روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 32 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 32

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 32

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 32

‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺿﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2005‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺩﻯ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺭﺑﻴﻊﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 17‬ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 16 32‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 2/5‬ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷﺒﻴﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦﻣﻌﻀﻞﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺭﺩﻭﺭﺯﺩﻥﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰﻭﻭﺟﻮﺩﺍﻣﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯﻃﻼﻳﻰﺑﺮﺍﻯﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﺩﺭﮔﻤﺮﻙﺍﺳﺖﻛﻪﺑﺎﻋﺚﺷﺪﻩﺭﻭﻧﺪﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕﺩﺭﻛﺸﻮﺭﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞﻭﺍﻳﻦﺍﻣﺮﺑﻪﺗﺠﺎﺭﺗﻰﭘﺮﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﭘﺎﻙ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻓﺴﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﺩﺭﺻﻨﻌﺖﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻴــﺐ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖﺗﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ )‪ (FDI‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻜﻰﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ )‪ (1394‬ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2020‬ﻡ‬ ‫)‪15 (1399‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻜﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳــﻞ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻡ )‪ (1394-95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ‪ 76/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ )‪ (BC‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ‪ 2/3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 900‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺠﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺯ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﻜﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻣﺠﺰﺍ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﻳﺘﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺳﻨﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪52‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ‪ 27‬ﺳﻨﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 11‬ﺳﻨﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪55‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ‪34‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 13‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺷــﻚ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺣﺮﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻇــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻰﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻰﺍﻧﻀﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﭼﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪ 28‬ﺩﻯ‪ 18 1395‬ﺭﺑﻴﻊﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 32‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2005‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺩﻭﺭﺯﺩﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺘﺮﺻﺪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻮﻙ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺬ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴــﺮ ﻫﺎﻣﻮﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻣﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺐ ﻭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻛــﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﺷــﺨﺎﺹ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 1395‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ 798‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﭘﺮﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻰﻛﻰﺩﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍژﻩ »ﺳﺎﻳﺮ« ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻮﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺳﻬﻢ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻫﻤ