روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 61 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 61

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 61

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 61

‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‪ 57‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 16 61‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﭘــﻰ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌــﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ »ﺻﺒﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻧﺰﺩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺪﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ«‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺻﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﮔﺎﻩ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮ ﻧﺸﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﻴﺘﺮ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻼﻳﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺳﻜﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪80‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻗﺮﻥ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺯ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺷــﺘﺒﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫‪16‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪80‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻗﺮﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺯ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰﺑﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺸــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤــﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤــﺎﻕ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺗﺒﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻃﻰ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺪﻯﮔﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠــﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺳــﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺍﻭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺳــﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ‪ -‬ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﻔﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫــﻦ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺼﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺑﻘﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻨﺎﻉ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻟﻄﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻭﺭﻳــﻞ )ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ( ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻮﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ »ﺍﺳــﺘﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻴــﻦ« ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ »ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ« ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺳــﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﭼﻮﻥ »ﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ ژﻭﺭﻧﺎﻝ« ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ »ﭼﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﺩﻳﻠﻰ« ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪» .‬ﮔﻴﻨﮓ ﺷﻮﺍﻧﮓ« ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻜﻦ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ »ﻳــﻮﺁﻥ« ﭘــﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﭘــﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻰ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﻳــﻮﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﭘﻴﺶﺗــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗــﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺮﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻜﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﺩﻳﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﻧﻮﻳﺴﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 15‬ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﺧﺪﺍﺭﺣﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻣــﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﺴﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻧﻔــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺭﻓﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﺷــﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﻰﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺿــﻊ ﺗﻨــﺪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻠﺘﻬــﺐ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺗﻨــﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺼﺮ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﻬــﺮﻭﺯ ﺧﺪﺍﺭﺣﻤــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﻢ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍﺭﺣﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻠــﺐ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺧﺒــﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﻛﻼﻥﺗﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻣﻰﭘﺬﻳــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﻛﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧــﻜﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻮﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺘــﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮﻯ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻋﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺼﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻴﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻊﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣــﺪﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﻛﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺴﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣــﻼﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺜﺒــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺗﺎﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﻳــﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﺎ ﻣــﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴــﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍﺭﺣﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔــﻰ ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻟﻮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳــﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻟﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺣﻞ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﺮﻑ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺗﺎﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﻬﺖ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﺮﺗﻨﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻴﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2050‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2050‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺗﺮ ﻫﺎﻭﺱ ﻛﻮﭘﺮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 32‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪ 32‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻗــﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺜﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺰﻭﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﻫﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻇﻬــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺰﻧﺲ ﺍﻳﻨﺴــﺎﻳﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺲ ﻭﺍﺗﺮ ﻫﺎﻭﺱ ﻛﻮﭘﺮﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ 58/499 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪ 44/128 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ 34/102 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‪ 10/502 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‪ 7/540 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ 7/131 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ‪ 6/863 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -8‬ژﺍﭘﻦ‪ 6/779 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ 6/138 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪ 5/369 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -11‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ 5/184 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -12‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ 4/705 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -13‬ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ‪ 4/694 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -14‬ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ‪ 4/348 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -15‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ 4/333 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -16‬ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ 4/236 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -17‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ 3/900 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -18‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ 3/539 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -19‬ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ‪ 3/334 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -20‬ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻡ‪ 3/176 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -21‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ 3/115 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -22‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ 3/1 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -23‬ﺑﻨﮕﻼﺩﺵ‪ 3/064 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -24‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ‪ 2/815 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -25‬ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ‪ 2/782 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -26‬ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ 2/732 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -27‬ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ 2/570 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -28‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ 2/564 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -29‬ﺁﺭژﺍﻧﺘﻴﻦ‪ 2/365 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -30‬ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ 2/103 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -31‬ﻛﻠﻤﺒﻴﺎ‪ 2/074 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫‪ -32‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ‪ 1/496 :‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﭼﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫‪ 57‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‪57‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺨــﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻼﻳﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗــﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺠﺎﻳﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺣﺎﺩﺛــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؟ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﻛﻮﻻﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 17‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫‪ HSEE‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﻮﺫ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻳﻖﻛــﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥﻛﺸﻰ ﻛــﻒ ﺟﺪﻭﻝﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻮﻯﻫــﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﻞﺁﺳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺼﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﺑﺨﻴﺰﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺒﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺷــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﻢﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺳﻴــﺲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺷﻤــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ‪7‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘــﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﻮﺫ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺒﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﺠﻔﻰﺳﻮﻻﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﻕ)ﻉ( ﻭ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﺤــﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 17‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ‪HSEE‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 17‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 550‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕــﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻮﺷﻬــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺻﻔﻮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺻــﻮﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻣــﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﺗﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺖ ﺟﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷﻬــﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺌــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺷﻬــﺮ‪ ،2‬ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺭﻳﮓ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺯﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻨﻪ ﮔﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ‪HSEE‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧــﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ‪ 1000‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺒــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪1/7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻔﻜﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪96‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 290‬ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻬﺎﺟــﺮﺕ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ‪1/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‪ 57‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑــﺮﺝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨــﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ 130 .