑﻔﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﻚ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 132‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ »ﺁﺏ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ«‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻙ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺴــﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ‪ 133‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪ 132‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻨﮕﻨﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴــﺺ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺷــﺖ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 600‬ﺩﺷﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ ﺁﺷــﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻴــﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻫﻜﺸــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴــﻒ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻫﻜﺸــﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻻﺩﻗﺒﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﻢﺁﺑــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ »ﺁﺏ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ« ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ؛ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 133‬ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺷــﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪ 132‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳــﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﺏ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓــﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑــﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻗﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺁﺏ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺸــﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻰﺛﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻘﺎﻳﻖ ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻬﻨﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 424‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 16‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪ 65‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺑﺮ‪16‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ‪84‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﺏ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 84‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺨﻴﺮ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 294‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 4‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ )ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﺒﺨﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺁﺏ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ‪ 31‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﻫــﺪﺭ ﺑــﺮﻭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻢﺁﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍﻫﺴــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻛﻠﻨﮓﺯﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎﺑﻴﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴــﺖ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ‪ 3‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻣﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛــﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴــﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻛﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻠﻨﮓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺳــﻬﻨﺪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ‪ 12‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺳــﻬﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 45‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺭﺥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺧــﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳــﺖ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ‪ -‬ﺍﻳﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﻮ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻠﻨﮓﺯﻧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﻣﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﻗﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ– ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻪﺑﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﻗﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ‪-‬ﮔﺮﮔﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺭﻭﺱ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﻳــﺎﺭ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﻗﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﺮﻣﺴــﺎﺭ‪-‬‬ ‫ﮔــﺮﮔﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﺍﻳﻨﭽــﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﻝ ‪ 430‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫‪1/2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺁﻥ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﻛﻢﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺭﻭﺳﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴــﺰﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺭﺳــﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠــﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻮء ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻰﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﻋﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺑﺴــﺘﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻜﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﻌﻘــﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻠﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﺖ ﺧﻄﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠــﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻑﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 91‬ﻭ ‪ 92‬ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺎﺑﺴﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺎﻏﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻜﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻃﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺟﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻇــﺮ ﺑــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪90‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪-‬ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋــﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻓﺮﻫﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ )ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ( ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳـﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳـﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸـﻬﺮ ﺳـﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺒـﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ »ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ« ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻑ ‪ 50-50‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻂ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﻟﻪ‪» ،‬ﺁﺗﻴﻠﻴﺘﻰ«‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ« ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﻭ ‪91‬‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻤﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺫﺍﺋﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﺍﭘﺎﺱ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺷـﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪97‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭼﻴﺴـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﺧﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺟﺰﻳﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻬﻢ ‪ 50-50‬ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘــﻪ ﺭﻳﻨــﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫)ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ( ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺁﺗﻴﻠﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﻟﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻻﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪200 ‬ﺣﻠﻘـﻪ ﺭﻳﻨـﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣـﻰ ﻛـﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻜــﺲ ‪) 200‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﻴﺒﺎ( ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑـﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧـﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧـﻞ‪ ،‬ﻛﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻃﻴﻒ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇــﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﮓﻓﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳـﺪ ‪ 2008‬ﻭ ‪ 208‬ﻭ ‪301‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 2008‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﮓﻓﻨــﮓ ﻛﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺍچ ‪ 30‬ﻛﺮﺍﺱ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﮔـﺮ ﺑـﻪ ﻧﻴـﺎﺯ ﺑـﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻋـﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺧـﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ‬ ‫ﺍُﺍﻯﺍﻡ)‪ ،(OEM‬ﺧﺪﻣـﺎﺕ ﭘـﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓـﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺍﺷـﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﺷـﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷـﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺧــﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘــﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴــﺶﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺘــﺎﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻠﺰﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪-‬ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺎ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳـﺎﺱ ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴـﺒﺖ ﺑـﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﺎﻧﻮﻭﺱ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺭﺯﻭﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺏﺍﻡﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺳﺪﺱ ﺑﻨﺰ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺭﺷﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ )ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﻫﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ )ﻓﻮﺭ ﺟﻰ( ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﻛﭽــﺮﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻛﺲ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺧﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧـﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭼـﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 300‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻗﺴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖﺗــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷـﺮﻛﺖ ﺳـﻮﻡ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺳــﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﻫــﺮ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪ -‬ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺎﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺳـﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨـﺪﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧـﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧـﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨـﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳـﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺳـﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻣﺸـﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ 3‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴــﻮﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻣﺸــﻬﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺍﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪90‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 23 1396‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪ 18 1438‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﺸﺎﻡﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻉ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏــﺎﻡ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴــﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 90‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻋﺘــﺮﺍﺽ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺭﺋﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘــﻮﻕ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﺸــﺎﻡﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻻﻳــﻞ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﻴــﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺳــﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪0/35‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻣﺒﺎﺣــﺚ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺪﺍﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺧﺎﻟــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻔــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺰﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘــﺰﺍﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﺸــﺎﻡﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﻏــﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 6‬ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺣــﺚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪6‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻴــﺐ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍﺣﺎﻓﻈﻰ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ‪97‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻯ ‪ 1397‬ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ‪83‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﺮﻩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﺑﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ‪52‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪ 83‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻫــﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ‪83‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖﺳﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳــﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻥ ‪ 52‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪ 52‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﺑﺨﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗــﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ‪ 83‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺧﺪﺍﺣﺎﻓﻈﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺖﺳــﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ ‪53‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺣــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﺑﺨــﺖ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ‪ 83‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺮﺍﻳــﺪ )ﺍﺯ ‪83‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪27‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ( ﺩﺭ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺗﺼﺪﻯﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻰﺷــﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﺪﻯﮔــﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺪﻯﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 6‬ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﺑــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻉ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 6‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﺪﻯﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻓــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﻓــﺎﻉ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺗﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻓــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺪﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻁ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻧﺎﻣﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻏﻮﻝ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺮﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﺮﺍﻛﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺮﻃﻰ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺗﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺕ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻯ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻁ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﮋﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﺶ )ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ( ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﺳــﻮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ )ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻓﻮﻟﻜــﺲ( ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺎﻛﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻳــﻚ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 50‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣــﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻫﻢﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻟﻜﻮﻣﻮﺗﻴﻮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؛ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺧﻸﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻳﻜﺠﺎ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻢﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻌﻨــﻰﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐﺗﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﺗﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 2500‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔــﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺯﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺍﻳــﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫــﻰ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﮕﻠــﻮ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻰﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻮﻛﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫــﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﻮﺭﺱ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺷﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 18‬ژﻭﺋﻦ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 140‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2113‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﻤﺖ‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺟﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻳﻢ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺰﺷﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮگ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﻠﺒﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺮﻭﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﺍﺽ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭژﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻮﺷــﻴﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﻴﺘﻮﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻳﻢ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﭘﺰﺷــﻚ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﻰﺳــﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻨﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺟﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻗﻠﺐ)ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻛﺎﺭﺩﻳﻮﮔﺮﺍﻑ(‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺳــﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﻨﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻳﻢ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻨﺠﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺰﺷــﻚ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺭﻫﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺨﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 75‬ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫»ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ«‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‬ ‫)‪ (WIPO‬ﺩﺭ ژﻧﻮ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ‪ «2017‬ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺟﺪﻭﻟﻰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﺎﻡ ‪ 127‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪32/09‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ )ﺍﺯ ‪ (100‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﻭﺍﻳﭙﻮ« ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ژﻧﻮ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺛﺒﺖﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪ 130‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺑﺎ ‪ 67 /69‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻼﻕﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺳــﻮﺋﺪ )‪ ،(63/82‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ )‪ ،(63/36‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ )‪ (61 /40‬ﻭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫)‪ (60/89‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺗﺎ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ 58 /39‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ )‪ (2016‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 25‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺍﻳﭙﻮ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻭﺍﻳﭙﻮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ )ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ ،(4‬ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ )‪ ،(7‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ )‪ ،(11‬ژﺍﭘﻦ )‪ ،(14‬ﻫﻨﮓﻛﻨﮓ‬ ‫)‪ ،(16‬ﺍﺳــﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ )‪ ،(17‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ )‪ ،(18‬ﻧﻴﻮﺯﻳﻠﻨﺪ )‪ ،(21‬ﭼﻴﻦ )‪ (22‬ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫)‪ (23‬ﻫﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 94‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 147‬ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺗﺒــﻪ ‪ 23‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﭽــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1348‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺨــﺶ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪8‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﻣﭙﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺒﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1355‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺖ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪335‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 397‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻰﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1393‬ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪921‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪59/8‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻨﭗ ﺑﺎﻛﺲ ﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﻨﭗ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻨﭗﺍﻛﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻨﭗﭘﻼﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﺳﻨﭗﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ »ﺍﺳﻨﭗﺑﺎﻛﺲ« ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺳــﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﺷﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻣﻨﺴــﺠﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﻨﭗﺑﺎﻛﺲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺑــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﻨﭗﺑﺎﻛﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﻨﭗ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻛﻠﻴــﻚ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺳﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 24‬ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪28/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪ 6/3‬ﻭ ‪5/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 23‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻜﺰﻳــﻚ‪ ،‬ژﺍﭘــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻠﻮﺍﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﻤـﺪﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨـﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳـﻮﻥ ﺩﻧﻴـﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺪﺍﻣﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 147‬ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﻠﻮﺍﻛﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻟﻬﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﭼﻚ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ 95‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪51/4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪0/000004‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺟــﺪﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ‪0/4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳــﻮﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 93‬ﻛﻪ ‪0/7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 591 ،1394‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮓﻛﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ؟‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪» .‬ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ« ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻻﺯﻡﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻘﻒ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻛﺴﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 36‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪60‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪18‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﻘﻒ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳﻘﻒ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻧﻘﻀــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺮﺍﺑﺤﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖﻭﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻣﺰﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻠــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻭ ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻧﻘﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ )ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ( ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ )ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ( ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫‪ 52‬ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‪ ،‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻭﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺴــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﻬﻨﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺷــﺎﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻜﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻴﻢ ﺯﺍﺭﻉ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﺘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻣﻘﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﻗﻠــﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺣﺼﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻗﺒﻮﺽ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﺰﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

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تاریخ : 1397/10/12
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 556

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 556

شماره : 556
تاریخ : 1397/10/11
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 555

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 555

شماره : 555
تاریخ : 1397/10/10
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 554

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 554

شماره : 554
تاریخ : 1397/10/09
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 553

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 553

شماره : 553
تاریخ : 1397/10/06
روزنامه گسترش صنعت 552

روزنامه گسترش صنعت 552

شماره : 552
تاریخ : 1397/10/05
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