روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 222 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 222

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 222

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 222

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪222‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ؛ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﺶ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭﺳــﻴﻌﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻣﮕﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 73‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺑﻮﺱ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻤــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬــﺎﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟــﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 73‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﺧﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 207‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 104‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺑﻪ ‪44‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 37 ،92‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 54/8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 48/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪11/9‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑــﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻗﺪﻡ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑــﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﺣﻤﺘﻜﺶ ﻭ ﺻﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪» .‬ﺑﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ «.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺮﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻓﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓــﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺭﻋﺎﻳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺳــﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖﻭﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺳــﻠﺐ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻳﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳــﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕﺷــﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺑﻂﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺧﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺷﻮﻡ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﺳــﺖ؛ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﻧﺴــﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﻓﺮﺝ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺟﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪0/34‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻓﻘﺮﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺟﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺩﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻓﺮﺝ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺒﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪10/1/2017 5:43:04 PM‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 73‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺑﻮﺱ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 73‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﺧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗــﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 207‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 104‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪92‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ 44‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪،92‬‬ ‫‪ 37‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 54/8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 48/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 11/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 76 ‬ﺩﺭﺻـﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫـﺎﻯ ﺟـﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ)ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻰ(ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ )ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ‪ 67‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺳــﻬﻢ ‪ 28‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ‪ 96‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ‪ 56‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ 24‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘــﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺑــﺎ ‪ 32‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ)ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ( ﺑﺎ ‪22‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ‪ 14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﻭﺵ ﻏﻴﺒﻰﭘﻮﺭ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﺷﻘﺎﻗﻰ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪ 178‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 76‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺳـﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟـﺖ ﻧﻬـﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺭﻡ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ‪ 27‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 470‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 970‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 96‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻘــﻮﻕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 850‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 2/3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺮﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻴـﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒـﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺸــﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺼــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻣــﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳــﺞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰﺻــﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭﻳــﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺰ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺎﻭﺵ ﻏﻴﺒﻰﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﻧﺸــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻃــﻮﻝ ‪4‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺒﻰﭘــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣــﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻫــﻢ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﺷــﻘﺎﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻧﻮﻳﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﻨﺤﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﻘﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰﺑــﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ ‪40‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣــﺮﻭﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ‪ 40‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺯﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪02.indd 1‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 80‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤــﺮﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻘﻒ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜــﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺿﻤﺎﻧــﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺑﻪ ‪ 85‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﻴﺴــﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺳﻨﺠﻰﺷــﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ‪30‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﮕــﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺻﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﻨـﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧـﺖ ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﭼﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1383‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 86‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪13‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺴــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻘﻒ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳــﺎﻟﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪1/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻫﺮﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 0/25‬ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺳﻨﺠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻨﺘﺞ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺘﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭘﺮﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻭﺛﻴﻘــﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ )ﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 50‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ‪25‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﺴــﻮﻳﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 74‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪110‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،95‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ‪ 1174‬ﻓﻘﺮﻩ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 5300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺮﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜــﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪ 7‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ ،95‬ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻐــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﭼﻬــﺎﺭﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺪﻑﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪120‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 7‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳـﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭼـﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﺑﮕـﻮﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺒﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺳــﺮ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺷـﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﻧــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣــﻞ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻـﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜـﻰ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫـﺎ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻣﺤــﺮﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭ ﺳﺨﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣــﺎ ﻣﺠﺒــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ‪3‬ﻳﺎ ‪4‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻳﭽﻬﺮ ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﻪ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺯﻳﻠﻮ ﺑﺎﻓﻖ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 700‬ﺑﺎﻧﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺯﺍﺭچ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺯﻳﻠﻮ ﺑﺎﻓﻰ ﻣﻴﺒﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 700‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻳﺰﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 2‬ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ‪30‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺝ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ‪ 85‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ‪40‬‬ ‫ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻓﻘــﻂ ‪ 12‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻋﻬﺪﻩﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖﻭﭘﺎﮔﻴﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻳــﻚ ﺟﻬﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ‪ 5‬ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ‪ world food‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 40‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪12‬‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪5 :‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺒﺰﻳﺠﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻓﻮﺩﺳﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 28‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ 28 ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧــﻼﻕ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ‪ 962 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ‪ 28‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ 49 :‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ‪ 31‬ﻓﻘﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 7‬ﻫﻜﺘﺎﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻓﺰﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻰ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻠﻘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳــﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼــﺮﺥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ ﺛﻤﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ )ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ )ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺣﺼﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺼﺎﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﻦﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﭘﺴﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕﺷــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 29‬ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑــﺎﻻ؛ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻣﮕﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﺖ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ژﻧﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺖ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺤــﻮﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﮔﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﻨﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻌــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻠﺒﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻒ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﺒﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﻰﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺳــﻮﺧﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺗﺨﻤﻴــﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺰﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻟﺒﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻮﺗﻴﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﮔﻮﺷــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 29‬ﻗﻠﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 6‬ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ‪ 6‬ﭘﻠﺘﻔــﺮﻡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴــﻼﺕ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 18‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑــﺮ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑــﻊ ﺍﺯ ‪ 6‬ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫)ﭘﺮﻭﺗﻮﺗﺎﻳــﭗ(‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﺧﺘــﺮﺍﻉ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ)ﭘﺘﻨﺖ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟــﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﻠــﺞ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ )‪ (ICAN‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻤــﺮ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺰﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﺳــﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﻠﺞ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ »ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ«ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻠﺘﻔــﺮﻡ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪ 6 ،‬ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 14‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 300‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻘﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ‪ GDP‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺳﺎﺯﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻌــﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﺒﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻫﺴﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺨﺺ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗــﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﻤــﺎﻥ ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪7 :‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠــﻢ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯﺷــﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﺴــﺮﺍ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﻣﻌﻠﻤــﺎﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻢ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧــﺪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 1100‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ‪ 11‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 1100‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺷﻨﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،ROV‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣــﻮﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﻳــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 24‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ‪ 270 ،‬ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ‪70 ،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻼگ‪ 501 ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻋﻜﺲ‪ 510 ،‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻰ‪ 6 ،‬ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻰ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 85‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﻳﻜﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 30‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷــﻨﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 20‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻨﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﻄﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻜﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ 35 ،‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪ ،Rov‬ﻳــﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 14‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻧﺠﻒﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ ﻧﻔﻴﺴﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺍﻫﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﻗﺪﻡ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﺣﻤﺘﻜﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮء ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﻳﻴﺖ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳـﻞ ﻗﺎﻧـﻮﻥ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺷـﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘـﺎﺭ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫»ﺑﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ «.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻒﺁﺑــﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ‪ 2‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻫﻠﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 2‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻼﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﻮﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﮔــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﭙﻜــﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻌﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭﻯﻧﺠﻒﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻳﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﭙﻜــﻮ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ‪8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪) 1386‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ( ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻗﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻫﭙﻜــﻮ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻌﻬــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺷﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﺑﻰﭘﺮﻭﺍ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺿﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﺷﺪﺕ ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﻙ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰﺷــﺪﻥ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻔﺮﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺣﻘــﻮﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺴﺪﻭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺣﺴﺎﺏﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﺵ ‪ 230‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺰﺵ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﮔــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺗــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗــﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺮ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻣﻦ ﺁﺳــﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺨﺘﻜﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕ ِﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻭﺣﺸــﺘﻨﺎﻛﻰ ﺳــﻘﻮﻁ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﻴﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻨﺪﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﺭﺍﻡﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﻜﻞﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻓﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺗﺎ ‪ 950‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫»ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ« ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪950‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ‪ 400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 950‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ »ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ« ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 950‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ‪ICT ،‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ IT‬ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷﻐﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻛﺸــﺶ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 650‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻋﺪﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻃﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺗﺎ ‪ 950‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺪﻑﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻰﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻧﺸــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﺷــﺎﻥ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1388‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻤﻠﻜﺖ ﺣﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫــﺪﻑ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺭﺯﻭﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍژﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷــﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳــﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺍﻟــﺖ ﺭﻗﻢﺯﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻧﻘﺼﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﭙﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﭙﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 70‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 70‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺻﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺤﺎﻕ ﺗﻨــﺪﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺻﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﻴﻼﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻦ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺸﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻦ ‪ 70‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺸﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫‪ 70‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺻﻴﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺷــﻮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺳــﻬﻤﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺷﻮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻧﻮﺭﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻣﻰ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ‪120‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ‪ 130‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﻤﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺟﺪﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻭﺍﺟﺪﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦﭼﻨﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﺴــﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺠﻴــﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﻤﻖ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 4‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷﺮﻁ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷــﺮﻁ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺴــﺮﻯ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻧﺠﻴــﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺸــﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﻳــﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﺪﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻫﻢﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﭘﻴﺶﺷــﺮﻁﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨــﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻥﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺑــﻪ ‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻃﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﺗﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺖ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤــﺮﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻣــﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺒﻴﻴــﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪10/1/2017 5:37:01 PM‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻫﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ BFB‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﻴﺮﺳﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺱﻭﺟﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻫﺴﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺳﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺤﺼـﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳـﺪ ﻫﻤـﺮﺍﻩ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﺼﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﺗﺘﺮﺍ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﺖ ﺗﺠﺰﻳــﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺻﻄﻜﺎﻙ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺻﻄﻜﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖﺗﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻄــﻜﺎﻙ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺯﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒــﺮ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪ BFB‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻧﻮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﺼﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻻﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ 2014‬ﺑــﻪ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻴــﺮﺍژ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺘﺮﺍ ﻓﻴﻠــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺁﻣــﺪ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻮﻝ ﺗﺎ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﺎﻡﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺑﻪ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺟــﺰﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻪﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﻧﻮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﺼــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴــﺪ ﻗﺎﺳــﻢﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴــﺮ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﺘﻴﻨﮓ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳــﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺸــﺮﻩﻛﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺳــﻢﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ؛ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﺳــﭙﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﻮﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 94‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 96‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ‪SL‬‬ ‫‪ API‬ﻭ ﮔﺮﻳــﺪ ‪ 40W‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳــﺎ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺮﻭ‬ ‫‪125‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪3/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 24‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﻫﺎﻳﭙﺮ ‪1‬‬ ‫‪24‬‬ ‫‪900/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺮﻭ‬ ‫‪200‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪3/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 26‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍ ‪1‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/600/000‬‬ ‫ﺁﭘﺎﭼﻰ‬ ‫‪180‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪7/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 26‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﻭﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫)‪2 (Wind‬‬ ‫‪24‬‬ ‫‪980/000‬‬ ‫ﺁﭘﺎﭼﻰ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪6/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 27,5‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺭﻳﺴﻪ ‪1‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪1/900/000‬‬ ‫ﺁﭘﺎﭼﻰ‬ ‫‪200‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪10/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 27,5‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺭﻳﺴﻪ ‪3‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/300/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺟﺎﺝ ﺑﻮﻛﺴﺮ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪4/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 27,5‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺭﻳﺴﻪ ‪4‬‬ ‫‪24‬‬ ‫‪1/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫‪125‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪7/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 29‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻴﻢ )‪5(Team‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻰﻭﻯﺍﺱ ﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫‪110‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪5/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 29‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻴﻢ )‪4(Team‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/600/000‬‬ ‫ﺍﻥﺍﻑ‬ ‫‪200‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪10/500/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﭘﻴﺪﻭ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 26‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﭘﺮﻭ ‪6‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/150/000‬‬ ‫ﺍﻥﺍﻑ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪3/100/001‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﭘﻴﺪﻭ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 27,5‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﭘﺮﻭ ‪4‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪5/700/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﭘﻴﺪﻭ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪ - 26‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﭘﺮﻭ ‪10‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫‪1/900/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻚﺗﺎﺯ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪2/700/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﻨﻜﺲ ﺩﻯ ‪ - 75‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ‪27,5‬‬ ‫‪24‬‬ ‫‪1/430/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻚﺗﺎﺯ‬ ‫‪125‬ﺳﻰﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪2/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻮﺏ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﺗﻨﺸﻦ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪3/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻫﻴﻠﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫‪1500‬ﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪2/600/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺁﺭ ‪7‬‬ ‫‪20‬‬ ‫‪4/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﻫﻴﻠﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫‪2000‬ﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪2/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻰﺗﻰﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍ ‪1,65‬‬ ‫‪22‬‬ ‫‪5/700/000‬‬ ‫‪06.indd 1‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 11 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 2 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺧﻠﺨﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ‪3‬ﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﻭﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻯ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳﮕﻤﻨﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧــﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧــﺪ ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻰﺷــﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻫﻴﭻﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺐ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦﺣــﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺫﺑﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺷﺪﻩ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺍﻧﺴــﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﮋﻭ ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘــﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳﻨﺠﺮﻯ‪،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠﺎﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭘﮋﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺑﻌــﺪﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﺴــﺒﻮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺷــﻜﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻳــﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻧﻤــﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻀﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻪﺷﺮﻁ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺑﻪﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺴﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﻨﺪﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷــﺮﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺍﻧﺴﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳــﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺑﻌــﺪﻯ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﻛﻢﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﺨﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻳــﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺴــﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑــﺎ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑــﺮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠﻰ ﺳــﻮﺩﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻘﺎﺑــﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗــﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺧﻠﺨﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠــﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﻧﺘــﺎژ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗــﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺰﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄــﻊ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺯﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺻﺮﻓــﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻠﺨﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻠﺨﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﮋﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﭘﮋﻭ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺷــﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺪﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧــﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻝ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺁﻝﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 25‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺑﻪﻫﻴﭻﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺳﺖﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓــﺎﺯ ﺟﺪﻯﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻧﻌﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻰﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤــﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻚ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺒﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻣﻐﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴــﻢ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪30‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺳــﺒﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺳﺒﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺰﺋﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ‪ 21‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻛﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﺸــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﮔﺎﻧﻪﺳﻮﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﻴﺎﻧﻮﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﻴﺎﻧﻮﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‪ANGVA 2017‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 9‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 11‬ﺁﺑــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰﻭﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 800‬ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻔﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ »ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺍ« ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺍﻗﻴﺎﻧﻮﺳﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺳﻮﺯ )‪(ANGVA‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2002‬ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 222‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2195‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ»‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﭘﺮﻣﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﭘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﭘﺮﻣﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﭘﺮﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻋﻬــﺪﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻮﺍﻃﻠﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻭ ﭘﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺼــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﮔﻮﺳﺖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﭘﺮﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﮓ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻰﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻣﺰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﮔﻮﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺯﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰﻛــﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳــﻞ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻭﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﻭﺏﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺭﺗﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺘﻴــﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻰﻭﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺳــﺒﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺏ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﺗــﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺑــﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺏ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﭘﻮﺭﺗﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴــﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻭﺏ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﭘﻮﺭﺗﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﻭﺏ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺭﺗﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻟﻮﺡ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ‪ ،‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﻭﺵ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﺗﺤــﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺒــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﻳﻜﺼﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠــﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺘﻒ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻠﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ) ﻋﺘﻒ( ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1383‬ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 99‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ )ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪ (1383‬ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪13‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 1383‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ ‪ 7‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻋﻀﻮﻳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭﻇﺎﻳــﻒ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﺤﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 9‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪» :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 10‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﻔﻮﻳﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﺗﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1382‬ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸﻨﺎﺳــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕــﻮﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﮔــﺬﺍﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻟــﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﺴــﺖ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠــﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ‪ 68‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ‪ 32‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 68‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ) ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 150‬ﻧﻔﺮ(‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ)ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 50‬ﺗﺎ ‪150‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ( ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ) ﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 50‬ﻧﻔﺮ(‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶﺑﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 38‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ) ﻫﻔﺘﻢ ﻣﻬﺮ( ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺷﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻦﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﻣﺎﻟــﻜﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻤﻦ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻞ ﻓﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻳﻚ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻤﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺸــﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 2850‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺑــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻋﺎﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻣﻜﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺍﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻣﻜﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﺟﻼﻟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﭘﻜﻴﺞ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﻒ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﻫﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎ ‪ 6‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺁﺏ ﻛﻠﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻣﻜﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻏﺴــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺗــﻊ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺑﺎﻥﻫــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻢ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺟﻼﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺏ ﮔــﺮﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻜﻴﺞ ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻡ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻤﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺣﺎﻣﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺁﺑﮕﺮﻣﻜﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺖ ﺑﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ‪ 1/5‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻗﻔﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻠــﺰﻡ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﮔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴــﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪ 2‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﺪﻳﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻟــﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺧﻼﻑ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧــﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪44‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫‪ 44‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟــﻰ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﻮﺷﻜﻰ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﺷــﻜﻰ ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻮﺷــﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻧﺘــﺎژﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺑﺨﺘﻴــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺧﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﻠــﺐ ﮔﻨﺪﻣﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻣــﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻛﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺬﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻨﺪﻣﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺪﻗﻮﻟﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳــﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺪﻗﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺒــﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﻭﺭﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗــﻰ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻋﻘﺐﻧﺸــﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

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