روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 200 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 200

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 200

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 200

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪200‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 450‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪1438‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 450‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 86‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ‪ 29‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 375‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﻰﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪13‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫــﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﭼﺎﻟﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﮔﻴــﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﺮﻛــﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻘﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ‪ 92‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪13‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻢﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺷــﮕﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1404‬ﺷﻤﺴﻰ)‪2025‬ﻡ(‪80 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1399‬ﺵ)‪2020‬ﻡ( ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﻛﻢ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺩ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑﻊ ‪ 500‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ‪8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺩﺭﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1409‬ﺵ)‪2030‬ﻡ(‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳــﻮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ )‪ (car ownership‬ﺑﻪﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫)‪ usership‬ﻳﺎ ‪ (car shaelns‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ )‪ (car life cycle‬ﻭ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 54‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1383‬ﺵ ﺑﻪ ‪ 38‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1391‬ﺵ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯ ﻟﻴﺘﻴﻮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1399‬ﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ‪ 150‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1393‬ﺵ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 200‬ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ ‪1398‬ﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻌﻄﻒ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤــﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫‪5/2‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪6/2‬ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1409‬ﺵ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪3/6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪1409‬ﺵ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻪ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1409‬ﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻴــﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪OEM‬ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻫﺮﭼــﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪﻋﺼــﺮ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻟــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪41‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1386‬ﺵ ﺑﻪ ‪54‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪1391‬ﺵ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1386‬ﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺿﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1391‬ﺵ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺿــﺮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻧﺞ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1391‬ﺵ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ‪9‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1386‬ﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ‪23‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1391‬ﺵ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻــﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺱ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼــﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻓــﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻢﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟـﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴـﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷـﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴـﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺜﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﺼﺼﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺫﻭﺏﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺩﻓــﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺳــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴــﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﭼﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺫﻭﺏﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؟ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺣﻞ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺫﻭﺏﺁﻫﻦ ‪2‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻨﺤﺮﻑ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭼﺎﺑﻚﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻮﻣﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﻧــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳــﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ »ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ«‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻳﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺫﻭﺏﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺎﻧﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﺯﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﺟﺪﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﻮﺕ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺲ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻠﻴــﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧــﻪ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﺗﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿــﺎ ﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻــﻞ ‪ 44‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﺗﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﺸﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﭘﻮﭘﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺵ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﻗــﺖ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﭼﻨﺪﺗﻜﻪ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻗــﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﭻﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺼﺪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﻋﺰﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺰﻡ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻗﻮﻩ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻇﺎﻳــﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻟــﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﻥ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﻧﺞ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻭﻧﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﻏﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 450‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻓﻴﺎﺽ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳــﻞ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 450‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 86‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ‪ 29‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ‪375‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﮔﻴــﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 850‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 680‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 42‬ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪971‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ ‪26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺴــﺎﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻠــﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﭼﻮﺑﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮﻟﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ 15 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻭ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻴﺎﺽ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮ ﺳــﻮﻕ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪96‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫــﺮ ﻃﺮﺣــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ‪3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺻﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺷــﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪92‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧــﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺻــﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪50:‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﻯﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ‪1/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪32‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻠــﻰ)‪ (GDP‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺳــﺎﺭﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 2‬ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ‪ 4‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻃــﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪800‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒــﻰ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪40 .‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﻼ‪ ،‬ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪ 3‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻠﭽﻤﻪ ﺳــﺎﺭﺍﻝ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﺪﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ‪ 227‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺮﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ‪ 150‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻮﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻙ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺮﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴــﻞ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻮﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪170‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ‪ 30‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺳــﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻗﻮﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺮﺷﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺗﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺎﺭﻙ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪22‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 25‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 1560‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﻭﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻨﺴــﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﮔﺸـﺎﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﺣـﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪﻯ ﻛﻴﺴـﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﻧﻬﺎﻭﻧﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻴﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﻰﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻦ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 650‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﺮﺷﻜﺎﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ ﭘﺎﻛﺖ ﭘﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﻰﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻨﻰ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ ‪ 7‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑــﺮ ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 160‬ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺷــﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪ 50 ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ )ﺗﺮﻳﻠﻰ ( ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ؛ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻤــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿﻴــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘــﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳﺘﭽﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴــﺺ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻣﻰﻧﻮﺭﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻧﻪ ﭼﻴﺪﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻳﻜﺎﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺫﻭﻕ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﻧﺒﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺿﻴــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻋﻴﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ‪ 100‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻛﺴــﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ‪ 100‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺣﻼﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ ICRIC‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1393‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﻫﭙﺎﺗﻴﺖ ﺏ ﻭ »ﺏ ﺙ ژ«‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘــﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﻫﭙﺎﺗﻴﺖ ﺏ‪» ،‬ﺏ ﺙ ژ«‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﺮﻭﺳﻰ )ﻫﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻣﻰ( ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺤﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻘﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ )ﻫﻮﺍﺳــﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﻓﺸــﺮﺩﻩ(‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺁﻧﺘﻰژﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﻫﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ »ﺁﻧﺘﻰﻭﻧﻮﻡ« ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 100‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺛﺒﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ 70 .‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 120‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﺘﻮ ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 7‬ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﺍﻛﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫»ﻧﻮﺭ« ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻥﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻥﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﻈﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻤــﻮ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖﻫــﺎ ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺵ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﻢ ﺳــﻦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﻍ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭙﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺒﮕــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﺍﻓﻖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺫﻫﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 60‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺴﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻮﻡ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ؛ ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻴﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﻓﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻜــﻰ ﻳﻴﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻴﻨﮓ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‪1355‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ)‪1966‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 7‬ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ‪ 15‬ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﮔــﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻴﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﭘﺮ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﻳﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 35‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﺳﺎﭼﻮﺳﺖ‬ ‫‪ MIT‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‪1380‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ)‪2003‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 194‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ‪60‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎ ﺧــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 96‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻫﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺮﺍﭼﻰ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ‪105‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ 22‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺸــﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ‪ 17‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﻌــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺩﺑﻴﻞ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ‪ 2‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ‪ 2‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ 5‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻬﮕﻴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻠﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ 10‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺑﻦﺳﻴﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﻌﺼﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺑﺮﺑﻦﺣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﺍﺑــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓــﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺁﺷــﻮﺏ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺭﻧﺎ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭﺍﻓﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻄﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﺟﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍژﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪628‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭﺍﻓﺸﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ( ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫»ﻧﻮﺭ« ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻦﻫﻴﺜﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﻼﻡ؛ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﻦ ﻫﻴﺜﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻄﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺘﻜﻮﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺑﻦﻫﻴﺜﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻜﺴﺖﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺟﻜﻰﻳﻴﻨﮓ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺎﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﺴــﺖﻫﺎ ﺧﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﻮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺷﻜﺴــﺖ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺯﺭﺍﻓﺸــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 628‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﺳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻣﻬــﺪﻯ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻯﻧﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ( ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻓﻌﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻢﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺒﻠﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻦﺑﺴﺖﺷﻜﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﻍ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻚ ﻣﻰﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻋﻜﺲ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻛﻢ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻟﻐﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ؛‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻛﻢ ﺳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺫﻫﻦ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛــﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻼﺷﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺪ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺑﻐﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻥﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻥﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻗﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺷــﮕﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ؛ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﻢ ﺳﻦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ )‪ (Smart city‬ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻌﻴــﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﺘﻮﻥ ﻛﻴﻨﺰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻭﺳــﻤﭙﺘﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺴﺘﺮﺩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭﺳــﻠﻮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﻬﻠﻢ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻳﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﻟﺤﻈﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﺘﻒ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻋﻠــﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﺘﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﻒ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﻭﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻜﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ‪Smart‬‬ ‫‪ city‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺨﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﺷﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﺒﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻋﺒــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ‪92‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟــﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺳــﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻧﻌﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻰﻓﺮ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺳﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻠﻴﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺠﺰﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﻗﺖ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻌﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻳﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳــﻞ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑـﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺳــﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺑﮕﻴــﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻧﻌﻠــﻰ ﺳــﺒﺤﺎﻧﻰﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻡﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﺒﺤﺎﻧﻰﻓﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺑﮕﻴــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻯ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 375‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1391‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 386‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﺯ ‪1/1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺮﺍﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 11‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 811‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1391‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 226‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1391‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 167‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻭ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪10/7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺑﻪ ‪7/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻮﻛﻮﻣﻮﺗﻴﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﺎﺑﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 27‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1391‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 22‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺸﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺮﺍﻙﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﻮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 18‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﺁﻳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 130‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﻠﻴــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﻯ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ‪ 37‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻛﺎﻧﺘﻴﻨﺮﻯ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ )ﺗﻰﺍﻯﻳﻮ( ‪ TEU‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﻯ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺲﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒــﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺛﺒﺖﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﮔﺎﻥ – ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻪﺑﺮﻭﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ‪ 13‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼــﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺍﻟﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ – ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‬ ‫– ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺸﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻟﺠﺴــﺘﻴﻚ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻈﻞ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 300‬ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴــﻚ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﭘﺮﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻧﺸــﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺎ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺎ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺎﺻــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻓﺰﺍﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ )ﺍﻡﺑــﻰﺍﻯ( ‪ MBA‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭﻧﻴــﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﺟﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺳــﻔﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫»ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺤــﻮﺭ« ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ )ﺍﻡﺑﻰﺍﻯ( ‪MBA‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1372‬ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ )ﺍﻡﺑﻰﺍﻯ( ‪MBA‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﺟﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭﻧﻴــﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺑﻬــﺰﺍﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩﻯ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺴــﺠﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 2008‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻴــﺮﺍژ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺗﺮﺩﻳــﺪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 08‬ﺗﺎ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺪﻭﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭘﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻴــﺮﺍژ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢﺭﻧﮓ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 180‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘــﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗــﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺐﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗــﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻤﻨــﻮﻉ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﭘﻼﻙﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻗﻔﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ؟ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗــﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺳــﻜﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺎ ‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴــﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﭼﺎﻟﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟــﻪ ﺩﺭﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺴﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻫﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻳﻚﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠــﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺍﺣﻤــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ؛ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫‪ 300‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺷــﺎﻏﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﮕﺎﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﮔﺴﺘﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪90 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧــﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﻈﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﺕﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭼــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻳــﻚ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔــﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 200‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪60‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ »‪ «OE‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ‪ 180‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻃﻠﺐ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ‪ 180‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺍﻩﻧﺎﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻚﺗﻚ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺗﻬﺎﺗﺮ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺟﺰﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻦ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻠﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺯﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤــﺪﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺳﻮﺩﺭﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓــﻊ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﺱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻮﺭﺱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢﺷﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪39/503/000‬‬ ‫‪41/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺴﻨﺖ ﺩﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺑﮓ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪106/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﭘﻼﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪48/052/000‬‬ ‫‪52/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪153/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/473/000‬‬ ‫‪32/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺍﺱ‬ ‫‪162/900/000‬‬ ‫‪168/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/331/000‬‬ ‫‪54/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫‪206/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪47/124/900‬‬ ‫‪50/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪246/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/942/000‬‬ ‫‪39/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪86/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪110/000/000‬‬ ‫‪111/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪112/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪10‬‬ ‫‪147/074/000‬‬ ‫‪140/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪112/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪95/074/000‬‬ ‫‪91/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﻴﻮ ﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪199/244/000‬‬ ‫‪203/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪21/385/000‬‬ ‫‪20/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪204/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪----‬‬ ‫‪27/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 2,4‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪236/649/000‬‬ ‫‪262/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪66/057/000‬‬ ‫‪67/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪155/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ )ﺁﭘﺸﻨﺎﻝ(‬ ‫‪99/158/000‬‬ ‫‪97/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪+2017‬ﺳﺎﻧﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫‪178/000/000‬‬ ‫‪173/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 320‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪+‬ﻣﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫‪53/800/000‬‬ ‫‪55/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺗﻰ‪ 200‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‪-‬ﺍﻑﺍﺳﭙﺮﺕ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪398/000/000‬‬ ‫‪385/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪+‬ﻣﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫‪56/300/000‬‬ ‫‪57/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺍچ ‪ 300‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪342/000/000‬‬ ‫‪346/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 12 1396‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪ 3 1438‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻘﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻁ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣــﺪﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ ﻣﺴـﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳـﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻛــﻦ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻧــﺲ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﻗــﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄــﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘــﻮﻩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﻳــﺎ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﺎ ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﮔﺎﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻧﻴــﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻴﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺑــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻏﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 11‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 23‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 21‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫــﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﺩﻳﺰﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﻧﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﻗﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶﺍﺯﭘﻴﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﮔﺎﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ ﮔﺎﺯﻭﺋﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﮕﻴــﺮ ﮔﺎﺯﻭﺋﻴﻞ ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻳــﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺭﺍﻫــﻜﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻟــﻰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳــﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺫﺏ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳــﻚ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 