روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 232 - مگ لند

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 232

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 232

روزنامه گسترش صنعت شماره 232

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪،‬ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪،‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ‪،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪،‬ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪﻭﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭼﺎپ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪232‬‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡﺁﻟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮﭼــﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻮﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻳــﻒ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻯ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ‪ 3‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪3/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ‪ 3/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ‪ 7/7 ،96‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒــﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪6/5‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪ 8/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ‪ 3/8‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1400‬ﺭﺍ‬ ‫‪ 4/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛــﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻓﺮﻳﺰ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ )ﺍﻭﭘﻚ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 50‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒــﺐ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪ 3‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘــﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻻﻳﻪ »ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ«‪» ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ« ﻭ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻤﻞ« ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨــﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺪ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺸﺮﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 27‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 3‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ »ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ« ﻭ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ« ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ!‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳــﻒ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫»ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﺒــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﭘــﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭ‪ «...‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺣﺎﻃــﻪ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘــﺎﻁ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍژﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳــﺎ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﻳﻰﻳﺰﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ‪ 1398 ،1397‬ﻭ ‪ 1399‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺯﻳﺮﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1395 ،1394‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 1396‬ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪///////////////////////////////////////////////////‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺷﻔﺎﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺮﺍﺑﺤﻪ ﻭ ﺻﻜﻮﻙ‪ ،‬ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ؛ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻳﻒ ﻛﻼﺳﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﭼﺮﺧﺪ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺠﻬﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺴﻠﻂ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 941‬ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﻴﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 49‬ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 49‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 351‬ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ 94 ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪ 22‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﺑﺮ ‪ 5/4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪ ،‬ﺯﺍﻣﻴﺎﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺁﺫﻳﻦ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﺑﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻬﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻــﺖ ﺁﺭﺑﻴﺘﺮﺍژ)‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻳــﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻟﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ( ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﮕــﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌــﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻳــﺎ ‪ International Credit risk‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻟﺴﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻟﺴﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻤــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ! ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﺪ! ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ! ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻧﻰ‬ ‫)ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ( ﻛــﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ )ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ( ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴــﻢ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ) ‪ ( Operation Cycle‬ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫)‪ ،( Inventory Turnover‬ﺣﺴــﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻰ )‪Trade‬‬ ‫‪ ( Receivable Turnover‬ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﻰ)‪Trade‬‬ ‫‪ (Payables Turnover‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻗــﻒ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺧﻼﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳــﺪﻥ ﺑﻰ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻌــﺪﻯ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﻻ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺍﺣﺘﻴــﺎﺝ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔــﺮﺩﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺽﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧــﺪ )ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ(‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﺻــﺖ ﺁﺭﺑﻴﺘﺮﺍژ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻓﻖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻟﻐﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﻣــﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﻮﻧﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﻞ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﻞ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺗﻼﺵﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﺣﻤﺘﻜﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫــﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﻢ »ﺗﻬﻚ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕــﺮﻯ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻫﻘﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ‪ 3‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪3/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 10/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ‪12/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﺴــﻠﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ‪3/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﻩ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ‪ 3/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ‪ 7/7 ،96‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒــﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 6/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪8/3‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘــﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑــﺎ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ‪ 3/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1400‬ﺭﺍ ‪ 4/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺷـﺪ‬ ‫‪3‬ﺗﺎ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛــﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻳﮕــﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻓﺮﻳﺰ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ )ﺍﻭﭘﻚ( ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 50‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒــﺐ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠــﻰ ﺩﻫﻘﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﻪﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺍﻧﻀﺒﺎﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺻــﺖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫــﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺳﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻗﻤــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧــﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻳﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣــﻮﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻰﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﺷﺪﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻘﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻚﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺿــﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮﻳﻢ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺠﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﻭﻧﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤــﺖ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﺴــﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞﺳﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗﻰ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻳﻜﺴــﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫــﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻰﺑــﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺴﺎﺭﮔﺴــﻴﺨﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﺭﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻜﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ‪ 10/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 10/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﺪﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺧــﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻗﻤﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸﻰ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻚﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛــﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸﻰ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﺭﮔﺴــﻴﺨﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﻭ ‪ 91‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﭘــﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺧــﻼﻑ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗــﺎ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 12/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪12/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪12/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻫــﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ‪500‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 