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨــﮓ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﻠﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻠﻮﻟﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛــﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 230‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛــﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑــﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻥ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫‪1/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 57‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ‪ 8‬ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧــﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺪﻯﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺨﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛــﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﻏﻠﻂ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔــﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗــﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ‪ 15‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺴــﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ 3 :‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﭼﺮﻡﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻡ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺑﺮﻭﻯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒــﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻚﺷﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑــﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴــﻪ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤــﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕــﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺷﺒﻴﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺷﻤﺲﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﻤﺲﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺤــﻞ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜــﺎﺕ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻯﺑﺪﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﮔﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﮕﺮﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻔﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ « ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻗﺼﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺗــﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺼﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﺑﺨﻴــﺰﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷـﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴــﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺒــﺰ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧــﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﺎﻳﻖﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥﻛﺸﻰ ﻛﻒ ﺟﺪﻭﻝﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻮﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋــﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﻞﺁﺳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻳــﻢ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻮﻯﻫــﺎ ﻻﻳﺮﻭﺑﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻍﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺑــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺧﺒﺮﻩ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼـﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻳـﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳـﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﺑﺨﻴــﺰﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻔــﻮﺫ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻗﻨﺎﺕ ﺁﺏﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻳــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 50 ،20‬ﻳــﺎ ‪100‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺨﻤﻴــﻦ ﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻠــﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻍﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺳﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺍﻗﻠﻴــﻢ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﺒﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﺸﻜﺴــﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴـﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫــﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻧﺎﮔﻮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪ 12/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪12‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ‪ 5000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺸﻨﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 5000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺸﻨﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ‪ 3000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‪2000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ‪ 1200‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﺱ ‪ H‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ‪ 800‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﺱ ‪ F‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 2000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﭙﻨــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺘــﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺯﻳﻤﻨﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﻃﺮﺯﻃﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1400‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ )ﻫﻢﻣﺮﺯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺍﻕ( ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ )ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﺮ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺸــﻜﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺘﻰ ‪ 23‬ﻣﻴــﺪﺍﻥ )‪ 17‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﻯ( ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‪ 6 ،‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺸــﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 1380‬ﺷﻤﺴــﻰ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ« ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎ ﻣﺸــﺘﻤﻞ ﺑﺮ ‪13‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋــﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻨﻮﻥ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻨﻮﻥ )ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻪ( ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1975‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﭼﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺴﺨﻴﺮ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰ ﺷــﻞ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ ‪ 2010‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪210‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠــﻢ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪4‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻨﺪﺑﺎﺩ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻨﺪﺑﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1974‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭﺟﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 13‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻏﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯﺩﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1400‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺴﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ‪ 2000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ‪ 3000‬ﻣــﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻴﺎﻳــﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ‪3000‬‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻔﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2000‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 2000‬ﻣــﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ‪ 2/1‬ﺗﺎ ‪3/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ‪ 77‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ‪ 6‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺷــﺎﺋﺒﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻟﻐﻮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﺎ ‪4‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1392‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ‪838‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 574‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪810‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 204‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪44‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪528‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 492‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪838‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 574‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ ‪55‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪134‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 646‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪54‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺁﻥ )‪610‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 193‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪810‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪757‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 684‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻃﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪301‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 16‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻗﺴــﻄﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪822‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 584‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻯ )‪63‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪926‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪411‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪53‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1392‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪122‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪440‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪105‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪630‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ )‪86‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 120‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻨﮕﺮﻭﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ‪690‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳــﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪840‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪820‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺍﺻﻐﺮﻯﻣﻬﺮﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 10‬ﻭ ‪ 12‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻐﺮﻯﻣﻬﺮﺁﺑــﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﺠﺮ ‪80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪930‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪850‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﻧﺮﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1385‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1386‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1388‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﮔﻔﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻴﺰ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺁﺫﺭﻯﺯﺑﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧــﻢ‪ .‬ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺑــﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣــﻦ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘــﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺭﺳﻴﺪﺁﻗﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 12‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ «.‬ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻤــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎﻯ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ‪ «.‬ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﭘﻴﺪﺍﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺘﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﻭﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﻭﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕــﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻓﺨﺮﻳﻪﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺍﻳﺮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺑــﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪10‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﺳﺎﻟــﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﺎﺕ ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨــﮓ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺨﺮﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺍﻳﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ‪15‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺍﻳﺮ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳــﺦ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﻄﻒ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﭙﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺣﻖ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻧﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻫﺴﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺣــﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀــﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴــﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻀﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺳﭙﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﺎﻃﺒﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟــﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘــﺮﻡ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻐﺘﻨﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗــﺎ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻋﺒــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪ 12‬ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀــﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 1‬ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻣﺮﮔﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﻻ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‪ .‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﺩﺭﺩﻧــﺎﻙ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻟﻴﻨﮓ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻼﻙﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺨــﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻗﻠﻤــﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻼﻙﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 2‬ﻋﻠــﺖ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔــﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺣﺮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻔــﻆ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺳﻜﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ - 3‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺑﻌﺎﻟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫‪ - 4‬ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﻣﻬــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺰﺧــﺮﻑ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕﺗﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔــﺎﻩ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻼﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 5‬ﻋﻠــﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫‪ - 6‬ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺰﺏﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫‪ - 7‬ﻋﻠــﺖ ﻋــﺪﻡ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫‪ - 8‬ﭼــﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﺁﻧﺘﻮﻧﻮﻑ ‪ 149‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﻃﺒﺲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ - 9‬ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﻣﺮﮔﺒﺎﺭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﭼﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ - 10‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﺘــﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻛــﺐ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﻮﺱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﭼﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ - 11‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻧﺤﻰ ﭼــﻮﻥ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺁﻧﺘﻮﻧﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄــﺎﺭ ﺳﻤﻨــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻣــﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻧﺤﻪ ﺁﻧﺘﻮﻧﻮﻑ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ - 12‬ﻛﺮﻳﺪﻭﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺩ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀــﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿــﺎ ﺭﺣﻴﻤــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﻄﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 60‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 223‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀــﺎﺡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘــﺪﻡ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺤﻦ ﻋﻠﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 700‬ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﻯ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗــﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 569‬ﻟﻜﻮﻣﻮﺗﻴﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 702‬ﻟﻜﻮﻣﻮﺗﻴﻮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﻤﺴﻮﻳﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻮﻧــﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ‪ 4900‬ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﻦﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ‪ 2/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄــﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺍﻟﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﻗﻢ ‪ -‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﻣﺸﻬــﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻣﻀــﺎ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻝ ﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﻳــﻞ ﺳﻴﺮﺟﺎﻥ ‪ -‬ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳــﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﻛﺮﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻘﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﻬﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ -‬ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺴــﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺣﻀــﺮﺕ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻄــﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺪ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠــﻮﺏ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 17‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪17‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ‪ 110‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 81‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓــﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﺮﻡﺁﺑــﺎﺩ ‪ -‬ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 6‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ‪ 96‬ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ‪ 16‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻮﻧــﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ 16‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻫﻴﭻﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻰﭘﻮﻟــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻜﺴﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ‪ 8‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳــﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺁﺳﻔﺎﻟﺖﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 9‬ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﻮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 60‬ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ‪ 9‬ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 9‬ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻧﺎﻭﮔــﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻮﻧــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ 16 :‬ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺷــﺎﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘــﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺝ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ‬ ‫‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﺮﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪ 13‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 40‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺧﻂ ﺭﻳﻞ ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺸﻬﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ 200 .‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠــﻮﻯ ﻣﻴﺰ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺸﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺗﻤﻠﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺷــﻚ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺋﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻻﻳﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﭼﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻴﻢ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻯﺗﻰﺁﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻫﻢ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻯﺗــﻰﺁﺭ ﮔﻔﺘﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺲ ﺣﻖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺰ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺛــﻮﻕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﻁ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﮔﻨﺪﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺍﺳﻄــﻪﺍﻯ ﺣﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺮﺍﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺘﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺧــﻼﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻜﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺮ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﭻ ﭼﻤﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻔــﺎﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻴﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﻜﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻟــﻪﺍﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳــﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﻜﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ‪ 3‬ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 27‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺟﻨــﮓ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﻛﺸﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻐﺮﻭﻗﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻨــﺪﺭ ﻭ ﺁﺑﺮﺍﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ 960 .‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ‪ 176‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 74‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓــﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﺘﻨﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻋﺒــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺑﻘﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪www.Sanatdaily.com - http://Telegram.me/sanatdaily‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ ‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪200‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻣــﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺧﻸ ﻭ ﺷﻜﺎﻑ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﺮ ‪96‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﻮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭﺳﻮﺳﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﻘﺎﻁ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻘــﺎﻁ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﭘﻼﻙ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ )ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ( ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﺠﻴﻞ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮ ﻧﺎﺟﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻝ ‪ 1354‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 1364‬ﺷﻤﺴﻰ )ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ(‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻼﻋﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟــﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻭﻁ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻜﻤﻴــﻞ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘــﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﻡ ‪50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪5‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ ‪14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ‪10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘــﺎﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧــﺎﻡ ﻧﺒﺎﻳــﺪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻐــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﻖﺍﻟﺰﺣﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1385‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪930‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪226‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﺨﺼــﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻭﮔــﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺯﺍ ﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺤﺒــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻭﭘﻞ ﻭ ﻭﻛﺲ ﻫﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋــﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﭘﻞ ﻭ ﻭﻛﺲﻫﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺯ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﻨﺸﻴﺎﻝﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﻙ ﻛﻼﺭﻙ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺑﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ژﺍﭘﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻛﻼﺭﻙ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋــﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈــﺮﻯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋــﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘــﺎﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺎﻟﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﮕﻼ ﻣﺮﻛﻞ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺭﺍﻋﻈﻢ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺍﻭﭘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕــﻮﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ ﺗﺎﻭﺍﺭﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘــﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗــﺮﺯﺍ ﻣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻣــﺎﺕ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﻭ ﺩﻯﺍﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻭﭘﻞ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑــﺎﺯﻭﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋــﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 38‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ‪ 4500‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ )ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺲﻫﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﺁﮔــﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻫــﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺪﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫــﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻋــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳــﺞ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺭﺗﺒــﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺒﺮﻳــﺰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻜــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻟ ِﻴﺒﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘــﺎ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺪﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺫﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺩﺭﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘــﺮﺱ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،1404‬ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘــﺮﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺱﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ »ﺳﻰﻛــﻰﺩﻯ« ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﻣﺘﺼﻮﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳــﻚ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘــﺮﺱ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﻤﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻋــﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺍﺩﻏــﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﭘﺮﺱ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻘﺘﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕــﺮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻋﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ 60 ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻜــﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨــﺺ ﻭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ ‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﺮ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ‪ 46‬ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ‪ -‬ﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﺒﺮﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺧﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ -‬ﻗﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛــﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 300‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻨﺘﻘــﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷـﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺁﺏﻭﻫﻮﺍﻳـﻰ ﺩﻟﻴـﻞ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻚ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻬﺎﻣــﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻳــﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺎﻭﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻙﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺎﻙﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺮﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﻜــﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﻔﺎﻟﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺁﺏﻭﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ 4 :‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻌــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺘﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﭘﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻠﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺒﻴﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺐﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺴﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮕﻼﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴــﻚ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻴﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻠﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌـﺖ ﺧـﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺷﺎﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘــﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺟﻠﻮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳــﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺻــﺮﻑ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣــﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺷــﺎﺩ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1393‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﺟــﺰﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳــﻞ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺁﺯﻣــﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻄــﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝ ‪ ،96‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻓﻌــﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴــﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫــﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﻛــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻇــﻢ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯﻧﻴﻜﺨﻮﺍﻩ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺗﻴﭗ‪ 2‬ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 400‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 500‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻼﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 2 -3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﮔﻨﺠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪ SWR‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ‪ SWR‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻣﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﻨﺠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺋﻮﭼﻮ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﺋﻮﭼﻮ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 100‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 130‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 200‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻨﺠﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 17‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻰ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ؟ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺧﻸ ﻭ ﺷﻜﺎﻑ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 600‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴــﻞ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻌﻄﻴــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺟــﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺜﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻫــﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﺪﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ ﺁﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ؟ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻫــﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؛‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 1404‬ﺑﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻭ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‪3 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻖ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺽ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕــﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻰ ﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻧﺎﺑﺴﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺗﺒــﻊ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺳﺖﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺻــﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ‪18‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ( ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﻭ ‪ 130‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿــﻮﻯ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ‪ 800‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻮﻳﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳــﻢ ﺁﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪15‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻜﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴــﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﺸــﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﻜﺼﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻜﺼــﺪ ﻭ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺳﺨﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﻬﻮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳــﻰ ﺻﺪﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﻭﻟﺴﺘﺮ‪ 6 .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪124/507/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58201‬‬ ‫‪37/955/000‬‬ ‫‪39/900/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪42/549/000‬‬ ‫‪43/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪187/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪30/873/000‬‬ ‫‪32/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ‪.‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪127/000/000‬‬ ‫‪152/000/000‬‬ ‫‪45/330/000‬‬ ‫‪51/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪189/554/000‬‬ ‫‪196/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪41/920/000‬‬ ‫‪45/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ ﺩﻯﺍﻡ ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪237/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪37/388/000‬‬ ‫‪37/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪86/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/900/000‬‬ ‫‪116/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪107/129/000‬‬ ‫‪109/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪9‬‬ ‫‪135/388/000‬‬ ‫‪140/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫‪107/127/000‬‬ ‫‪108/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪79/055/000‬‬ ‫‪83/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‬ ‫‪189/000/000‬‬ ‫‪196/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪18/696/000‬‬ ‫‪18/400/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫‪204/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪27/606/000‬‬ ‫‪28/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 204‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪+2017‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫‪245/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪64/026/000‬‬ ‫‪66/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫‪115/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪90/966/000‬‬ ‫‪88/500/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫‪114/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 320‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪51/003/500‬‬ ‫‪52/300/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﺮﻭﻻ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺁﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪156/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪54/233/000‬‬ ‫‪55/700/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﻛﻤﺮﻯ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻜﺲﺍﻝﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪216/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺷــﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﭼــﺎﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟــﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻛﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﺟﻨﺎﺱ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟــﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﺮﺯﺑﺎﻥﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠــﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺤﻘــﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛــﺪ ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯﺑﺎﻥﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻭ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﺮﺷﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨــﮓ ‪ Boeing‬ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﻓﻀﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ A‬ﺗﺎ ‪ Z‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﻓﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﻣﻠﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪1916‬ﻡ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻭﻳﻠﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺳــﻴﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺷــﻴﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2011‬ﻡ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺟﻨﮕﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ )ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻛﻬﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻴﻦ( ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪150‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﻮﺍﻓﻀــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷــﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻨﮕﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻠﻰﻛﻮﭘﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩﺑﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺐ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺷــﻚ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻜﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﺎﺱ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﻴــﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ »ﺍﺳﭙﻴﺲ ﺍﻛﺲ« ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻼﻥ ﻣﺎﺳﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨــﮓ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔــﻰ ﺩﺭﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤــﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪Spirit‬‬ ‫‪ AeroSystems Holding‬ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ )ﻟﻴﺴــﺎﻧﺲ( ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﻻﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻻﻳﻦﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2025‬ﻡ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪15‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻼ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﺶ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺭژﻩ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻜــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺳﻰﺑﻠﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭژﻩ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫــﻢ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭژﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻴﻨﺲ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ‪145‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﺱ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻢ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭژﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻴﺪ ﭘــﺎﻙ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻼ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﺪﻝ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪330‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪15‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 2030‬ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺴــﻼ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻃﻨﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻋﺼﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩﺍﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻋﺠﻠﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺑﺮگ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳــﺮﻋﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﺍ ﻫﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ‪ 17‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ‪ 200‬ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺮ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻟﻰ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻟﻰ ﻛﺮﺍﺱ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺭﺩﺑﻮﻝ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2018‬ﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻧﻮﻳﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺍﺏﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺼﺪ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺵﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻟــﻰ ﻛــﺮﺍﺱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻮﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺑﺎﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻫﻮﻧﺪﺍ ﻛﻤﭙﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﺍﻟﻰﻛﺮﺍﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ »ﻓﻴﺎ« ﺳﺮﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻝ ﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2014‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭگ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻳﺦﺷﻜﻦ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﭘﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻠــﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﺦﺷــﻜﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﺎﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻴﺸــﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﺸــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺦﺯﺩﻥ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻧﻨــﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰﻛﻪ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺟﻬﺖﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﻴﺸــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﻳﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻻﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺸــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻤﻴﻨﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ‪ 400‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 500‬ﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺦﺷﻜﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻭﻥ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﻧﻮﺭﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻨﻚﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻳﺲﭘﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺗﺎپﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻴﭗﺁﻯ )‪(Beepi‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ 42 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺸﺮ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻁ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺳﻜﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻑ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﺭﻧﮓﺷــﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵﺷــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻫﻮﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﮕﻰ« ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻼﻥ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻴﻠــﻰ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﻛﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺨﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ‪ 4‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺁﻧﻼﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺪﻑﺷﺎﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮔﺮﻡ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪850‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮﻯ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﮔﻠﺪﻣﻦﺳﺎﻛﺲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﻒ ﺑﺮﺩﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳــﻊ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭﺳﻮﺳﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻮ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺯﻳــﻊ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻣــﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ »ﭘﻰ‪2‬ﭘﻰ« ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻫــﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻳــﻚ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﻗﻴﻘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳــﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻫﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ‬ ‫‪ Northcoast‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﺮﺩﻩﻓﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡﻫﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻼﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻟﻤﺲ ﻭ ﺣــﺲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺮﻳﺲﭘﻞ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻴﭗﺁﻯ‬ ‫)‪ (Beepi‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ 42 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻗﺸﺮ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻁ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ 82 .‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪ 18‬ﺗﺎ ‪32‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ‪65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪ 55‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴــﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻫــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷــﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﺮ ﻭ ﻛﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻜﺲ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪160‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﺵ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﭼــﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﻮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻼﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻀﺎﭘﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻏﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫)‪8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﭘﻮﻧﺪ( ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪ Cycler‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺪﻋﻰﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻳﺦ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ Cycler‬ﺯﺍﻳﻴــﺪﻩ ﺍﻓــﻜﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﻟــﺰ ﺑﻤﺒﺎﺭﺩﻳــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﺠﻴﻦﺍﻛﺘﻴــﻮ‬ ‫)‪ (Imaginactive‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺸــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻤﺒﺎﺭﺩﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻓﻀﺎﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ‪ Cycler‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻣﺎژﻭﻻﺭ)ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺨﺶ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﻭ ﺍﺳﭙﻴﺲ ﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺎژﻭﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﺭﻡ ﺷﻮﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻰ‪330‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 4‬ﻓﻀﺎﻧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮﻯ ‪6‬ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺭﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺎژﻭﻝ)ﺑﺨﺶ( ﺑﻰ‪ 330‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺑﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎژﻭﻝ ﻭﺳــﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻏﺬﺍﺧﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎژﻭﻝ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ‪30/5‬ﻣﺘﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎژﻭﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻡﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻟﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺴــﻮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺍﻧﺎ)‪،(Carvana‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯﺭﻭﻡ)‪ ،(Vroom‬ﺑﻴﭗﺁﻯ )‪ (Beepi‬ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻔﺖ‬ ‫)‪ (Shift‬ﺩﺭﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺑﻜﺸﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺍﻧﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪450‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺍﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻯﺭﻭﻡ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪150‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﭗﺁﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪75‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻴﻔﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ (94-95) 2016‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ‪ 1702‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻧﻔﺮﺍﻧﺴﻴﺴــﻜﻮ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 6‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﻝﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺸــﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣــﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﻡﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪Bloomberg، Autonews :‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻋﺼﺮﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺘــﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺱﻳﻮﻭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻰ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2017‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪2/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺗﻨﺰﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺎﺕﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴــﻠﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻡ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ‪4/6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺗﻨﺰﻝ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪4/9‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﮋﺩﻩ ﭘﻮﺭﺯﻛﻰ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﺧﺒﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧــﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﮋﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻨﺪ »ﻕ« ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 120‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1392‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣــﺎﻝ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑـﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳـﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺳــﻢ ﺟﺎﺩﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﺭ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺸــﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﺷــﻤﺲﺧﺮﻡﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻟﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻣﺸــﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯﻧﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 96‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﮕﻮﺩﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻴﮕﻮﺩﺭﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻟﻰﺍﷲ ﻣﻴﺮﺯﺍﻳﻰﺍﺻﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 75‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤــﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 45‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﮕﻮﺩﺭﺯ ‪ 386‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ‪ 138‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻓﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﮕﻮﺩﺭﺯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺨﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻠﻨﮓﺯﻧﻰ ﺧﻂ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺸﻬﺮ‪-‬ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻨــﮓ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺸــﻬﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺰﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 300‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻭﺳــﻂ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 300‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 300‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺍﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﻓﻴﻞ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ‪ 60‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪323 ‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻓﺠــﺮ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ‪ 323 ،‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 550‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻏﻼﻣﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻩﺑﻨﺪ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ‪ 88‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪ 670‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ‪235‬ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺎ ‪880‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺧﻂ ‪ 24‬ﺍﻳﻨﭻ ﻣﺘﺎﻧﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﻭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﻝ ‪ 17‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ‪8‬ﺍﻳﻨﭻ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺷــﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﻝ ‪ 20‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 16‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻨﮓ ﺍﺭﻡ ﺩﺷﺘﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪76 ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ‪156 ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﺮﻏﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﺴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 900‬ﺑﻪ ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪ 79‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ‪74‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪158‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ‪124‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 29‬ﺑﻪ ‪34‬ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 104‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 310‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫‪98‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ‪82‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ‪54‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪135‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ‪ 150‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪142‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪176‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺯﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﺮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ‪ 480‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﺑﻴﺎﻥﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻣﺸﻜﻞﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﺗــﺎ ﺟﻌﺒﻪﺩﻧﺪﻩ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺸﻜﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖﺳــﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺁﺫﺭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺒﻬﻪ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻛﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷﺪﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺤﻠﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺒﺦ ﻏــﺬﺍ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﺦﺯﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ‪ 389‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻗﺰﻭﻳــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ‪ 389‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 944‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞﻣﻔﺮﺩ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 52‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ ‪ 337‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 690‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻢ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ‪ 72‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺩﺕ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 48‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ 66 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 850‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻨﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻯ ‪18‬ﺗﺎ‪ 21‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻴﮕﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷــﻴﺪﻥ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻴﻬﻦ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ‪3 ،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺪﻭﺭﻧﻴــﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﻠﺪﻳﺲ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﻏﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﭙــﻮﺕ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﺿــﺎ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﭙﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‪ -‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﺗﻠﻨﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻭژﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻘﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﻞ »ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ« ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﮕــﺮﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ »ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻣﺤﻮﺭ« ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﭘﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭ ﻳﺎ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 20‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺟﺰ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 4/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﺎﻫﺸﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﺎﻫﺸــﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳــﻴﻤﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪﻯﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫‪7‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ‪5/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺸــﻬﺮ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪26/3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ 31/8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻯﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ‪70‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪5‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺸــﻬﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧــﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺸــﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺸﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖﻋﻠﻢﻭﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ »ﺻﺒﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑﻰﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻧﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺪﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ«‪ ،‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ ﺭﻧﺞﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﺪﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺒﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑﻰﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻧﺰﺩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺻﺒــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺭﻧﺞ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺗــﺪﺍﺭﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫــﺎ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺯﻛﺎﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺑــﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻗﻄﻊ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺏﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻣﺤﺾ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﺭﺳــﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺞ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻫﻤــﺪﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺭﻧﺞﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺎﺳﮕﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺻﺒﻮﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔــﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻞ ﺭﻳﺸــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺟــﺰﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻃﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﻃﺮﺯﻃﻠﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ‪ 62‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﻪﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ‪ 25‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫــﻰ ‪100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺯﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 34‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻃﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ‪ 80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻣﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 12/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺒﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﺒﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖﺑﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻮﺭﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﻣﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺤﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﻨﺠﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﻻﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺖﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﻠﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻏﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ )ﺑﻪﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻫﺮﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ( ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻛﻼﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺸﻢ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 20‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪5‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 68‬ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 7/6‬ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫـﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧـﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃـﻖ ﻭﻳـﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪7/6‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪12/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺧــﺬ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﺮﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻳﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺟــﺰﻭ ﺍﻣﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧــﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺛﺒــﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧــﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻓــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷــﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﻰﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﮕﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻣــﺮﻩ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺒﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺑﺮ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﺘﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﭼﻴﺖﭼﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻭﻏﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻃﻮﺑﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺷﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺴﺖﻭﺷﻮﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ‪ 80‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 1600‬ﺩﻛﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﮔﻰ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺖﭼﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺳــﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳــﺪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺑﺮ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﺘﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﭼﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺗﻴﺘــﺮ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻟــﺰﻭﻡ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺨﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﮔﺎﻩ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻼﻳــﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺤﻴــﺢ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻛﺠﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴــﺮﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﻛــﻮﻻﻙ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺴﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺻﻔﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻢﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻜــﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛــﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺭﺥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔــﻰ ﻭ ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻨﻰﮔﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺁﺏﮔﺮﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﻮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﺎﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺑﺎﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﻘــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﻨﻰﮔﺮﺩ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺳــﻮﺥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺧــﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻰﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺻﻔﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺟﺮﺟﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 8‬ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺪﻭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺮﻩ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺷﻔﻴﻊﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﺕﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻬﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯﻯﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻟﻔﻆ ﺿﺪﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﻞ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻔﻮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﻳﺨﺒﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺧﻄﻪ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻳﻚﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻯﺗﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺳــﺨﻦ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻧﻈــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺩﺑﻴﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﻗﻔــﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺟﺮﺟﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ HSEE‬ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺗﺸــﻨﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺟﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﻼﻳﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺪ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿــﺎ ﺷــﻔﻴﻊﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﺤﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺏﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺦﺯﺩﮔﻰ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﻓﻴﺾﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺎﻳــﻦ ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺳــﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﻓﻴــﺾﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫‪ HSEE‬ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻑﺭﻭﺑﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮ ﻧﺸﻮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸــﻢ ﻣﻰﺧــﻮﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻧﮕــﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﻓﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻗﻮﻯﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻧﮕــﺮ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻟﻔــﻆ »ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ« ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﺎﮔﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ؛ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1923‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨــﺖ ژﺍﭘــﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‪ .‬ژﺍﭘﻨﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﺒــﺮﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻮﻛﻴــﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﻮﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1330‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﻋﻜﺎﺷﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻟﺰﻟــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ‪7‬‬ ‫ﭘﺪﺭﻋﻠﻢ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫‪ 45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ؟ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺳــﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻼﻯ ﺁﺳــﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ؟ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻜﺸﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻏﺎﻓﻠﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1348‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﺭﻭﻯ ﮔﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻡ‪ 83 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‪ 16 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣﺸﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﻞﻫﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪﺧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪﺧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ‪ 75‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﺎﻗﻼﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﺒﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻝ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ؛ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻼﻳﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳــﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺷــﻴﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻘــﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻓــﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﮕﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺣــﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫــﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺰﻯﭘﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻔﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫــﻰ ﺗﻴﻼﭘﻴﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﺗﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﻚﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﺪ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷــﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷــﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻨﻰ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧــﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺷــﺎﺧﻪ ﻧﻴﺸــﻜﺮ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯﺷــﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴــﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺵﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺸــﺨﻮﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺷــﺎﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺸﻜﺮ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻰﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺭﺗﺒــﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺗﻀــﻰ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻯﻓﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺷــﺎﺧﻪ ﻧﻴﺸﻜﺮ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺧﺸﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻮﻓﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺧﺸﻜﺴﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻣﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺷــﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﺠﻢ ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺴــﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻭ ﺟﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻕ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻢ؛ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﮔﻮﺍﻫــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻋﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻏﻴﺮﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺑﺰﻯﭘﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣــﺎﻝ ﺻﻴﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻴﮕﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﻞﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺑﺰﻯﭘﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﺑﺰﻯﭘﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﺁﺑــﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﻮﺭﺑﺎﻏــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻭﻛﻮﺩﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﻑ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴــﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﻨﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺗﻮﺍﻡ ﻣﻴﮕﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻴــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸــﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻼﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻧﺪﻩﺑﻮﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ 24 :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﻩﺑــﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧــﻪ ‪ 270‬ﺗﻦ ﺁﺑﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ‪8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺁﺑﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺮﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺒـﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﺷـﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌـﺖ ﻓـﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 200‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻧﻴــﻚ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻮ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺁﺑﺰﻯﭘــﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴــﺐ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻣﻴﻼﺗﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳﻮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗــﻰ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﺎﻭﺭ ﻏﻠﻂ ﺭﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﺶ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻬﻢﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨــﺪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ‪ 17‬ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 90‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻣﻴﻼﺗﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺘﻰ ‪200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻓــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 32‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻧﺲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻣﻴﻼﺗﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺑﻰﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺮﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻣﭙﺰﺷﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺩﻳﻌﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 100‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﻛﻢ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﻣﭙﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺘﻀﺎﺩ ﺁﻥﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻧﺪﻩﺑﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺑﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺭﺿﺎﻳــﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺿﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺻﻨــﻒ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻔــﻆ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻓﻌــﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﻛــﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺷــﻰ ﻳﻚﺳــﻮﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻻﻻﻥ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻻﻻﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﻣــﺰ ﻣﺎﻧــﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 150‬ﻧﻮﻉ ﻏﺬﺍ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻕ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺳــﺮﺥﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﺒﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ژﺍﻣﺒﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻻﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺭﻭﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻛﺘﻠﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻮﺷــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺮﺥﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 707‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺴﺖﻭﺟﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺠــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﺍﻛــﺰ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﻗﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨــﮓ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 22 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺁﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‪6 ،‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻠﻜــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻰ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻪ‬ ‫)ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﺰﺩ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﻗﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤــﻰ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴــﻨﻪ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﭘــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺳﻔﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭼﻚ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﭘــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻗﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﻴﺘــﺮ ﺗﺎﺑﺸﻰ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻃﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 93‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ‪ 94‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪ؛ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ‪75‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣــﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴــﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻭ ﺩﻓــﺎﻉ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﺍﺑــﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻬﻴــﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ )ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ‪300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﻭﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺳﻔﺘــﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘــﻂ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻘــﻒ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻠﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺼﺮﺍﻑ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﺍﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﻛﺎﺗﺪﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺘﻨﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﭘﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴــﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪ 9‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺻﺤﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻨــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻝ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧــﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺴــﺮﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻒ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺠــﺮﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻗﺴــﻂ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺼﺮﺍﻑ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﺍﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﺠﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺷﻴــﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﻣــﺮﺁﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻰﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻴﺮ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫‪6‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2880‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﺎ ﺭﺟﺒﻌﻠﻰﺑﮕﻠــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﻣﻨﻈــﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻴــﺚ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﻃﺮﻑ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺯﺍﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻔــﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﺟﺒﻌﻠﻰﺑﮕﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﮔﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﻣﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺳــﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺟﺒﻌﻠﻰﺑﮕﻠﻮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺩﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺎﻳــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﻢﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺮﻩ ﻭ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻭ ﺩﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻤﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺟﺒﻌﻠﻰﺑﮕﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻳــﺎ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧــﻪ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻠﻘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺟﺒﻌﻠﻰﺑﮕﻠﻮ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠــﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻠﻘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺰﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﻴــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧــﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻴﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻛﻠﻤﺒﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻏﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺻﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺴــﺎﻡ ﺯﻧﺪﺣﺴــﺎﻣﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻉ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺿﻴﻐﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﭘﺘﻨﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺷﻤــﺮﺩﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﭘﺘﻨﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓــﻰ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻈــﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻓﺴــﻮﺭ ﻓﻠﻴﻜﺲ ﺍﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻛﺘــﺮ ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻴﻦ ﮔﻴﺮﺯﺑﺮﮔﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﻥﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺕ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺣﺴﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﻠﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴﺘﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻼﻟــﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺿﻴﻐﻤﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﻨﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 28‬ﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺴــﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ 27 ،‬ﻭ ‪ 28‬ﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﺫﻯﻧﻔﻌﺎﻥ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﺪ ﻭ ﻣــﺮﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺑﻬﺸﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺒﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻏﻴﺮﭘﺰﺷﻜــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪ 39‬ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 1000‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﻭﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣــﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﺳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻯﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻯﺳﻰﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﻴﺨﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻋﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ‪17‬ﺷﺎﺧــﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪ 131‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﺎﻋــﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻻﻭﻝ‪ 1438‬ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 61‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2034‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫(‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com/about.html‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ 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ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳﻴﻤﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ »ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ« ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻨﺸــﺎ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻻﺏﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺸــﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻭﻏﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺷــﻜﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ‪630‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ‪4/40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ‪26‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪370‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1387‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 1392‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺧﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1394‬ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﻓﺘﺮﭼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺍﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺱ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺯﻭﺩﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1393‬ﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 92‬ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪23‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪835‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪26‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪369‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪280‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪12/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺁﻯﺳﻰﺗﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ‪120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺸﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺁﻯﺳﻰﺗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ ﺳﻔﺘﻪﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﺷﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﻬﺸﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﻴﺪﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﻣﻴﺮﻣﻌﻴﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺳــﻔﺘﻪﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﻦ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼـﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻘـﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﻻﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻔﺘﻪﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﺷــﻮﻧﺪﮔﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ؛ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴـﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﺬﺍﺑﻴﺖ ﺳﻔﺘﻪﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛــﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳــﺖ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ)ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ( ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﻤﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ‪400‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧــﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﺷــﻮﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕـﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺪﺍﻣﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻜﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺒﻪﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺛــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﻞ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ )ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ( ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺏﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﻧﻈــﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺜﺒﺖﺗﺮﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪3 ،2‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻠﻴــﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻛـﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶﻳﺎﻓﺘـﻪ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﻓـﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺱﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺵﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺘﻰ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺯﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﻳــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺵﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺜﺒﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺮﻗﺪﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰﻫــﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗــﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻧﭙﻴﻮﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻛﻢ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺷﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬

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