3‬ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺫﺏ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺳــﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻧﻈــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄــﻊ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﭼــﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪500‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻧــﺞ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺯﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 500‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺮﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻧﻤــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳــﺞ ﻧﻈﺮﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ »ﻭﻳﺎ ُﻭﻳﺲ‬ ‫‪ «ViaVoice‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻧــﺲ ‪ 2‬ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ 68 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ‪ 500‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 208‬ﻳــﺎ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺳــﻰ ‪ 3‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒــﻰ ‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪700‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻭﺿــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳﭙﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪61 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍﻯﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪56‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗــﻜﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺟــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺟﻤــﺎﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻳﻚﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺫﻯﻧﻔﻌﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻗــﻢ ﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﻃﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺤﺎﻃﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺷﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 135‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺭﻭﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪َ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻼﻓﻰ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺭﺳــﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 135‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴــﺰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﻄــﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﺎﻣــﻞ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻇﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﻓﺘﺎﺣﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻰﺗﻌﺎﺩﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻩﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒــﺮﺩﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 11/6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪10/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﺫﻯﺍﻟﺤﺠﻪ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 200‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2173‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ»‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻤﻔﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻮﺵ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﺩﻳﻤﻴــﺮ ﭘﻮﺗﻴــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻮﺵ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻠﻂ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋــﻰ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻭ ﻫﺸــﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﺮ ﻓــﺮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠــﻮﺏ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﻮﺗﻴﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﻮﺵ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻙ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻓﻀﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻐﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺸﻢﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺳــﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻮﺗﻴــﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻮﺗﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺵ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﮕﺰﺍﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺏ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻓﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﻥ ﺍﺑﺮﻯﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺒﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺟﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻃﻰ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻋﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﻧﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﻯﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻢ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﻫﻮﺷــﻰ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺵ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﮔﺰﻳﻨــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﻢ؛ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﻣﻰﻧﮕﺮﻳﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1392‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠــﻰ ﺻﺪﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺑــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺷــﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 65‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ‪ 150‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 65‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻛﺴــﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻮﻧﻮﻣﻴﺴﺖ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﺗﻠﮕﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﻧﺴﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺷﺮﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1390‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 1395‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻴﻒ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊﺗﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺳــﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺳﺘﻨﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1374‬ﺩﻓﺘــﺮ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻌﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 200‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻨﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ‪ 1500‬ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﻭﺍﺭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ MIT ‬ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ‪ ،MIT‬ﺗﺎﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ‪ MIT‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣــﻮﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ MIT‬ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﺮﻡ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺮﺍﻻ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺮﻡ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﻟﺨــﻮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺭﻛــﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳــﻮﮔﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺯﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 191‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﺎﻟﻮﺋﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ ﻋﻜﺎﺳــﻰ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻨﺴﺘﺎﮔﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﻭﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ‪ Meiho‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻟﺒﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻡ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ ﻫﻮﭼﻰﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻡ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ Meiho‬ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺼﻴــﻞ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺩﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ‪ Meiho‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﺭﻙ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪21/77‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﻛﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺒﺮﻳﺞ‬ ‫‪» ‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻛﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1378‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻤــﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻛﻠﻰ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﻌﺪ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﻫﭙﻮﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻻﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﺧﭙﻮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻔﺮﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻛﻠﻰ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺒﺮﻳﺞ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻴﻒ ﻭﺳــﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺴــﺒﻮﻙ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺴــﺘﺎﮔﺮﺍﻡ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻴﺴــﺒﻮﻙ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺟﺎﻟﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻓﺎﻟﻮﺋﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ‪400‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ‪85‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻓﻴﺴﺒﻮﻙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪1/2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻻﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ »ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ« ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻜﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫»ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ« ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺑﻬﺸﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰﺩﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺴــﺠﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﺮﻫﻢﺯﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻸﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻤﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻴﻰ ﻛﻤﺎﻟﻰﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ ﺍﺗﻮﺑــﻮﺱ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻏﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻫﻤــﺪﺭﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻰ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺳــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔــﻰ ﮔﻤﺎﺭﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻟﺨﺮﺍﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻝ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘــﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﻧــﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪،‬ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰﻣﺠﻠــﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺨﻤــﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺨﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺰﻭﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻧــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﺿــﺮﻭﺭ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺨﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﻟﺴﺮﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣــﺬﻑ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮔﻮﻳــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﻳﻼﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻧﺸﻴﻨﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬

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