37‬ﺑﻪ ‪4/40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑــﻪ ‪26‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪370‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸﻰ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛــﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 14‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺰﺍﻋــﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 21‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﺰﺍﻋــﻰ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳــﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ‪ 14‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪ FDI‬ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ) ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ( ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻳﺎ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕﻫــﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻭﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭼﺎپ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺒــﺎﺯ ﺣﺴــﻦﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﻭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎپ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭼﺎپ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ )ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﺳﻠــﺪﻭﺭﻑ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ‪ IPAP‬ﻭ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪ pacprocess‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ( ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬــﺮ ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺏ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 23‬ﻣﻬــﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺳﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻬﺮﺁﻓﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑــﺮ ‪ 15‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑــﻊ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪150‬ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒــﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳــﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎپ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺭﺍﻳﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻨﻰﺟــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻥﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼــﺎپ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤــﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﻘــﺐ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺪﻟﻰ ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻴﻄﺮﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﻔــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴــﻼﺕ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺳﺮﻓﺼﻞﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﻫﻤﮕــﺎﻡ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺤــﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧــﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼــﺎپ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼــﺎپ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻮﻧﺴــﻜﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﻢ ﻳﻮﻧﺴﻜﻮ ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﭘﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﻓــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﻟﻮﺡ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻫﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺸﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﻴﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺸــﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺻــﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﻠﺪﺭﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﻭﺳﻠﺪﻭﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﺭﭘــﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﭼﺎپ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻠﺪﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺳﻨﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﭼﺎپ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ‬ ‫¿‪]Â‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻣﺴــﻌﻮﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﻓــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺳﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﭼــﺎپ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎپ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔــﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻴﺮﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻴﻊﺍﻟﻪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰﻣﻜﺎﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄــﺢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﺴــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻣــﺎ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭼــﺎپ ﺟﺰﻭ ‪ 3‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﻭﺳﻠﺪﻭﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻐﺘﻨﻢ ﺷﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰﻣﻜﺎﺭﻡ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭼــﺎپ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ 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‫ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕــﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻧﻔﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺎﺭﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻠﻂ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺳﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺎﺭ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺴﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﺘﻮﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻓﺴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪22‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄــﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻣﺸﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔــﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻬــﻢ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣــﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﺑــﻪ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ‪42‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻮﻕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻮﺣﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻓﺴــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1373‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺐ ﺭﺳﻴــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪74‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪22‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 16‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺴﺎ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﻢ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣــﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻯﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺒــﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻴﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺻﺤﻴــﺢ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻬﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺣــﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻧﺸﺪ ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﻟــﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺣــﻞ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺩﻋــﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺷﺒﻪﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﻭ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻳﻢ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻔﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺻﻼ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﺧــﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻜﺴــﺖ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺳﺒﻘﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺤﻮﻝﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺮﻟﻮﺣﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪ ﻫﻴﭻ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﮓ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘــﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻟﻮﺣــﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻴﺴــﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺣــﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻗﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴــﻢ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺺ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﻯ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤﺎ( ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺘﻜﺲ)‪ 2017 (Gitex‬ﺩﻭﺑﻰ ﺍﻣــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘــﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﺑــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﺸﻨــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ )‪(ICT‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤﺎ( ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤــﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﻴﺘﻜــﺲ ‪ 2017‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﻴﺘﻜﺲ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1981‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬــﺮ ﺩﻭﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﻴﺘﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪ 2017‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺮﻑ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺩﻩﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺟﻴﺘﻜﺲ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ)ﺻﺤﺎ( ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺘﻜﺲ ‪ 2017‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑــﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ)‪joint‬‬ ‫‪ (venture‬ﺷﻮﻧــﺪ ﻳــﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﻮﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺻﺤﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻭﻳﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺻﺤﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻯ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ!‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪s.industrial@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫»ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭ‪ «...‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺣﺎﻃﻪ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘــﺎﻁ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬــﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﺎ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﻳﻰﻳــﺰﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼـﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳـﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻬـﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫‪ 1398 ،1397‬ﻭ ‪ 1399‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺯﻳﺮﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ‪،1394‬‬ ‫‪ 1395‬ﻭ ‪ 1396‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 19‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕــﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﻩ ‪ 3‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻮﻫﻴــﻪ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛــﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻳــﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻙ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺶﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳﺎﻥﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻼﻍﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫»ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ« ﺭﺍ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑــﻼﻍ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪» .‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ« ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 23‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ؛‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﺪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯﺍﺵ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻀﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺮﺍ ﺑﺪﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺟﻨﺎﺏ ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺼــﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘــﺮﻡ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣــﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ژﺍﭘﻨﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﻗﺮﻥﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻳﻚﺳــﺮﻯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ژﺍﭘﻨﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺙ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺩﻫﻴــﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﻓــﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺗﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒــﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﭽﻴــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫــﺎ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺠــﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺭﺳﻤــﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺼﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﺮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻥﺷﺎءﺍﷲ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛــﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺗــﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻀــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻳــﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣــﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺪﻙ ﻣﻰﻛﺸﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺰﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺩﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺳﻨﺠــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻰ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼـﺮﺍ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴـﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴـﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 1200‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﺘﺎﻣﻴﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻰ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻰ ﺑﭽﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺳﻴﻊﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻳــﻚ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﮔﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺳـﻄﺢ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻗــﺪﻡ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺎﻣــﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑــﻊ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻳﺎﺑــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫــﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺒﺮﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ؟ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳــﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻴــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻮﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ‪80‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺣــﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺎﻳﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻭ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻴــﻒ ﻭ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻠــﻪ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻛــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺫﻫﻨﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﺟــﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻏﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﻢﺗﺮ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺴـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨـﺎﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳـﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻗﻬﺮﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘــﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺩﻗﻴﻘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻰ ﺑﭙﺮﺳﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪﻫﺎ‪» ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ« ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴــﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ژﺍﭘــﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ‪ 60‬ﺳﺎﻟــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ‬ ‫‪ ILO‬ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ‪ ILO‬ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡﺁﻟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪infrastructure@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺸــﺎﺭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻮﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻳﻒ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪3‬ﻻﻳﻪ »ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ« ﻭ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ« ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨــﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻣــﺪﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺸﺮﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 27‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ »ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ«‪» ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪ« ﻭ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ« ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛــﺰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﮕــﻮﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒــﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ »ﺑﻴﻤــﻪﺍﻯ« ﻭ »ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ« ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔــﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﻴــﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﻻﻳــﻪ ‪ 11‬ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ 6 .‬ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ »ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣــﺪﺍﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢﻛﺎﺭ«‪» ،‬ﺳﻄﺢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ«‪» ،‬ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ«‪» ،‬ﻣﻤﺎﻧﻌــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺭﻳﺰ ﺑــﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻒ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ«‪» ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ« ﻭ »ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ«‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 3 ‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 3‬ﻻﻳــﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﺫﻫﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻟﻤﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜــﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﻐﻞ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻄــﺢ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴــﺮ« ﻭ‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ« ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﻳﺶﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻞ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗــﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻫــﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﻮﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺩﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﮔﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻳــﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻜﺎﻣــﻞ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺴــﻤﺎﺭﻛﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﻳﺠــﻰ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻣــﻰ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺷﺎﻏــﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﮔــﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ‬ ‫‪ 1370‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻛــﺎﺭ )‪ (ILO‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺿﺪ ﻓﻘﺮ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃــﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨــﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﻣﻌﻴــﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺗــﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗــﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺟﺰﺋﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴـﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋـﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴـﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ )ﻗﻮﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ( ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔــﻰ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﻣﻘﻄﻮﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺷﻐﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺮ ‪ 3‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺷﺎﻣــﻞ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ‬ ‫‪ ILO‬ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﺣﻖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻴﻤــﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻄــﺢ »ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴــﺮ« ﻭ‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ« ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺷﻐﻠــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓــﻪ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ‪ ILO‬ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺘﻨــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻴــﻦ ﻭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻫﺮ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺧﻂ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳــﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻻﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﻃــﻮﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻧﺎﻇــﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺿﻌﻴﻒﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺮﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﭼﻨــﺪ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﻴــﻮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﻩﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻇﻴﻔــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘــﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻻﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺗــﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺸــﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺿﻌــﻒ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻛﻢﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔــﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻳــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻼﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫»ﺣﺎﺗــﻢ ﺷﺎﻛﺮﻣﻰ« ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘــﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﻴــﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻯ ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻔــﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻳــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻼﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻔــﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 131‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻤــﻮﻝ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﻨﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﮔﭻ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﺭﻣﺎﺗﻮﺭﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﻳﻖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﺖ ﺳﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﮔﭻ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻼﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳــﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﻔﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣــﻼﺭﺩ ﺍﺣﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ ﺻﺎﻟﺢﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺷﻮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﻨﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛــﻞ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﻴــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﻨﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﻨﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻘﺎﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺮﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻒ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻼﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻼﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻛــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﮕﺮ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺒﻊ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﮕﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﺼﻴــﺐ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗــﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕــﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻴﺮﺍژ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﺳﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧــﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺒــﻮﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧــﺲ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ؛ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧــﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺯﻳــﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭼــﻮﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴــﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌــﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻥﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺰﻭ ﭘﺮﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻛﺸﺎپﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻳﺎ ‪ 4‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﺕﻻﺳﺘﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻜﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻓﻜﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺷﻴﺎﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺕ ﻭ‪...‬ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗــﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺳﺪﺱ ﺑﻨﺰ ﻭ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬــﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﮕﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﮋﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺒﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺳﺪﺱ ﺑﻨﺰ ﻳﺎ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﺴﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺍﻳﻦﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻛﺸﺎپ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﻗﺎﺳﻢﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﻧﺒــﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﮔﻼﻳــﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺘــﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻳﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺖﺗﺮﻣﺰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﺑﺴــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺘــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻧﻮ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪24‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺘﺰ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴــﺎﺱ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺭﻳﺨﺘﻨــﻰ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﻋــﻰ ﺳﻮﺧــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺰﻟﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺻﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻙ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻸ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﻗﺎﺳﻢﻧــﮋﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﻀﻠــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻓﻮﻣﻦﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﻀﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﻸ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺳﻢﻧــﮋﺍﺩ ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻸﻳﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﭼﺎپ ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺘﺨﻠﻔﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻸ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﺟﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻸ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰﺍﺻﻐﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺼﺎﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﻳﺰﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺘــﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏــﻦ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻜﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺮﺍﻛﻴﻨﮓ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﮔﻮﮔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻮﮔﺮﺩ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺟــﺪﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔــﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺻﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣــﺪﺕ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺗــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛــﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺻﻄﻜﺎﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺑﻪﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻀﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﺖ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳﺘــﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻴﻤــﻰ ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﻭﻳﻴﻞ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﻭﻳﻴﻠــﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﮔــﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﻭﻳﻴﻞﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﭘﻰﭘــﻰﺍﻡ )‪ (PPM‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴــﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻳﺎ ‪ 2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ‪ SO2‬ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﺤﺒــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳــﻮﺭﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻳــﺎ ‪ 4‬ﻳــﺎ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺼﻰﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻥﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺼﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﮔﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻟﻴﺰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﮔــﺮﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻜﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤــﺎﻅ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺍﺭﺯﺵﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺼﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﺷﻜــﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﮔــﺮﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‪10‬ﻛﻴﻠــﻮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗــﻦ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﻜﻞ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ؛ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﮔﺮﺩﺯﺩﺍﻳــﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔــﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺼﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻠﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻌﻴﻒﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2007‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺘــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪500‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜــﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺭﻥ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ‪ .‬ﻛﺪ‪58202‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ(‬ ‫‪39/503/000‬‬ ‫‪42/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺴﻨﺖ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪Blue-‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪123/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺎ ﭘﻼﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﻯﺍﻑ‪7‬‬ ‫‪48/052/000‬‬ ‫‪53/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺮﺍ ‪ 2,0‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪147/226/000‬‬ ‫‪156/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 405‬ﺍﺱﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‪.‬ﻛﺪ‪22009‬‬ ‫‪31/473/000‬‬ ‫‪32/700/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﺗﺎ ﺍﻝﺍﻑ ﻫﻴﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺍﻝﺍﺱ‬ ‫‪162/900/000‬‬ ‫‪173/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪.‬ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺍﻳﻜﺲ‬ ‫‪45/331/000‬‬ ‫‪54/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﺎﻥ ‪- 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪+‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫‪194/950/000‬‬ ‫‪212/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 207‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺯﺩ ﺍﻑ‬ ‫‪47/124/900‬‬ ‫‪54/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺎﻓﻪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ‪.‬ﺍﺗﻮﭘﺎﺭﻙ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪265/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭ ‪ 206‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﻯ‪.8‬ﻛﺪ‪27430‬‬ ‫‪38/942/000‬‬ ‫‪39/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻧﺘﻮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪.....‬‬ ‫‪89/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﻛﭙﭽﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪110/000/000‬‬ ‫‪115/900/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﺪﺍﺭ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪120/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﻭﻛﻰ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﻼﺱ‪10‬‬ ‫‪147/074/000‬‬ ‫‪141/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪109/850/000‬‬ ‫‪120/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎ ﺍﺱ‪ 7‬ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪95/074/000‬‬ ‫‪91/300/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺗﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 2017‬ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻴﺲ ﻛﻴﻮ ﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪199/244/000‬‬ ‫‪210/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ‪ 151‬ﺍﺱﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪21/385/000‬‬ ‫‪21/900/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺍﭘﺘﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﻰﺍﻑ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ - 2017‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‪+‬ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪208/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﺎ‪-2‬ﻫﺎچ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻯﺍﻳﻜﺲ )ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﺭﻧﮓ(‬ ‫‪28/135/000‬‬ ‫‪27/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪ 2,4‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻰﺗﻰ‬ ‫‪236/649/000‬‬ ‫‪283/000/000‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺳﻰﺍﺱ‪) 35‬ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻱ(‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪66/057/000‬‬ ‫‪68/300/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪ 2017‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪162/000/000‬‬ ‫‪154/000/000‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺗﻮ ‪-2000‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ )ﺁﭘﺸﻨﺎﻝ(‬ ‫‪99/158/000‬‬ ‫‪99/200/000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻳﻮﺗﺎ ﭘﺮﻳﻮﺱ ‪+2017‬ﺳﺎﻧﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫‪178/000/000‬‬ ‫‪......‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍچ‪- 330‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‪+‬ﻣﻮﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫‪56/300/000‬‬ ‫‪57/800/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺗﻰ‪ 200‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‪-‬ﺍﻑﺍﺳﭙﺮﺕ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪398/000/000‬‬ ‫‪393/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﻮ ﺳﺎﻧﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﭗﻭﻯ‪-‬ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫‪55/700/000‬‬ ‫‪62/500/000‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺴﻮﺱ ﺍچ ‪ 300‬ﺍﻥﺍﻳﻜﺲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪375/000/000‬‬ ‫‪375/000/000‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 23 1396‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪ 14 1439‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪ 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫»ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺮ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗﻔﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣــﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻣﻤﺴﻨﻰ‬ ‫‪car@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻤﺸﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺒــﻪ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳﻮ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗــﺐ ﺭﺍﺣﺖﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺑﻪﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻴﺐ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺣــﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻫﻢ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺳﻜﻪ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﻫﻢ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻤﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫــﺪ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻚ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻔــﺎﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 35‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﻮﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄــﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻰ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎﻧــﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺴﺒﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧــﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻜــﺪﻩ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﭼﺴﺒﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺁﻥﭼﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻮﻙ ﻗﻴﻤﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 3900‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺍﷲ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﺰﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗــﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴــﻪ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕــﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳــﺰﺩ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﻤﻜــﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺳﺎﭘﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺍﺯﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻭ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺪﻛﻰ ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﻛﻴــﺎ )ﻛــﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ( ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺣﺘــﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺳﻬــﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺼﻤﻴــﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2020‬ﺗﺎ ‪2022‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺳﻮﺯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2050‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘــﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺳﻮﺯ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻴﺒﺎﻯ ‪ 2‬ﺑﺮﻗــﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ‪ 2‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻋــﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺍﺯ ‪ 17‬ﺗﺎ ‪21‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ‪ 7‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧــﺪﻩ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘــﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺩﺍﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺯ ‪ 4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣــﻼﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺟﻨﺠﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺟﻮ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ‪ 24‬ﻣﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﻀﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺫﻫﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺮﻳــﺢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ؛ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺸﺶ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘــﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺋﻴﻚ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ!‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛﻮﺋﻴــﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﺎ ﺗﻘــﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﺎﻛﻮﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻧﻮﻳــﺲ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ ﺳــﻰ‪ 4‬ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻳﻨــﺎ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺗــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﻴﺮﺑﻜــﺲ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧــﺖ ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﭘﺎﻧﺶ ﺑﻠﮋﻳــﻚ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻧﺞ ‪100‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻳﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺗﻴﭗ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻝ ﻭ ﭘﻼﺱ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴــﻚ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺪﺍﻡﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺗﻴﭗ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ‪ 111‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ‪ 111‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﺮﻭﺋﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﻣﻌﺎﻳــﺐ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺮﺍﻳــﺪ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻘــﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻴﺒﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﺎﻳﭙــﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻴﺎ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﺎﻛﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳﻮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺳﻮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤــﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺟﻬﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﻮﺗــﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﻢﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ ‪97‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺯﻣﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ‪ 33‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺁﻳﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ»ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ« ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ‪61‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ« ﻧﻴﺮﻩﺳــﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﺑﺨﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻠﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﻯ ‪ 1397‬ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ‪ 85‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ‪ 52‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 85‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴــﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻃﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 69‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ‪ 69‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 812‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪ 99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺒﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ‪ 12‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﺗﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧــﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﻞ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 69‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 812‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕــﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪ 99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺒــﻚ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ‪ 50‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ‪7‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻳــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒــﻚ ‪ 10‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﺖ ﺗﻨــﺪﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄــﺢ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﺍﻧﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﺍﻳﻜﺲ ‪ 151‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴﺐ ‪ 2‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 22‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1396‬‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ‪1439‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 232‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2205‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ»‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮ‪ -88713730 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ - 88722732-3 :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺑﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪ - 88722735 :‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪www.sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫‪http://telegram.me/sanatnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻴــﻦ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﺎ ‪ 300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪ 300‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﻢ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻋﻈﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ‪4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭﻟــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩ؟ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺝ ﭘﻨﺞﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫»ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ« ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ »ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ«‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺪﺿﻴﺎء ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺳﺮﻓﺼــﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛــﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺴﻚﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﻜﺎﻑ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻬﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺭﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‪ -‬ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﺗﻨﮕﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﺒــﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺖﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻬﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺎﺷﻤــﻰ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪» ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ«‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫‪industry@sanatnewspaper.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺍﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﺗﺎ ﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫»ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ« ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪393‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 90‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 269‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫»ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ« ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 449‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 275‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ‪ -‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪» ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ« ﻳﻚ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 16‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 719‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪700‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ »ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ« ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 392‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 600‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ 393‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 449‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1391‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 905‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪900‬ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 742‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ؛ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 21‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 654‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‪ 804‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‪ 500‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫــﺪﺍﺕ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1392‬ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺣﻜﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 27‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 686‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪700‬ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 446‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪307‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 370‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1393‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 31‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 382‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ‪ 32‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 876‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺩ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 615‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 739‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 938‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 938‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1394‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1394‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 35‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 258‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪600‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧــﻪ ‪ 35‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 265‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪100‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻜــﺎﻑ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪39‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 237‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 39‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪269‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 275‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﭘﻨﺞﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤــﻪ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 90‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫــﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ »ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ« ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ »ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ« ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺿﻌﻴﻒﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﺪﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ »ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﺳﻜﻮﭘﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛــﺎﺭ« ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺸﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﻫﺮﻣﺰ ﻛﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﮔﻠﻚ« ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻛﺶ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﺪﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ‪ 3‬ﺩﻫﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻮﺕ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺟﺰ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻢﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ‪ 84‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 95‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻏــﻼﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪ 66‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 84‬ﺑــﻪ ‪ 59‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺴــﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 33‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ‪ 658‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﺪﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺗــﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫــﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ‪ 812‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻣﻴﻠــﻰ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺰﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 84‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛــﻞ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧــﺪﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﻨﻴﺴــﻴﻦﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻏﻴــﺮ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﮕــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﺮ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺪﻯﻛﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨــﺪ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴــﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩﻣﻬﺮ ﻛﺎﻇــﻢﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤــﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺭﻗﺒــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﻳﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳــﻂ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺘــﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺰﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒــﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2029‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 200‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗــﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 12‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪20‬ﺍﻯ ﺗﻰ ﺁﺭ‪ 800 ،‬ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺍﻳﺮﺑــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻼﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﺍﻧــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﺍﻧــﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2018‬ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2018‬ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ‪ 20‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 6‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻓﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻰ ﺁﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻮﺋﻴﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤــﺪ ﻣــﺮﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ‪ :‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻡﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔــﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﺤﻴــﺢ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌــﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻡﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫‪11‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺘــﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻬــﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

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