روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 228 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 228

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 228

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 228

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﭘﺮﺳــﺮ ﻭ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨــﮓ »ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﺻﺢ« ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺳــﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻮﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ ﮔﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗــﺮﻙ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻭﻓﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺯﻣﺰﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﻠﻴــﻖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪...‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪228‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ 10 ،‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪﻯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺗــﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍژﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍژﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺬﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺤﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻰ ﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻧﺰﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻰﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ »ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ،2017‬ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪120‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 127‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻭ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 125‬ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 57‬ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬــﻮﻡ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺎﻗﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻌــﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﻙ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1353‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ )‪1974‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪70‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪ 1800‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺍﺭﺯﺵﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻰ ‪ 400‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 40‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﮔﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺳﻒﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻘﺼﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺳــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﻴﻢ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﻫﻢ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺩﺭﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﻓﻼﺣﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﺮ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻭﺍﺕ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 100‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎ ‪ 660‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻭﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ‪ 440 ،‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﮕﻨﺎﻫﺎﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺍﻟﺘﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ‪» ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺳــﻨﻮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ«‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻰ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻔﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1388‬ﻭ ‪ 230 -1395‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ‪300‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2017‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 0/46‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 127‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪ 120‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺳﻪﮔﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪0/27‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ ،125‬ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 0/36‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 118‬ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳـﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 0/75‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 57‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ »ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 120‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 127‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻌــﻒ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻭ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪125‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴــﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪57‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 118‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻳﺸﻪﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ‪ 127‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫‪ ،GDP‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ )ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪(GDP‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﻴــﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻛﻢﻛﺮﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻯﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺑــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ »ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ«‪» ،‬ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ«‬ ‫ﻭ »ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ« ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫‪ 0/46‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪127‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪ 120‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺳﻪﮔﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 0/27‬ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ ،125‬ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪0/36‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 118‬ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴـﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴـﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 0/75‬ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 57‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘـﻰ ﺑـﺎﻻﻯ ﺳـــﻮﺧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑـﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻴـﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺑـﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺼـﺮﻑ ﺳـﻮﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺳﻮء‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻑ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1391‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ )‪ 2012‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗــﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳــﻚ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻬــﺶ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌــﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺯﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺯﻧﮓ ﺧﻄﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻮﻫﺒـﺖ ﺍﻟﻬـﻰ ﺭﺑﻄـﻰ ﺑـﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻊﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒــﻪ ‪ 127‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﻫﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻋﺎﻣـﻞ ﻧﺎﺑـﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳﺮﺷﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳــﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪ 3800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺣﺎﻣﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺰﻳــﻦ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺟــﺰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨــﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺎﺭﺿﻪﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ؟ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻴــﺎﺭﻯ ﻏﻠــﻂ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺧﺸــﻚ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﭼﻪﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠــﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺣﻔﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻌﺮ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧـﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗــﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺳـﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻟـﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺣﺎﺻــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑــﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺗﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴــﺎﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨــﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 7‬ﭘﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﻤــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳــﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺯﻧﮓ ﺧﻄــﺮﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻮﺱ ﺧﻂﻣﺸﻰ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ‪HSEE‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‪400‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺭﺭﻓﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 109‬ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫)‪ (HSEE‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪ HSEE‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺳــﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ HSEE‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺤﺚ ‪ HSEE‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 120‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 50‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 63‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‪ 2‬ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻥ ‪ 300‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻄــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﻬﻢ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﺳـﻮﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪109‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪40‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ‪ HSEE‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴــﺰﻯ ‪ HSEE‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻯ ‪ HSEE‬ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‪ 211‬ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ 256 :‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺠﻬــﺰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣــﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺠــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺗــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻃــﺐ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪ 252‬ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 109‬ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺟﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪ 1480‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ‬ ‫‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ 800 :‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ »ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ«‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋــﻰ)‪ (SPX‬ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟــﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﮕﻰ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻋﺎﺭﺿﻪﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﻳﺎ ‪ spx‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋــﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣــﺪﺭﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻳــﻚ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‪ SPX‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 88‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ )‪(SPX‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪92‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ)ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺪﻭ( ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺷــﺠﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋــﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺪﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺸــﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗــﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻳــﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﺒﻮﻉ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻼﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻮﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺴﺎﺏ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫‪ 33‬ﻟﻮﺡ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﻨﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴــﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺪﻕﺻﺪﻗﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﻨﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻥ ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ 7‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻮﺱ ﺧﻂﻣﺸــﻰ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ‪ HSEE‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺑﺮﺗﻌﻬــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﻰ ﻋﻴﻨــﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠــﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ‪ HSEE‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﻟﻴﺰ ﻭ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﺨﺎﻃــﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺭﻳﺴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ) ‪ (ALARP‬ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪ HSEE‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺷــﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺣــﺬﻑ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫‪ HSEE‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺒﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑــﻊ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ HSEE‬ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ‬ ‫)ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ( ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ ‪ ،HSEE‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ‪ HSEE‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ‬ ‫‪ HSEE‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺑــﻼﻍ ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨــﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﺒــﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻫﻨــﮕﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣــﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﻤﺮﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﻴــﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑــﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻛــﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ‪ HSEE‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 50‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳــﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 63‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﺳﻨﺘﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺒــﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪﮔــﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺯﺭﺝﺁﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒــﺮ ﻣﻌﻈــﻢ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪﮔــﺮﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﺎﻡﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻧﮕــﺮﺵ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﺮﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺒﻨﺪﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻨﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺘﻰ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺭﺩﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻨﺎﺳــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﻚﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺳﺮﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪» :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪﻣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻨــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴــﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﻳــﺎ ﭼﺮﺗﻜــﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻋﻘــﺐ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﻮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻨﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻨﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺴﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺭﻧﻴﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻟﻤﺖﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺳﻨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻣﺪﺭﻧﺘﻴﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺳﺪﻯﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﺳــﺮﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ »ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ« ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ »ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ« ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 25‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺣـﻜﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳـﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﻮﻧـﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺗﻨﮕﺎﺗﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺿﻴــﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺣــﻜﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 65‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻳﻞﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺗﻮﺿﻴــﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﺎ ﺍﺳــﺪﻯﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺪﻯﻓﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗــﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﺎﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺳﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺭﺗﺎﺵ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴــﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻯ ﻟﻮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﻨﺪﻳﺲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺪﺍ ﻟﻮﺡ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﭘﻴﺸــﺘﺎﺯ ﻫﻮﻧﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺴﺮﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﺍﭘﺘﻴــﻚ ﺻﺎﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺠﻠﻴــﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﻳﺲ ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺑﻬﺎﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺵ ﻓﺮﻫﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﻛﺎﻭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻯ ﻟﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻨﺪﻳﺲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻯ ﻟــﻮﺡ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ‪ 4‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 4‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ‪ 160‬ﻧﻬــﺎﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﻣﻬــﺮ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1387‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻥ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﺳــﻒﭘﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺼﺐ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ‪ CNC‬ﺑﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳــﻪﻣﺤﻮﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤﺎ(‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﺳﻒﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ‪ 5‬ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻪﻣﺤﻮﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻟﺮ ﺯﻳﻤﻨﺲ ‪ S7300‬ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﻭﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻜﺮﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺳــﻒﭘﻮﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒــﺮ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ‪ SUHNER ،SOMEX‬ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ )‪ (Centrax‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻪ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ‪ Z ،Y ،X‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ‪ CNC‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻜﺖ )ﻓﺸﺮﺩﻩ( ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺮﻧﺲﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒﭘﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻜﺴــﭽﺮﻫﺎﻯ ‪ Flexible‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪ 5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ)‪،(FLEXIBILITY‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭘﺬ ﻳــﺮ ﻯ ) ‪، (C O N V E R T I B I L I T Y‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱﺩﻫــﻰ)‪ (MODULARITY‬ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ‪ 5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮ‬ ‫)‪ (PRODUCTION‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒﭘﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﺒﺮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻓﻴﻜﺴــﭽﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﻧﻮﻉ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺑﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ‪CNC‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻟــﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻨﺪﻛﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮ ﺑﺮﻕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺳــﻒﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ‪ CNC‬ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﺍﺵ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻨﺪﻛﺲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴــﻚ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 310‬ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 180‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺍﺥﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺳﻒﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺑﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ‪ CNC‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺘﺮﺍﻛﺲ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺟﻮﮔﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻟﻮﺟﻴﻚ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ‪ 130‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 250‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ‪ CNC‬ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﺤﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﺆﺛﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺎ ﻗﺴــﻤﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺤﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺗﻌﻬﺪﻯ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺻــﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ 10 ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺗــﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍژﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺬﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺤــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺘﻰ ﺟﺰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻧﺰﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻰﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻒ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 86‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﮕــﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻋﻘﻴــﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩﺑﺮ ﺁﺳﻴﺒﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻨﻰ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﭙﺮﻯ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺭﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺑﺪﻫــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧــﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻀــﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﺸــﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺑﻰﻟﻴﺎﻗﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺳــﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺪﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 80‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻴــﺎﻥ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻯﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ‪ ‬ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﻫـﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣـﺖ ﺑﺨـﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘﻰﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻨــﺪﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺳــﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻀــﻞ ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺑﻚﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﭼﺎﺑﻚﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺷﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍﻧﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﻟﺘــﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻬــﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﺷــﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤــﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺧــﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺻﻌﺐﺍﻟﻌــﻼﺝ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺼﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺻﻌﺐﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺼﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻳﺎﻟﻴــﺰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻻﺳــﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻡ ﺍﺱ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﻮﻧــﺪ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺗــﻮ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺎﻟﻴﺰﻯ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﺎﻟﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ‪ 100‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻻﺳــﻤﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﮔﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ژﻧﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﻮﻓﻴﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻡ ﺍﺱ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﭙﻮﻛﺴــﻰ ﻣﺐ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﻴﻤﻰﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺗﺮﺍﭘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺫﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﺼﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻡ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺯﺍﺭﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﻴﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻧﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺯﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺗﻌﻬﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺽ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺳــﻌﻴﺪﻯﻛﻴﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺍﻣﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻤﻠﻜﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻌﻴﺪﻯﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫــﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ‪3‬ﭘﻴﺶﺷــﺮﻁ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 850‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 560‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ 270‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪﻯﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻭﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺰﻳﺎﻥ ‪ 100‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 11‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 100‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻴﺪﻯﻛﻴﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣــﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 70‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺳﺒﺪ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺻــﺪ ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪﻯﻛﻴﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ‪ 11‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 300‬ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻛﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺗﻴﺮ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗــﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒــﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣــﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻛﻔﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺭﺍﻫﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﺷﺒﺎﻉ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘــﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻼﻑ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻗﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﮋﻛﺘﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﻴﻜﻠﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽــﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺖ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﻧﻴﻮﺯ؛‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﺸــﺎﻫﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻭ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺻﺎﻟــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺳــﻜﺮچ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﭼﺴــﺐ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪ 50001813‬ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪16‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺮﻉ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﻠﻮﺩ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﻜﻴﺸﻦ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻛﺪ ‪ QR‬ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺳــﻜﺮچ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺸــﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻘﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﺎﻳﭙﺎﻳﺪﻙ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﮕﻴﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧــﺲ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﺎ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ؟ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻـﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻴـﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺭﺯﻡﺧــﻮﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷــﻮﻳﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧــﺲ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺸــﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺨــﺰﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺼــﺐ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺯﻡﺧــﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﭼــﻮﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻮﺱ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 70‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺯﻡﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻠــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻸ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﻸ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧــﺲ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧــﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﻳــﺰﻝ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻫﻢ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺳﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺒﻮﻻﻧﺲ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺁﻣــﺪﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﻭ ‪ 91‬ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺎﺧﺬ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺯﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻴــﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓــﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻰﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﭼــﻮﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﺘﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺯﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪39/503/000‬‬ ‫‪41/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺴﻨﺖ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪Blue-‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪123/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﭘﻼﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪48/052/000‬‬ ‫‪53/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪156/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/473/000‬‬ ‫‪32/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺍﺱ‬ ‫‪162/900/000‬‬ ‫‪173/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/331/000‬‬ ‫‪54/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫‪210/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪47/124/900‬‬ ‫‪53/400/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪264/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/942/000‬‬ ‫‪39/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪89/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪110/000/000‬‬ ‫‪115/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪120/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪10‬‬ ‫‪147/074/000‬‬ ‫‪139/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪120/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪95/074/000‬‬ ‫‪91/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﻴﻮ ﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪199/244/000‬‬ ‫‪210/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪21/385/000‬‬ ‫‪21/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪206/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪28/875/000‬‬ ‫‪27/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 2,4‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪236/649/000‬‬ ‫‪280/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪66/057/000‬‬ ‫‪68/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪154/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ )ﺁﭘﺸﻨﺎﻝ(‬ ‫‪99/158/000‬‬ ‫‪99/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪+2017‬ﺳﺎﻧﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫‪178/000/000‬‬ ‫‪......‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪+‬ﻣﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫‪56/300/000‬‬ ‫‪58/200/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺗﻰ‪ 200‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‪-‬ﺍﻑﺍﺳﭙﺮﺕ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪398/000/000‬‬ ‫‪393/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﺳﺎﻧﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﭗﻭﻯ‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪55/700/000‬‬ ‫‪62/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺍچ ‪ 300‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪375/000/000‬‬ ‫‪375/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 18 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 9 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺑﺪ ﺯﺍﻭﻩ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ »ﺭﻧﻮ« ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﭘﺮﺳــﺮ ﻭ ﺻــﺪﺍﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﺪﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ »ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﺻﺢ« ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺳﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﻧــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘــﻰ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻮﻳــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ ﮔﻮﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻧﻮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗــﺮﻙ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻭﻓﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺯﻣﺰﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧــﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ »ﮔــﻮﻥ« ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ »ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‪ 2 ،‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ «.‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﻠﻴــﻖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻧــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻐــﻮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺟﺰﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺭﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳــﻢ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﺘﺎﺏﺯﺩﻩ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ‪ -‬ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴــﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻼﺗــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺨﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﻮ‪ -‬ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘــﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷــﺘﺎﺏﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗــﻰ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺒــﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺮﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺪﻫــﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﻗــﻢ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 35‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶﺍﺯﺣــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻳــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻗﻮﻟﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻰﺷــﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻴﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺴﻰ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺘﺎﺏﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺿــﻊ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺫﻫﻦ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺭﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻗﺪﻡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﻗﺒﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻯﺗــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺶﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ!‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳــﻜﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺮﺳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻢ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭ ﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻫــﺮ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺒﻬﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﻧﻮ ‪ -‬ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺭﻧــﻮ –ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈــﺮ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﮋﻭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﻓﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 91‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﮔﺸﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻭﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻨﮕﺮﻩ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﻧــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸــﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻧــﻮ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺑــﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﻛﻮﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﺮﺷﺪﺳﻠﻮﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻴــﻦ ﻧﺎﺻﺢ ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻰﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 24‬ﻣﻬــﺮ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﻨﮕﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺮﺷــﻴﻦ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻤﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸــﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﻤﻰ )‪ 60‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ(‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸــﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺷــﻴﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻜــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻳــﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫‪ 187‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﻴﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 320‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺷــﻴﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻣﻘﺪﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳــﺞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭘــﮋﻭ ﻭ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﺠــﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺍﺋﻘــﻪ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 9‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺳــﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺳــﻌﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 8/5‬ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﺳﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻼﻙ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﻘﺎﻁ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ‪ 22‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﻻﺯﻡﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﻘﺎﻁ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻫﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﻘﺎﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺑﻪﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳــﺖ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻃﻔﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺿﺎﺑﻄﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 18‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 9‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 228‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2201‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ 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ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻄﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺩﻛﻠﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺁﻥ ‪ 5‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻨﻰﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻻﻛﭽﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﻘﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻘﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻨــﻰ ﮔﻠﭙﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻥﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻘﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪» ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 96‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺷــﻜﻮﺭﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻟﺠﺴﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺟﺰ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﻮﻡ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ )ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ( ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻰ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺳﺮﺳــﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺼﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﺪﻋﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺘﺮﻋﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻴﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﺼﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻄــﻜﺎﻙ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻏﻠﺒــﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺻﻄﻜﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﻞﺍ‪ ...‬ﺟﻤﺎﻟــﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪﺷــﻜﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌــﻞ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴــﻠﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫)ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ( ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨــﻰ ﻋــﺪﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨــﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴــﺪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎﺯﺭﺱ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻨﺼﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰﺗﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻧﻘﺺﻫﺎ ﻛﺠﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﻠﻰﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻓﻜﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺟﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻴــﺞ ﺍﺫﻫﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻜﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻛﻤﭗ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﻼﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺗﻘﻰﮔﻨﺠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺎﻳــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪180‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻰﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﺗﺎﻳﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳــﺎﻝ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪32‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ‪45‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺸﻜﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﭻ ﻭ ﺧﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﺒﻮﺭﻛﻨــﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻳﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺳــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﺸﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺳﻨﺨﻴﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺒــﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺿﺮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺷﻜﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻳﻒ ﺑﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻃﺒــﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧــﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳــﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘــﻞ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦﺭﻭ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﺭﺩﺑﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻔﻘﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺳــﻨﻰ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 23‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻦ ‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﮔﺎﻭﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺑﺮﻯ ﻭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

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تاریخ : 1397/10/12
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تاریخ : 1397/10/06
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تاریخ : 1397/10/05
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